Colville Ch 8 9 10 notes
Card Set Information
Colville Ch 8 9 10 notes
VTHT Anesthesia Surgery
Some terms and notes not found in PPT
This means pertaining to the soft internal organs
This means pertaining to the wall of an organ or cavity
This mean "ear"
This means "flap"
This structure gives the right ventricle additional support
This is the condition in which heart muscle cells in different areas contract independently of one another
This means out of place and is associated with fibrillations
This is large electric charge applied to the heart for a short duration to repolarize cardiac cells all at once so the SA node can resume normal cardiac conduction
How does the fetus receive oxygen?
Through the placenta via the umbilical vein where exchange between maternal and fetal circulations
This allow some blood to bypass the liver in a fetus.
What two structures allow fetal blood to bypass the lung tissue
Foramen ovale (hole btw l/r atria)
Ductus arteriosus (hole btw PA & aorta)
This refers to the stretch of the ventricular muscles that results in increase cardiac contraction
This refers to a result of lower blood pressure to fill the heart and the ventricles to not fill as completely
These two types of shock are due to dilatation of blood vessels in organs and tissues all at once
The 3 layers of the artery from in to out:
smooth muscle and elastic connective tissue
What type of tissue is blood?
What are the 3 main functions of blood?
This refers to the appearance being cloudy due to fat from digested food being suspended in the plasma.
postprandial lipemia "after eating fat in blood"
Name the granulocytes
Polymorphonucleocytes (segmented neutrophils)
Name the agranulocytes
All but which white blood cell originate in the bone marrow?
This is the general term for production of all blood cells
This is the term for the formation of red blood cells
This is commonly seen when there is a loss of fluid from the blood.
This is a rare bone disorder that causes in increased production of red blood cells
Polycythemia rubra vera
This is an increased number of white blood cells
This is the production of thrombocytes (platelets)
The stem cell for platelets
The stem cell for all blood cells
Pluripotent stem cells (PPSC)
The hormone for erythropoiesis
3 Ways to classify white blood cells:
Type of defense function: phagocytic or antibody production/immunity
Shape of nucleus: polymorphonuclear, mononuclear or pleomorphic
Cytoplasmic granule staining: granulocyte or agranulocyte
Phagocytic white blood cells are:
segmented neutrophils (PMN)
WBC involved with antibody production and immunity
Polymorphonuclear white blood cells
The only WBC with a single round nucleus
The pleomorphic WBC is:
This is the term for the formation of white blood cells
3 platelet functions:
maintenance of vascular integrity
Platelet plug formation
contribute to the process of fibrin formation to stabilize the hemostatic plug
This is the term for the production of all granulocytes
This is the condition that is caused by an abnormal proliferation of one of the white blood cell types and means "white blood"
What substance does the neutrophil granule contain?
This is the term for the process of aging
This is an older segmented neutrophil characterized by more than 4 segments and has a reduced ability to phagocytize due to age
This is the process by which neutrophils and other cells are attracted by inflammatory chemicals to the sight of injury
This is the plasma protein that coats a microorganism to make it more recognizable to neutrophils
opsonins (the process is call opsonization)
These lymphocytes are processed in the thymus to recognize self and non-self proteins and are associated with cell-mediated immunity
This is the term that gave the B-lymphocyte its name
Bursa of Fabricius - a bird organ
These lymphocytes are responsible for humoral immunity and become plasma cells when exposed to a recognized antigen
These lymphocytes are neither T nor B cells that when they come into direct contact with an antigen and kill it
Natural killer lymphocytes
Name the lymphatic system components:
GALT (gut associated lymph tissue)
4 primary functions of the lymphatic system
remove excess tissue fluid
waste material transport
iltration of lymph
Which part of the lymph node contains the lymphocytes?
What percentage of the intestinal mucosa and submucosa is made of lymphoid tissue?