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- surgical puncture to aspirate or remove fluid
ex. amniocentesis is puncture of the amnion for removing fluid for study or administering treatment with the fetus
-excision (surgical removal or cutting out)
ex. appendectomy is excision of the appendix
-process of loosening, freeing, or destroying
ex. the suffix is also used in nonsurgical words to mean destruction or dissolving, as in hemolysis
-surgical fixation (fastening in a fixed position)
ex. mastopexy is plastic surgery that fastens breasts in a fixed position to correct sagging
ex. plastic is derived from the same word root as -plasty. plastic surgery repairs, restores, and reconstructs body structures. Mammoplasty is plastic surgery of the breast and is done for a variety of reasons.
-suture (uniting a wound by stitches)
ex. this suffix is not generally used in everyday language, but angiorrhaphy means suture of a blood vessel.
-visual examination with a lighted instrument (not always a surgical procedure)
ex. microscopy is a visual examination of very small objects with a magnifying instrument (microscope) the suffix -scope means the instrument. micro means small
-formation of an opening
ex. a tracheostomy is surgical procedure that forms a new opening into thetrachea
-an instrument used for cutting
ex. a microtome is an instrument used for cutting thin sections of tissue for microscopic study
-incision (cutting into tissue)
ex. a tracheotomy is an incision of the trachea through the skin and muscles in the neck that overlie the trachea
ex. lithotripsy is surgical crushing of a calculus (stone)