ch.2 combining forms for selected body structures

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xiongashely
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264878
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ch.2 combining forms for selected body structures
Updated:
2014-03-03 15:33:50
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body structures
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body structures
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  1. aden/o
    -gland

    ex. adenoids were so named because they resembled or were thought to be glands
  2. angi/o
    -vessel

    ex. an angiogram is an s-ray film of blood vessels filled with a contrast medium
  3. append/o, appendic/o
    -appendix

    ex. an appendectomy is excision of the appendix
  4. bi/o
    life or living

    ex. biology is the science of life and living things
  5. blephar/o
    -eyelid

    ex. blepharoptosis is the dropping of the upper eyelid
  6. cerebr/o, encephal/o
    brain

    ex. cerebral palsy is paralysis cause by a braind efect
  7. chir/o
    hand

    ex.writer's cramp is a type of chirospasm
  8. col/o
    colon or large intestine

    ex. coloscopy is visual examination of the colon, but the term colonoscopy is more commonly used
  9. cutane/o, derm/a, dermat/o
    skin

    ex. cutaneous means pertaining of the skin. a dermatologist is a specialist who treats diseases of the skin.
  10. faci/o
    face

    ex. facial pertains to the face
  11. hepat/o
    liver

    ex. hepatitis is an inflammatory condition of the liver
  12. mamm/o, mast/o
    breast 

    ex. mammography is the use of x-rays to diagnose breast diseases. mastectomy is surgical removal of the breast
  13. muscul/o, my/o
    muscle
  14. myel/o
    bone marrow or spinal cord

    ex. myelopathy has two meanings: any disease of the spinal cord of of the bone marrow
  15. oste/o
    bone

    ex. osteoarthritis is a common type of arthritis of older persons in which one or more joints undergo degenerative changes, but named to include both bones and joints.
  16. pulm/o, pulmon/o, pneum/o, pneumon/o
    lungs

    • ex. pulmonary means pertaining to the lungs.¬†
    • pneumonia is a lung condition.
    • pneumatic means pertaining to air or gas
  17. tonsill/o
    tonsil

    ex. tonsillitis is inflammation of the tonsils.
  18. trache/o
    trachea (windpipe)

    ex. tracheostomy is an operation that forms a new opening to the trachea.
  19. vas/o
    vessel

    ex. vasectomy is the removal of all or a segment of the vas deferens and is a form of male contraception

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