ch.2 combining forms for selected body structures
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ex. adenoids were so named because they resembled or were thought to be glands
ex. an angiogram is an s-ray film of blood vessels filled with a contrast medium
ex. an appendectomy is excision of the appendix
life or living
ex. biology is the science of life and living things
ex. blepharoptosis is the dropping of the upper eyelid
ex. cerebral palsy is paralysis cause by a braind efect
ex.writer's cramp is a type of chirospasm
colon or large intestine
ex. coloscopy is visual examination of the colon, but the term colonoscopy is more commonly used
cutane/o, derm/a, dermat/o
ex. cutaneous means pertaining of the skin. a dermatologist is a specialist who treats diseases of the skin.
ex. facial pertains to the face
ex. hepatitis is an inflammatory condition of the liver
ex. mammography is the use of x-rays to diagnose breast diseases. mastectomy is surgical removal of the breast
bone marrow or spinal cord
ex. myelopathy has two meanings: any disease of the spinal cord of of the bone marrow
ex. osteoarthritis is a common type of arthritis of older persons in which one or more joints undergo degenerative changes, but named to include both bones and joints.
pulm/o, pulmon/o, pneum/o, pneumon/o
- ex. pulmonary means pertaining to the lungs.
- pneumonia is a lung condition.
- pneumatic means pertaining to air or gas
ex. tonsillitis is inflammation of the tonsils.
ex. tracheostomy is an operation that forms a new opening to the trachea.
ex. vasectomy is the removal of all or a segment of the vas deferens and is a form of male contraception
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