health 51 B

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jessi126
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264889
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health 51 B
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2014-03-03 23:47:19
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100 questions
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  1. Is HIV an acute or chronic disease?
    HIV is a chronic disease
  2. What is homeostasis?
    The maintenance of a steady state within a body
  3. What is remission?
    the period of a chronic disease when sign and symptoms subside
  4. What is exacerbation?
    the period of time when sign and symptoms recur in all their severity.
  5. Why is looking at risk factors for diseases so
    important?
    may not prevent disease, but it reduces the chances of developing disease
  6. Remission and exacerbation occur in which disease type?
    leukimia and ulcerative colitis
  7. Which of the following is the best brief definition
    of disease:

    ·  functional disequilibrium

    · having a fever

    · feeling ill,

    · fatigue and weight loss?
    functiional disequilibrium
  8. What is a syndrome?
    combination of symptoms and sign
  9. Mary's signs and symptoms of multiple sclerosis diminished following medical treatment. Shortly after treatment, her signs and symptoms returned with greater severity. Mary experienced which phenomenon?
    relapse
  10. Which term means the determination of the nature of a disease?
    diagnosis
  11. What is the best definition for epidemiology?
    is the study of the occurrence, transmission, distribution and control of disease
  12. What best defines a complication of a disease?
    a complication is a disease or other abnormal state that develops in a person already suffering from a disease.
  13. Which of the following best describes homeostasis:

    · regulation of blood pH near 7.35

    ·maintaining temperature at 37 degree Celsius

    · elevation of BP during exercise and lowering of BP during sleep
    All of them
  14. The events leading to the development of a disease is known as?
    Symptom

  15. What is the difference between a sign, symptom and
    sequela?

    Sign-the objective evidence of disease observed on physical examinations, such as abnormal pulse or fever.

    Symptom-  A indication of disease perceived by the patient, such as pain, dizziness and itching.

    Sequela - the after math of a particular disease, such as permanent damage to the heart after rheumatic fever.
  16. Etiology
    etiology - the cause of a disease
  17. Pathology·
    pathology- study of the characteristics, cause and effects of disease
  18. Physiology·
    physiology -study of the function of the body
  19. Immunology·
    immunology-Immunology is a branch of biomedical science that covers the study of all aspects of the immune system in all organisms
  20. Anatomy-
    • Anatomy- study of the normal structure of the body.

  21. Definition of a lesion?
    an abnormal tissue structure or function. may be the result of a wound, injury or pathology injury.
  22. What procedure extracts tissue for a microscopic exam?
    biopsy
  23. Assign sign or symptom to the following:

    ·      sore throat

    ·      yellow patches on the tonsils

    ·      fever

    ·      redness

    ·      tiredness
    • sore throat·    symptom
    • yellow patches on the tonsils·     sign
    • fever ·      symptom
    • redness·      sign
    • tiredness     sign
  24. A patient presents with signs and symptoms of a urinary tract infection, which lab test would be done first?
    urinalysis
  25. What steps are taken in making a diagnosis?
    physical examination, sign symptoms patient history cc.interview
  26. A treatment is classified as a medical treatment if it involves…..?
    health
  27. Which term means the predicted outcome of disease?
    prognosis
  28. The determination of the cause of disease is the….?
    Diagnosis
  29. Morbidity
    Morbidity- the number who become sick or disabled from a disease per , 100,000 within a population.
  30. ·      Prevalence-
    ·      Prevalence- the number of existing cases of a disease
  31. incidence
    ·      incidence- the number of a new cases of a disease in a population.
  32. Mortality
    • ·      Mortality-the number of people who die from a disease per 100,000 who have a disease within a population.






  33. Characteristics of active immunity
    protection produced by the persons own immune system

    usually permanent 
  34. How does a person develop active immunity?
    produce by antibodies that develop in response to antigens
  35. What may be used to produce a vaccine?
    passive immunity toxoid. whole agents vaccines use organisms that have been killed.
  36. Which immune cells are responsible for a more potent and rapid response during subsequent exposures to the same antigen?
    b lymphocytes -memory cells.
  37. Characteristics and treatment of fever
    increse of body temperature.
  38. IgE is involved in which disease process?
    allergy
  39. Which cells bind with IgE?
    plasma cells--mast cells
  40. What therapy is used for anaphylaxis?
    the most vital therapy for systemic anaphylaxis is prompt intramuscular  injection of epinephrine adrenalin epi-pen
  41. The allergic response to tree or grass pollen is an example of which type of hypersensitivity?
    type 1
  42. When tissue comes in contact with an allergen,which reactions can be expected?
    • - release of histamine 
    • -production of the antibodies'
    • -dilation of blood vessels.
  43. What substance is injected in an allergy shot?
    a small amount of the offending allergen are administered and concentrations are gradually increase.
  44. Parenteral disease transmission
    means through the skin as with cuts or punctures (disease causing organisms  transferred through contact with blood or body fluid.
  45. What type of hypersensitivity is produced by bee venom, foods or pollen?
    type 1
  46. What is characteristic of a systemic hypersensitiveresponse that produces anaphylaxis?
    massive release of histamine
  47. Incompatible blood transfusion causes which type ofhypersensitivity?
    type 2
  48. Nucleic acid analogues are used in the treatment of______?____ infections.
    Fungal bacterial infections
  49. A disease caused by a virus is what classification of disease?
    infection
  50. Lupus Erythematosus is classified as which type of disease?
    chronic autoimmune disease
  51. Which type of lupus is limited to the skin?
    discoid lupus
  52. Which cells of the immune system can destroy cancer cells?
    natural killer cells type of white blood cells leukocytes
  53. What is the cause of immune system damage in AIDS?
    human immunodificiency virus
  54. How may HIV be spread?
    • -blood
    • -breast milk
    • -vaginal secretion
    • -semen 
    • -sexual contact
    • -shared hypodermic needles.
  55. Which immune cells are associated with humoral immunity?
    b lymphocytes -b cells
  56. Resistance of the skin to invading organisms is what type of immunity?
    innate immunity
  57. Which cells are associated with the production of antibodies?
    b lymphocytes
  58. Which cells kill cancer cells and other abnormal cells?
    cytotoxic t lymphocytes
  59. What type of leukocyte recognizes body cells with abnormal membranes?
    natural killer cells.
  60. Which cells respond rapidly during a secondary immune response?
    memory
  61. What are the signs and symptoms of inflammation?
    • sewlling
    • redness
    • heat
    • pain
  62. Characteristics of bacteria
    they don't have a nucleus
  63. Name of the different shaped bacteria
    • spherical round cells=cocci
    • ro-shaped cellls=bracili
    • spiral shaped cells=spirilla
    • corkscrew- shaped=spirochetes
    • coma shaped cells=vibrios
  64. Which bacteria commonly cause skin infections?
    fungi -candidiasis
  65. infections with helminths are often called__________?
    infestations
  66. Rubeola virus causes which disease
    measles
  67. People who harbor an infectious agent but do not have signs and symptoms are called?
    latent infection
  68. Indiscriminate use of antibiotics has produces resistant strains of which pathogen?
    multidrug -resistant pathogen
  69. Bacteria that do not fit well into the shape and Gramstain pattern include the?
    rickettsia
  70. Bacterial structures that form in response to harshenvironmental conditions are called?
    endospores
  71. Reservoirs for pathogens are?
    • -human
    • -animal 
    • -insects
    • -soil
    • -water
  72. Single-celled or multicelled organisms with cell walls that contain chitin are called__________.?
    fungi.
  73. What is quarantining?
    a strict isolation imposed to prevent the spread of disease.
  74. Exposure to asbestos increases the risk for cancer of the membranes of many internal organs and is commonly known as __________?
    mesothelioma
  75. A cancer of fibrous connective tissue is called a (n)__________?
    fibrosarcoma
  76. Greater than 90% of esophageal cancer is attributed to __________?
    tabacco use?
  77. Is the prognosis and treatment of cancer is affected by nutrition, chronic disease and stage of the cancer?
    affected by all of them
  78. Hodgkin's disease is associated with the
    ____?______virus.
    epstein barr virus and hiv but mainly ebv
  79. Cancer of the sympathetic nervous system that consists of immature embryonic like cells is known as a _______?
    neuroblastoma
  80. A cancer-related checkup is recommended every_____?_____ year(s) by the American Cancer
    for individuals 20-30 every 3 yr
  81. Life expectancy for men who are surgical candidates for prostate cancer is?
    greater then 10 yr
  82. Amoeboid move by means of cell membrane extensions called?
    psuedopodia
  83. What type of disease transmission moves directlyfrom an infected individual to a susceptible individual?
    horizontal transmission
  84. A renal tumor that is composed of cells that
    resemble embryonic glomeruli is known as __________.?
    wilms tumor.
  85. More than _____?_____% of all cancers in the UnitedStates occur in adults over the age of 65.
    60% .
  86. The ____?______ encodes for proteins that regulatecell growth and differentiation.
    oncogene .
  87. Headaches are common in brain tumors when the cancer infiltrates the blood, meninges or lymph?
    meninges
  88. Deaths from cancer are projected to rise to_____?_____ million in 2015.
  89. The most common childhood cancer is?
    leukemia
  90. Surgical treatments for breast cancer include mastectomy and __________?
    lumpectomy?
  91. Which diagnostic method is used to determine if adisease is hereditary?
    family history
  92. Stress causes an increased production of which hormone?
    cortisol

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