Lesson 8 Prefixes and Suffixes

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nvantage
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264918
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Lesson 8 Prefixes and Suffixes
Updated:
2014-04-07 12:27:31
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Prefixes Suffixes Exam2
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2014,Latin
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Latin Prefixes & Suffixes
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  1. ab- (a- rarely before certain consonants; abs- before c and t)
    • away from
    • ex: ab-ductor, ab-ortion
  2. ad- (ac- before c; af- before f; ag- before g; al- before l; an- before n; ap- before p; as- before s; a- before sp; at- before t)
    • to, toward
    • ex: ad-aptation, af-ferent
  3. ambi-
    • both
    • ex: ambi-dextrous
  4. ante-
    • before, forward
    • ex: ante-version
  5. bi- (bin-, bis-)
    • two, twice, double, both
    • ex: bi-lateral, bin-ocular
  6. circum-
    • around
    • ex: circum-duction
  7. con- (co- before h;col- before l; com- before e, m, and p; cor- before r)
    • together, with; thoroughly, very
    • ex: con-genital, co-hesion
  8. contra-
    • against, opposite
    • ex: contra-ception
  9. de-
    down, away from, absent
  10. dis- (di- before g, v, and usually before l; dif- before f)
    • apart, away
    • ex: dis-infect, di-gest
  11. ex- (e- before certain consonants; ef- before f)
    • out of, away from
    • ex: ex-halation, ef-ferent
  12. extra- (rarely extro-)
    • on the outside, beyond
    • ex: extra-sensory, extro-vert
  13. in- (il- before l; im- before b, m, and p; ir- before r)
    • (1) in, into
    • ex: in-cubation, ir-radiation

    • (2) not
    • ex: in-continence, im-mune

    • (3) very, thoroughly
    • ex: in-flammation, in-toxication
  14. infra-
    • beneath, below
    • ex: infra-mammary, infra-maxillary
  15. inter-
    • between
    • ex: inter-costal, inter-meningeal
  16. intra- (rarely intro-)
    • within
    • ex: intra-muscular, intro-version
  17. non-
    • not
    • ex: non-toxic, non-viable
  18. mult (often multi-)
    • many, much, affecting many parts
    • ex: multi-cuspid
  19. ob- (oc- before c; op- before p)
    • against, toward; very, thoroughly
    • ex: ob-session, op-position
  20. per- (pel- before l)
    • through; very, thoroughly
    • ex: per-manent, per-meable
  21. post-
    • after, following, behind
    • ex: post-mortem, most-nasal
  22. pre-
    • before, in front of
    • ex: pre-gnant, pre-tibial
  23. pro-
    • forward, in front
    • ex: pro-cedure
  24. re-
    • back, again
    • ex: re-cess, re-sonance
  25. retro-
    • backward, in back, behind
    • ex: retro-grade
  26. se-
    • apart, away from
    • ex: se-crete, se-gregation
  27. semi-
    • half
    • ex: semi-permeable
  28. sub- (suf- before f; sup- before p)
    • under
    • ex: sub-dural
  29. super- (often supra-)
    • over, above; excess
    • ex: super-ficial,
  30. trans-
    • across, through
    • ex: trans-parent, trans-plant
  31. ultra-
    • beyond, excess
    • ex: ultra-sound,
  32. -al
    • pertaining to
    • ex: dors-al, ren-al
  33. -an
    • pertaining to, located in
    • ex: medi-an, ovari-an
  34. -ar
    • pertaining to, located in
    • ex: ocul-ar, vascular
  35. -arium
    • denotes a place for something
    • ex: aqu-arium
  36. -ary
    • denotes a place for something
    • ex: libr-ary, mortu-ary
  37. -ary
    • pertaining to
    • ex: saliv-ary
  38. -ate
    • having the form of, possessing
    • ex: cord-ate, caud-ate
  39. -ia
    • forms abstract nouns
    • ex: somnolent-ia
  40. -ian
    • indicates an expert in a certain field
    • ex: librar-ian, mortic-ian
  41. -ic
    • pertaining to
    • ex: rhythm-ic
  42. -id
    • pertaining to
    • ex: morb-id
  43. -ile
    • pertaining to, capable of
    • ex: sen-ile, febr-ile
  44. -ine
    • pertaining to, located in
    • ex: sangu-ine
  45. -ive
    • pertaining to
    • ex: tuss-ive
  46. -lent
    • full of
    • ex: somno-lent
  47. -ose
    • full of
    • ex: adip-ose
  48. -ous
    • full of
    • ex: bili-ous, sanguine-ous
  49. -ty
    • forms abstract nouns
    • ex: gravi-ty
  50. -y
    • forms abstract nouns
    • ex: memor-y

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