Health

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Author:
dandelionmilktea
ID:
264994
Filename:
Health
Updated:
2014-03-07 11:32:42
Tags:
doctor
Folders:
2014
Description:
vocabulary
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  1. nasty a.
    • very bad or unpleasant
    • This coffee has a nasty taste.
  2. chemist n.
    BRITISH someone who works in a chemist's shoppreparing and selling medicines
  3. clear up
    • (of an illness, infection, etc.) to disappear
    • Has your rash cleared up yet?
  4. examine /ɪɡˈzæmən/ v.
    • to look at someone or something closely, to see if there is anything wrong or to find the cause of a problem
    • The doctor examined her but could find nothing wrong.
  5. pulse /pʌls/ n.
    • the regular beat of blood as it is sent around the body, which can be felt in different places, especially on the inside part of the wrist; the number of times the blood beats in a minute
    • a strong/weak pulse
    • The doctor took/felt my pulse.
  6. check-up
    • an examination of something, especially a medical one to make sure that you are healthy
    • a medical/dental/routine/thorough check-up医疗/牙科/常规/彻底检查
  7. tablet /ˈtæblət/ n.=pill
    • a small, round, solid piece of medicine that you swallow
    • an aspirin tablet
    • Take two tablets with water before meals.
  8. cough mixture
    liquid medicine that you take for a cough
  9. drugs  (in America/Britain)
    Americans talk about drugs instead of tablet or pills. In Britain drugs usually mean heroin,cocaine etc. In the United States a chemist's is called a drugstore.
  10. heroin /ˈhɛroʊən/ n.
    • a powerful illegal drug made from morphine, that some people take for pleasure and can become addicted to
    • a heroin addict
  11. morphine  /ˈmɔrfin/ n.
    • a powerful drug that is made from opium and used to reduce pain
    • Cancer patients are often prescribed increasing doses of morphine.
  12. opium /ˈoʊpiəm/ n.
    • a powerful drug made from the juice of a type of poppy (= a kind of flower), used in the past in medicines to reduce pain and help people sleep. Some people take opium illegally for pleasure and can become addicted to it.
    • the opium trade鴉片貿易
    • opium poppies罌粟
  13. poppy/ˈpɑpi/ n.
    • a wild or garden plant, with a large delicate flower that is usually red, and small black seeds. opium is obtained from one type of poppy
    • poppy fields/seeds
  14. prescribe /prɪˈskraɪb/ v.
    • to tell someone to take a particular medicine or have a particular treatment; to write a prescription for a particular medicine, etc.開藥方
    • Valium is usually prescribed to treat anxiety.
  15. Valium /ˈvæliəm/ n.
    a drug used to reduce anxiety
  16. anxiety /æŋˈzaɪət̮i/  n.
    • the state of feeling nervous or worried that something bad is going to happen 焦慮
    • Waiting for exam results is a time of great anxiety.
  17. dietitian =dietician /ˌdaɪəˈtɪʃn/ n.
    a person whose job is to advise people on what kind of food they should eat to keep healthy
  18. optician n.
    a person whose job is to test people's eyes and to recommend and sell glasses眼鏡商;配鏡師
  19. optometrist  /ɑpˈtɑmətrɪst/  n.
    a person whose job is to examine people's eyes for medical conditions and to find out if they need glasses 驗光師
  20. physical therapist  n.
    a person whose job is to give patients physical therapy 物理治療師
  21. therapy /ˈθɛrəpi/ n.
    • the treatment of a physical problem or an illness
    • Most leukemia patients undergo some sort of drug therapy (= treatment using drugs)大多数白血病患者接受某种药物治疗
  22. undergo v.
    • to experience something, especially a change or something unpleasant 經歷 /忍受
    • My mother underwent major surgery last year.去年經歷了大手術
  23. leukemia /luˈkimiə/ n.
    a serious disease in which too many white blood cells are produced, causing weakness and sometimes death 白血病
  24. psychiatrist /saɪˈkaɪətrɪst/ n.
    a doctor who studies and treats mental illnesses
  25. chiropodist  /kɪˈrɒpədɪst/ n.
    a person whose job is the care and treatment of people's feet
  26. paediatrician  ˌ/piːdiəˈtrɪʃn/ n.
    a doctor who studies and treats the diseases of children
  27. gynaecologist /ɡaɪnəˈkɒlədʒɪst/ n.
    a doctor who treats medical conditions anddiseases that affect women and their reproductive organs
  28. reproductive /ˌriːprəˈdʌktɪv/ a.
    • relating to the process of having babies or producing young animals or plants生殖的
    • reproductive organs生殖器官
  29. rheumatology  /ˌruːməˈtɒlədʒi/ n.
    the area of medicine that deals with rheumatism.A doctor who works in this area is called arheumatologist.
  30. rheumatism /ˈruməˌtɪzəm/ n.
    • a disease that makes the muscles and joints painful, stiff and swollen 風濕病
    • She had suffered from rheumatism all her life
  31. specialist n.
    • a person who is an expert in a particular area of work or study 
    • a specialist in Japanese history
  32. alternative n.
    • a thing that you can choose to do or have out of two or more possibilities 兩者擇一
    • Can you suggest an alternative?
  33. hypnotism /ˈhɪpnəˌtɪzəm/ n.=hypnosis
    the practice of hypnotizing a person (= putting them into an unconscious state) 催眠術
  34. reflexology /ˌriflɛkˈsɑlədʒi/ n.
    a type of massage in which a person's hands or feet are rubbed and pressed in order to make other parts of their body more healthy or to helpthem to relax(按摩腳部以鬆弛神經的)反射療法
  35. remedy  /ˈremədi/  n.
    • a cure for pain or a minor illness
    • herbal remedies 草藥
  36. aromatherapy /əˌrəʊməˈθerəpi/ n.
    a health treatment in which oils with a nice smell are rubbed into your skin to make you feel relaxed. Someone who is trained to do aromatherapy is called an aromatherapist.
  37. homeopathy /ˌhoʊmiˈɑpəθi n.
    a system of treating diseases or conditions using very small amounts of the substance that causes the disease or condition類似醫療論
  38. complementary /ˌkɒmplɪˈment(ə)ri/ a.
    • things that are complementary combine well together or look attractive together, often because they have different qualities互補的
    • Yellow and blue are complementary colors .黃與藍是互補色

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