9th Grade World Cultures Renaissance Vocabulary

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yuppitzgio
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265064
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9th Grade World Cultures Renaissance Vocabulary
Updated:
2014-03-04 17:19:44
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world cultures
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Renaissance Vocabulary
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  1. period that followed Middle Ages

    time of renewed interests in things of
    world

    rebirth
    Renaissance
  2. private individuals or companies, not the government, owned businesses
    capitalism
  3. citizens participated in government
    republican
  4. A system of thought and action
    concerned with human interest and value
    Humanism
  5. A soldier who fights primarily for pay
    Mercenary
  6. A form of government in which the
    leader is not a king and certain citizens have the right to vote
    Republic
  7. a member of the middle class who lived in
    a city or town
    burgher
  8. Subjects or skills that were considered
    essential for a person to know in order to take an active part in civic life

    Form today’s liberal arts

    purpose was to produce individuals who
    follow a path of virtue and wisdom
    Liberal studies/education
  9. main focus of Renaissance art
    perspective
  10. Wrote the Prince

    Said one must do whatever on must do to
    get and stay in power
    Niccolo Machiavelli
  11. Father of Italian Renaissance humanism
    Francesco Petrarch
  12. Vernacular other who wrote the Divine Comedy
    Dante Alighieri
  13. Long poem describing soul’s journey to attain Paradise
    Divine Comedy
  14. Known for works written in defense of women

    The Book of the City of Ladies

    Denounced many male writers who had argued that women are unable to learn
    Christine de Pizan
  15. German printer who pioneered the use of movable type
    Johannes Gutenberg
  16. Works included a realistic, free-standing marble figure of George, a Christian saint
    Donatello
  17. Final stage of Italian Renaissance painting
    High Renaissance
  18. Model “Renaissance man”

    Artist, scientist, inventor, visionary

    Mastered art of realistic painting
    Leonardo da Vinci
  19. One of Italy’s best painters

    Numerous madonnas – paintings of Mary, the mother of Jesus

    Well known for frescoes in the Vatican Palace

    Ø  His
    School of Athens
    Raphael Sanzio
  20. Painter, sculptor, architect

    His figures on the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel in Rome depict an ideal type of
    human being with perfect proportions

    Meant to be a reflection of divine beauty; the more beautiful the body, the more godlike the figure
    Michelangelo Buonarroti
  21. Frescoes = 1st masterpieces of Early Renaissance art

    By mastering laws of perspective, he could create the illusion of three
    dimensions, leading to a new, realistic style

    The Tribute Money
    Tommaso di Giovanni (Masaccio)
  22. 14-century Italian painter

    Style focused on depicting human beings and their realities and dramas
    Giotto
  23. Designed
    church of San Lorenzo in Florence

    Rediscovered
    classical principles of linear-perspective construction à helped Renaissance artists create
    realistic imagery
    • Filippo
    • Brunelleschi
  24. an intellectual movement of the Renaissance based on the study of the humanities, which included grammar, rhetoric, poetry, moral philosophy, and history
    humanism
  25. the language of everyday speech in a particular region
    vernacular
  26. painting done on fresh, wet plaster with water-based paints
    fresco
  27. artistic techniques used to give the effect of 3-dimensional depth to 2-dimensional surfaces
    perspective
  28. Flemish painter

    among the first to use the technique of shadowing

    portrayed objects realistically by focusing on their fine details
    Jan van Eyck

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