Endocrine Sysetem

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Author:
glparker86
ID:
265067
Filename:
Endocrine Sysetem
Updated:
2014-03-04 17:35:40
Tags:
Histology
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Description:
Histology
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  1. What vesicle does the pituitary gland arise from ?
    Diencephalon
  2. What is the difference between chromophobes and chromophils ?
    • Chromphobes - do not stain
    • Chromophils - stain
  3. where does the Pars Intermedia develop from ?
    Rathke’s Pouch
  4. What makes up the Pars Anterior / Anterior pituitary ?
    • Pars tuberalis
    • Pars intermedia 
    • Pars distalis
  5. What makes up the posterior pituitary ?
    • infundibular stalk 
    • Pars Nervosa
  6. What are the hormones produced by the Anterior pituitary ?
    "B-FLAT A-PEG"
    • Adrenocorticotropic hormone 
    • Endorphins 
    • Follicle-stimulating hormone 
    • Luteinizing hormone (females),
    • Interstitial Cell Stimulating Hormone(males) 
    • Human growth hormone 
    • Prolactin 
    • Thyroid-stimulating hormone
  7. What does the Thyroid gland do ?
    Controls metabolism
  8. What do the parafollicular cells of the thryoid produce ?
    Calcitonin
  9. What do the chief cells of the parathyroid produce ?
    parathyroid hormone - increases calcium in the blood
  10. In the adrenal gland what are the three zones of the cortex ?
    ZONA GLOMERULOSA – Mineraloc cio (Aldosterone)

    ZONA FASCILCULATA(Glucocorth coic) (Cortisone Cortisol

    ZONA RETICULARIS
  11. What type of stimuli does the pineal gland usually respond to ?  What hormones are released by the gland ?
    External visual stimuli 

    Serotonin , melatonin , pineal peptides
  12. Why is the pineal gland considered a neuroendocrine inducer ?
    because it modifies the function of other endocrine glands
  13. What do the Pinealcytes of the pineal gland produce ?
    Melatonin and serotonin
  14. What are the calcified accretions in the pineal gland called ?
    "Brain sand " Corpora Arenacea

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