A&P Practice Test 2

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Morgan_001
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265096
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A&P Practice Test 2
Updated:
2014-03-04 21:01:19
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skeleton joints
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practice test for test 2 over the skeleton and joints
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  1. The remodeling of bone is a function of which cells?

    Chondrocytes & osteocytes
    Osteoblasts & osteocytes
    Osteoblasts & osteoprogenitor cells
    Osteoblasts & osteoclasts
    Chondroblasts & osteoblasts
    Osteoblasts & osteoclasts
  2. Which of the following bone cell types produces all but 1 of these cell types?

    Osteocytes
    Osteoblasts
    Osteoprogenitor cells
    Osteoclasts
    None of these
    Osteoprogenitor cells
  3. Where within the epiphyseal plate would you expect the dividing cartilage cells to be located?

    Farthest from the shaft
    In the primary ossification center
    Nearest the shaft
    In the marrow cavity
    In the secondary ossification center
    Farthest from the shaft
  4. What classification of bone based on shape is the radius?

    Short
    Long
    Irregular
    Flat
    Sesamoid
    Wormian
    Long
  5. The cell responsible for maintaining the matrix of the bone is the…

    Osteocyte
    Osteoblast
    Osteoclast
    Chondrocyte
    Osteoprogenitor cell
    Osteocyte
  6. What classification of bone based on shape are the carpals?

    Short
    Long
    Irregular
    Flat
    Sesamoid
    Wormian
    Short
  7. The cell responsible for secreting the matrix of the bone is the…

    Osteocyte
    Osteoclast
    Chondrocyte
    Osteoblast
    Osteoprogenitor cell
    Osteoblast
  8. Ossification of the ends of long bones…

    Is a characteristic of intramembranous bone formation
    Involves medullary cavity formation
    Is produced by secondary ossification centers
    Takes twice as long as in the diaphysis
    Is produced by secondary ossification centers
  9. What is the structural unit of compact bone?

    Osseous matrix
    Spongy bone
    Lamellar bone
    The osteon
    None of these
    the osteon
  10. Bones are covered and lined by a protective tissue called the periosteum.  The inner (osteogenic) layer consists primarily of…

    Cartilage and compact bone
    Marrow and osteons
    Osteoblast and osteoclasts
    Chondrocytes and osteocytes
    Osteoblast and osteoclasts
  11. Which of the following bone classifications based on shape does NOT contain any named bones?

    Sutural
    Sesamoid
    Irregular
    Short
    Flat
    Long
    Sutural
  12. Which term describes the expanded ends of a long bone?

    Diaphysis
    Epiphysis
    Metaphysis
    Medullary cavity
    Periosteum
    Epiphysis
  13. What is the maximum number of osteocytes that can be found in a single lacuna?

    1
    2
    3
    4
    5
    1
  14. What is osteoid?

    Hyaline cartilage
    The organic components of bone matrix
    The embryonic bone model
    A cell type that builds bone matrix
    A cell type that resorbs bone matrix
    The organic components of bone matrix
  15. Which of the following bone cell types is the most common in bone?

    Osteocytes
    Osteoblasts
    Osteoprogenitor cells
    Osteoclasts
    None of these
    Osteocytes
  16. The clavicle is a part of which of the following major divisions of the skeleton?

    Appendicular
    Axial
    Appendicular
  17. What do we call the lining of the marrow cavity?

    Endosteum
    Canaliculi
    Osteoblasts
    Osteoclasts
    Lamellae
    Endosteum
  18. Which type of lamellae is found around the entire diaphysis of a long bone?

    Concentric
    Interstitial
    Circumfrential
    None of these
    Circumfrential
  19. Paranasal sinuses are found in which of these facial bones? (Only circle 1)

    Zygomatic
    Inferior Nasal conchae
    Vomer
    Maxillae
    None of these have paranasal sinuses
    Maxillae
  20. Thoracic vertebrae differ from all other vertebrae in that they have…

    No transverse processes
    Facets for attachment of ribs
    Transverse foramina
    No interververtebral discs
    Facets for attachment of ribs
  21. Immoveable joints are …

    Synarthroses
    Diarthroses
    Amphiarthroses 
    None of these
    Synarthroses
  22. Articular cartilage found at the ends of the long bones serves to…

    Attach tendons
    Produce red blood cells
    Provide a smooth surface at the ends of synovial joints
    Form the synovial membrane
    Provide a smooth surface at the ends of synovial joints
  23. Which portion of the fibula articulates with the talus?

    Calcaneus
    Head
    Medial maleolus
    Lateral malleolus
    Lateral malleolus
  24. Which general bone marking term describes a large rounded projection that may be roughened?

    Tuberosity
    Trochanter
    Foramen
    Fissure
    Tubercle
    Epicondyle
    Spine
    Process
    Fossa
    Meatus
    Sinus
    Tuberosity
  25. The sternum is a part of which of the following major divisions of the skeleton?

    Appendicular
    Axial
    Axial
  26. On the basis of structural classification, which joint is held together by fibrous connective tissue?

    Symphysis
    Synchondrosis
    Pivot
    Syndesmosis
    Syndesmosis
  27. Which general bone marking term describes a narrow slit-like opening through a bone?

    Tuberosity
    Spine
    Process
    Foramen
    Trochanter
    Tubercle
    Epicondyle
    Fissure
    Fossa
    Meatus
    Sinus
    Fissure
  28. Connective tissue sacs lined with synovial membranes that act as cushions in places where friction develops are called…

    Menisci
    Bursae
    Ligaments
    Tendons
    Bursae
  29. Which general bone marking term describes a very large, blunt, irregularly shaped process?

    Fissure
    Fossa
    Meatus
    Tuberosity
    Trochanter
    Tubercle
    Epicondyle
    Spine
    Process
    Foramen
    Trochanter
  30. Which of the following statements defines synchondroses?

    Amphiarthrotic joints designed for strength & flexibility
    Interphalangeal joints
    Joints that permit angular movements
    Cartilaginous joints where hyaline cartilage unites the ends of bones
    Cartilaginous joints where hyaline cartilage unites the ends of bones
  31. The shaft of a long bone is properly called the…

    Epiphysis
    Periosteum
    Diaphysis
    Metaphysis
    Compact bone
    Diaphysis
  32. An osteon has…

    A central canal carrying blood vessels
    Concentric lamellae
    Osteocytes in lacunae
    Canaliculi that connect lacunae to the central canal
    All of these
    All of these
  33. The organic portion of matrix is important in providing all of the following EXCEPT…

    Tensile strength
    Hardness
    Ability to resist stretch
    Flexibility
    None of the above make this statement true
    Hardness
  34. Ribs 2-9 articulate with ____ vertebra(e) at ___ points.

    1, 1
    1, 2
    2, 1
    2, 2
    2,2
  35. If a skeleton has a pubic angle of 90° it is…

    Male
    Female
    Unknown gender
    Female
  36. What is the name of the large foramen in the coxal bone which represents the largest foramen in your body?

    Foramen magnum
    Formane ovale
    Obturator foramen
    Coxal foramen
    Ischial foramen
    Obturator foramen
  37. Which tarsal bone articulates with the tibia and fibula?

    Calcaneus
    Talus
    Cuboid
    Navicula
    Intermediate cuneiform
    Talus
  38. Which portion of your longitudinal arch is more elastic to cushion shock and so lies flat to the ground?

    Medial
    Lateral
    Transverse
    None of these
    Lateral
  39. Your teeth fitting into your maxilla is an example of which type of joint?

    Synarthrotic
    Amphiarthrotic
    Diarthrotic
    None of the above
    Synarthrotic
  40. The teeth fitting into the mandible is an example of which type of joint?

    Fibrous joint
    Cartilaginous joint
    Synovial joint
    None of these
    Fibrous joints
  41. Which of the following parts of an osteon is a canal that runs perpendicular to the central canal?

    Haversian canal
    Volkmann’s canal
    Ostogenic canal
    Canaliculi
    Volkmann's canal
  42. The C1 vertebra is also known as the…

    Atlas
    Axis
    Vertebra prominens
    None of these
    Atlas
  43. Fibrous joints are classified as…

    Pivoit, hinge, and ball and socket
    Symphysis, sacroiliac, and articular
    Hinge, saddle, and ellipsoidal
    Sutures, syndesmoses, and gomphoses
    Sutures, syndesmoses, and gomphoses
  44. Which general bone marking term describes rounded articular projection?

    Tuberosity
    Fissure
    Fossa
    Meatus
    Facet 
    Tubercle
    Epicondyle
    Spine
    Process
    Condyle 
    Sinus
    Tubercle
  45. Freely moveable joints are …

    Synarthroses
    Diarthroses
    Amphiarthroses
    None of these
    Diarthroses
  46. A joint united by dense fibrocartilaginous tissue that usually permits a slight degree of movement is a…

    Suture
    Syndesmosis
    Symphysis
    Gomphosis
    Symphysis
  47. The head of the rib articulates with which part of the vertebra?

    Body
    Spinous process
    Transverse process
    Tubercle of vertebra
    None of the above
    Body
  48. The C2 vertebra is also known as the…

    Atlas
    Axis
    Vertebra prominens
    None of these
    Axis
  49. How many phalanges does your ring finger have?

    1
    2
    3
    4
    None of the above
    3
  50. You are currently sitting on which bone of the hip?

    Ilium
    Ischium
    Pubis
    Femur
    Ischium
  51. The acetabulum contains portions of which of the following hip bones?

    Ilium
    Ischium
    Pubis
    All of the above
    None of the above
    All of these
  52. True or False.
    Bone matrix is constantly being remodeled.
    True
  53. What is moving a limb away from the median plane of the body along the frontal plane called?

    Abduction
    Adduction
    Inversion
    Dorsiflexion
    None of these
    Abduction
  54. Rib pairs 8-10 are known by which of the following names?

    Vertebrochondral
    Vertebrosternal
    Vertebral
    None of the above
    Vertebrochondral
  55. T11 & T12…

    Have costal facets on their transverse processes
    Do not have costal facets on their transverse processes
    Do not have any costal facets
    Do not exist
    Do not have costal facets on their transverse processes
  56. The terms inversion and eversion pertain only to the…

    Hands
    Feet
    Arms
    Hands and feet both
    Feet
  57. Which general bone marking term describes a canal-like passageway?

    Tuberosity
    Trochanter
    Foramen
    Fissure
    Fossa


    ab. Tubercle
    ac. Epicondyle
    ad. Spine
    ae. Process
    bc. Meatus
    bd. Sinus
    Meatus
  58. The hip joint is a good example of a(n) ______ synovial joint.

    Nonaxial
    Uniaxial
    Biaxial
    Multiaxial
    Multiaxial
  59. Pointing the toes is an example of…

    Circumduction
    Plantar flexion
    Pronation
    Protraction
    Plantar flexion
  60. How many bones are found in the skull?

    126
    80
    22
    206
    14
    22
  61. Which of the following facial bones of the skull contain paranasal sinuses?

    Sphenoid
    Ethmoid
    Frontal
    Palatine
    Maxilla
    All of the above
    All of the above
  62. The auditory ossicles are located in which skull bone?

    Occipital
    Temporal
    Frontal
    Parietal
    Sphenoid
    Temporal
  63. The canal that runs through the core of each osteon is the site of…

    Yellow marrow and spicules
    Cartilage and interstitial lamellae
    Osteoclasts and osteoblasts
    Blood vessels and nerve fibers
    Blood vessels and nerve fibers
  64. How are thoracic vertebrae 11 & 12 different from the other vertebrae?

    The orientation of the articular processes is different from all other thoracic vertebrae
    The transverse processes do not have facets that articulate with the tubercles of the ribs
    There are 2 foramina on vertebrae 11 & 12
    The spinous processes are directed parallel with the body
    The transverse processes do not have facets that articulate with the tubercles of the ribs
  65. Which bone contains a diaphysis and an epiphysis, a tuberosity near its middle, and contains proportionally more compact than spongy bone?

    Parietal bone
    Talus
    Humerus
    Cervical vertebra
    Humerus
  66. What classification of bone based on shape is the L3 vertebra?

    Short
    Flat
    Sesamoid
    Long
    Irregular
    Wormian
    Irregular
  67. What are the small spaces in bone tissue in which osteocytes live called?

    Lacunae
    Volkmann’s canals
    Haversian canals
    Trabeculae
    Canaliculi
    Lacunae
  68. The process of bones increasing in width is known as…

    Closing of the epiphyseal plate
    Long bones reaching adult length and width
    Appositional growth
    Concentric growth
    Long bones reaching adult length and width
  69. Cranial flat bones develop…

    From cartilage models
    Within fibrous membranes
    From a tendon
    Within osseous membranes
    Within fibrous membranes
  70. In the epiphyseal plate, cartilage grows…

    By pulling the diaphysis toward the epiphysis
    By pushing the epiphysis away from the diaphysis
    From the edges inward
    In a circular fashion
    By pushing the epiphysis away from the diaphysis
  71. Spongy bones are made up of a framework called…

    Osteons
    Lamellar bone
    Trabeculae
    Osseous lamellae
    Canaliculi
    Trabeculae
  72. Osteogenesis is the process of…

    Making a cartilage model of the fetal bone
    Bone destruction to liberate calcium
    Bone formation
    Making collagen fibers for calcified matrix
    Bone formation
  73. Blood cell formation is called…

    Hematopoiesis
    Resporption
    Remodeling
    Endochondrosis
    Hematopoiesis
  74. Which portion of your sternum articulates with rib pairs 2-7?

    Xyphoid process
    Body
    Manubrium
    Body
  75. How many vertebrae fuse to make the average coccyx?

    2-4
    3-5
    4-6
    5-7
    3-5
  76. Which of the following spinal curves are formed before birth (are primary curves)? (only circle 1)

    Cervical
    Thoracic
    Lumbar
    Sacral
    Coccygeal
    A & C
    B & D
    None of the above are correct
    B & D
  77. Rib pairs 1-7 are known by which of the following names?

    Vertebrochondral
    Vertebrosternal
    Vertebral
    None of the above
    Vertebrosternal
  78. Which of the following vertebral classifications has a bifid spinous process (notched)? (only circle 1)

    Cervical
    Thoracic
    Lumbar
    Sacral
    Coccygeal
    A & C
    B & D
    None of the above is correct
    Cervical
  79. Which vertebra is also known as the vertebra prominens?

    C1
    C2
    C3
    C4
    C5
    C6
    C7
    C7
  80. Which portion of your sternum is most superior?

    Xyphoid process
    Body
    Manubrium
    Manubrium
  81. How many rib pairs does the average human male have?

    10
    11
    12
    13
    12
  82. Ribs 1 & 10 articulate with ____ vertebra(e) at ___ points.

    1, 1
    1, 2
    2, 1
    2, 2
    None of these
    1, 2
  83. True or False.
    All diarthrotic joints are cartilaginous joints.
    False
  84. A bone with approximately the same width, length, and height is most likely…

    A short bone
    A sesamoid bone
    A sutural bone
    A flat bone
    An irregular bone
    A short bone
  85. Which type of lamellae surrounds individual osteons?

    Concentric
    Interstitial
    Circumfrential
    None of these
    Concentric
  86. Which type of amphiarthrosis would you classify the distal articulation of the tibia and fibula as since they are connected by ligaments?

    Syndesmosis
    Symphysis
    Gomphosis
    Synchondrosis
    Syntosis
    Syndesmosis
  87. Which of the following is one of the ways in which articular cartilages differ from all other hyaline cartilages?

    They have visible collagen fibers
    They have less water in the matrix
    They lack a perichondrium
    They do not have a matrix
    They have different cells
    They lack a perichondrium
  88. What do you call a pad of fibrocartilage found between articulating surfaces?

    Meniscus
    Articular cartilage
    Capsular pads
    Bursa 
    Fibropad
    Meniscus
  89. Connects the occipital and parietal bones.

    Lambdoid suture
    Sagittal suture
    Squamosal suture
    Coronal suture
    Occipitomastoid suture
    Lambdoid suture
  90. What makes up the axial skeleton?

    Skull, vertebral column, and pelvis
    Arms, legs, hands and feet
    Skull, vertebral column, and rib cage
    Shoulder and pelvic girdles
    Skull, vertebral column, and rib cage
  91. Which of the following bone cell types is a large cell with many nuclei?

    Osteocytes
    Osteoblasts
    Osteoprogenitor cells
    Osteoclasts
    None of these
    Osteoclasts
  92. Which type of lamellae fills in the gaps between adjacent osteons?

    Concentric
    Interstitial
    Circumfrential
    None of these
    Interstitial
  93. The C5 vertebra is also known as the…

    Atlas
    Axis
    Vertebra prominens
    None of these
    None of these
  94. The cell responsible for resorbing the matrix of the bone and releasing minerals is the…

    Osteoclast
    Chondrocyte
    Osteocyte
    Osteoblast
    Osteoprogenitor cell
    Osteoclast
  95. What kind of tissue is the forerunner of long bones in the embryo?

    Elastic connective tissue
    Dense fibrous connective tissue
    Fibrocartilage
    Hyaline cartilage
    Hyaline cartilage
  96. The C7 vertebra is also known as the…

    Atlas
    Axis
    Vertebra prominens
    None of these
    Vertebra prominens
  97. Along with support, the anterior longitudinal ligament of the vertebral column also acts to…

    Hold the discs in place
    Prevent hyperextension of the spine
    Hold the spine erect
    Protect the spinal cord
    Prevent hyperextension of the spine
  98. What is the major function of the intervertebral discs?

    Absorb shock
    String the vertebrae together
    Prevent injuries
    Prevent hyperextension
    Absorb shock
  99. Bone tissue heals faster than cartilage because…

    Cartilage is more vascular than bone
    Bone is more vascular than cartilage
    Chondrocytes work faster than osteocytes
    Osteocytes work faster than chondrocytes
    Bone is heavier than cartilage
    Bone is more vascular than cartilage
  100. What term describes the complete dislocation of a diarthrotic joint?

    Subluxation
    Sprain
    Luxation
    Fracture
    Luxation
  101. The bones named in question 120 are formed in the tendon of which muscle?
    Quadriceps Femoris
  102. What muscles make up your rotator cuff and stabilize the glenohumoral joint?
    • Supraspinatus 
    • Infraspinatus 
    • Teres Minor 
    • Subscapulus

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