Chapter 15 - South East Asia
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Physical Geography of Southeast Asia
How does living along the ring of fire affect daily life of citizens?
It is hard to live along the ring of fire because that's where most of the world's earthquakes and volcanic eruptions happen.
What is one way that island communities can be ready for a tsunami?
If an earthquake strikes don't stay in low areas or near water because tsunamis will often occur after an earthquake.
What are some major natural resources of South East Asia?
Tin, petroleum, natural gas, zinc, gold, fish, nickle, copper, and coal.
What is the Mekong and what is its importance?
The Mekong is Southeast Asia's longest river it twists and turns for about 2,700 miles through or near Myanmar, Thailand, Laos, Cambodia, and Vietnam. It gives Asia productive agricultural water.
What is the climate of this region and what is a monsoon?
The climate is generally hot and humid with much of the region giving more than 60 inches of rain fall each year. Monsoons are winds that bring cooler, drier air to the mainland.
What is found on top of Puncak Jaya and how can it exist near the equator?
Glaciers can be found on top of Puncak Jaya.
History of Southeast Asia
Why is Southeast Asia known as "the crossroads of the world"?
Because is is located among important maritime trade routes.
How was Indonesia affected by the Ice Age?
I don't know because I couldn't find it in the book.
How has India and China influenced this region?
China conquered the Red River delta in the northeast and made Vietnam a province of the Han empire for the next 1000 years, people from India came to Southeast Asia as trades, bringing culture religion and items.
How did Islam come to Malaysia and Indonesia?
Islam reached Southeast Asia as early as 800 AD when traders from the Middle East of Western India traveled the sea route.
Who are the Sultans?
Kings, that ruled over much of the peninsula and the island of Sumatra across the strait.
What did European traders want from Southeast Asia?
They wanted spices such as ginger, cinnamon, cloves, nutmeg, and mace to flavor foods.
How did Southeast Asia come under European rule? What was life like under this rule?
European countries would slowly trickle in conquering other countries. Europeans not only wanted spices but they wanted materials so they set up mines and plantations everywhere to make people work.
The Philippines was the first country in Southeast Asia to lose its European Rule. How did this happen?
After about 400 years under Spain's control the U.S. took control of the colony in 1898 and defeated the Spanish in the Spanish-American war which allowed the Philippians to be part of Asia again.
How was the region affected by WW2?
WW2 gave a rise to nationalism in SE Asia - remember, Japanese credo was that they were liberating Asians from European oppressors. Thus after the war many of those countries fought for their independence and gained it. Unfortunately, dependence political gave way for dependence economical.
Thailand and Myanmar have had numerous Coups over the past 100 years. What is a coup?
Act or move.
Life in Southeast Asia
Why do you think the small island of Java has such a large population?
Volcanic soils make all of the farming soil fertile making it good for farming.
Describe Jakarta and Manila.
Jakarta is the capital of Indonesia, it has a rapid population growth and creates continuous urban chains on cities. Manila is the capital of the Philippines, it is a prime city.
What is the most widely practiced religion of the region?
Buddhism is the most widely practiced religion in the mainland.
What sports are popular in this region?
Many sports are popular in Southeast Asia, some are traditional inside of the region and some not known outside, but some like soccer, badminton, martial arts, and volleyball are popular in both.
Do you think there is a connection between literacy rates and employment rates? Please state why or why not.
Yes, because if you are not able to read you will most likely not be able to be hired, because you needed to be able to read something.
What are substance farming and ecotourism and how do they affect the people of the area?
- Ecotourism - touring natural environments such as forests or coral reefs
- Subsistence Farming - growing food only to feed themselves and family.
How is the environment protected or exploited in this region?
Protecting the environment is another challenge because industries provide an economic boost, but they sometimes exploit the environment in search of tin and other materials.
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