An Evidence Based Approach 1

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An Evidence Based Approach 1
2014-03-17 19:36:05

Psych 1012
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  1. There are four 'continuous' levels of measurement, what are they?
    • Nominal
    • Ordinal
    • Interval
    • Ratio
  2. Inductive Reasoning
    • commences with the specific and goes to the
    • general
  3. Deductive Reasoning
    commence with the general and moves to
  4. Theory
    • a statement of the relationship among variables
    • e.g. tension is aroused when here is a mismatch between a person’s beliefs and
    • actions.
  5. Research Questions and Hypothesis
    • attempt to identify specific relationships
    • between variables in a theory
  6. Research questions
    • addresses theory using a general question e.g.
    • does cognitive dissonance result in increased arousal?
  7. Hypothesis
    • a tentative statement derived from theory that
    • specifies a relationship between concepts; generally, in the form of a
    • prediction e.g. cognitive dissonance will result in increased arousal.
  8. Operationalise
    explicitly defining a way to measure something.
  9. Basic research
    answers fundamental questions about the nature of behaviour. E.g. how does memory work?
  10. Applied research
    • conducted to address issues in which there are
    • practical problems and takes place 'in the real world’, e.g. why are people always late to work.
  11. Cross sectional research
    • descriptive studies where data is collected from
    • one population at only one point in time
  12. Longitudinal research
    • the same group of people observed at different
    • points in time. E.g. the seven up study
  13. Naturalistic observation
    observing behaviour in the real word.

    • Case studies – detailed observation of a single
    • case e.g. person, family.