LAB exam 1- Organs

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  1. Differential WBC percentages of five different types?
    • Neutrophils 60%
    • Lymphocytes 30%
    • Monocytes 6%
    • Eosinophil 3%
    • Basophil 1%
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    neutrophil 60%
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    neutrophil 60%
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    basophil 1%
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    basophil 1%
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    eosinophil 3%
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    eosinophil 3%
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    Lymphocyte 30%
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    Lymphocyte 30%
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    Monocyte 6%
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    Monocyte 6%
  12. HEMATOLOGY-- CBC values
    Hemoglobin
    Hematocrit
    Platelets
    Total WBC
    Diff WBC *the 5 types of WBC, same for m/f*
    Total RBC
    Reticulocyte
    •                MALE ------------- FEMALE
    • Hb:      16g/dl ---------------------14g/dl
    • Hct:     47% -----------------------42%
    • Plets: 300,000/mcl---------------same
    • TotWBC: 5,000-10,000 mcl----- same
    • TotRBC:  5,400,000/mcl--------4,800,000/mcl
    • Retic:     40,000 - 50,000/mcl---same
  13. CBC testing Continued
    What is MCV?
    Mean Corpuscular Volume- measurement of the volume of RBC

    avg is 80-94 fl (femtoliters)
  14. CBC testing Continued
    What is MCH?
    Mean Corpuscular Hemoglobin - the average mass of hemoglobin per red blood cell in a sample

    avg 27-32 pg
  15. CBC testing Continued
    What is MCHC?
    Mean Corpuscular Hemoglobin Concentration - measure of the concentration of hemoglobin in a given volume of packed red blood cells

    avg 32-36 g/dl, or %
  16. CBC testing Continued
    What is ptt?
    Partial Thromboplastin Time- looks at how long it takes for blood to clot. Avg 28-34 secs

    used to monitor heparin theraoy
  17. CBC testing Continued 
    What is pt?
    Prothrombin Time - measures the time it takes for the plasma clot. Avg 10-12 secs

    used to monitor coumadin
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    lung (lace)
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    Lung (lace)
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    kidney (raspberry w/ cream layer--tubes)
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    KIDNEY  (raspberry WITH cream layer --tubes)
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    kidney (raspberry w/ cream layer--tubes)
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    liver
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    Liver
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    liver
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    pancreas (raspberry NO CREAM, no tubes)
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    pancreas (raspberry NO CREAM, no tubes)
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    pancreas (raspberry NO CREAM, no tubes)
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    pancreas (raspberry NO CREAM, no tubes)
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    stomach
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    stomach
  32. Hemoglobin
    • male- 16 g/dL
    • female- 14 g/dL
  33. Hematocrit
    • male- 47%
    • female- 42%
  34. Total RBC count
    • male- 5,400,000 mcl
    • female- 4,800,000 mcl
  35. Platelets
    300,000 mcl
  36. Total WBC Count
    5,000 - 10,000 mcl
  37. Reticulocyte
    40,000 - 50,000 mcl
  38. ptt test?
    • partial thromboplastin time
    • (blood clotting, avg 28-34secs)
  39. pt test?
    • prothrombin time
    • (plasma clotting, avg 10-12 secs)
  40. BUN
    blood urea nitrogen---- KIDNEY test

    • measures the amt of nitrogen in your blood that comes from the waste product
    • urea. Urea is made when protein is broken down it's made in the liver and excreted thru urine.
  41. FVC
    forced vital capacity
  42. creatinine test, indicative of what organ?
    indicative of KIDNEY function
  43. peak flow
    breathing test
  44. List solutes that are ABNORMAL in urine
    • glucose
    • ketones
    • proteins
    • blood
    • hemoglobin
    • nitrate (excess bacteria)
    • WBC esterase (inflammation)
    • >100,000/ml of bacteria
    • waxy casts
    • granular casts
  45. TV, ERV, IRV = VC

    RV
    • tidal vol. 500ml
    • Expiratory vol. 1,000ml
    • Inspiratory vol. 3,000ml

    residual vol. 1,000ml
  46. avg urine vol?
    specific gravity?
    osmolarity?
    pH?
    • 1,000-2,000ml /24hrs
    • 1.003 -- 1.030
    • (low=watery, high=not watery)
    • 50-1200 mOsm/L
    • Avg 6 (4.5-8)
  47. ABNORMAL solutes in urine
    • Glucose (hyperglycemia)
    • Ketones (starving, diabetes mellitiis)
    • Proteins
    • Blood (disease or trauma)
    • Hemoglobin (hemolysis)
    • Nitriuria
    • WBC esterase
    • Waxy casts, granular casts
    • > 100,000 ml of bacteria
  48. NORMAL solutes in urine
    • water
    • urea
    • chloride, sodium, potassium
    • creatinine
    • uric acid
    • phosphates, sulphates, calcium, magnesium
    • Bicarbonate (but not usually)
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Card Set
LAB exam 1- Organs
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Wbc, RBC, heart kidney, organs
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