APUSH 15-22

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APUSH 15-22
2014-03-06 12:42:15

APUSH chapters 15-22 flash cards
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  1. Presidential Reconstruction Plan
    Lincoln's and Johnson's plan to bring both the north and south back to the way they were before the Civil War.
  2. Proclamation of Amnesty and Reconstruction
    outlined Lincoln's plan for reunion and reconstruction
  3. Wade-Davis Bill
    written by Radical Republicans Benjamin Wade and Henry Winter Davis

    proposed plan for reconstruction
  4. Andrew Johnson
    17th president

    plan for reconstruction

    only southern senator to stay in the senate
  5. Freedman's Bureau
    aided distressed freed slaves during reconstruction period
  6. Black Codes
    laws passed in southern states that restricted the freedoms of the blacks and encouraged them to work and receive low wages
  7. Congressional (Radical) Reconstruction
    wanted emancipation and reconstruction that benefited the blacks
  8. Radical Republicans
    a faction of the republican party that opposed slavery and distrusted ex-confederates.
  9. Charles Sumner
    involved in emancipation, reconstruction, and civil rights
  10. Thaddeus Stephens

    involved in reconstruction
  11. Benjamin Wade
    radical republican
  12. Civil Rights Act of 1866
    Protect rights of African Americans after Civil War
  13. Fourteenth Amendment
    equal protection

    child born in the U.S. is a U.S. citizen
  14. Reconstruction Acts
    4 acts

    confederate states to be readmitted into the Union
  15. Tenure of Office Act
    law enacted to restrict power of the president by not allowing him to remove certain office holders without the approval of the senate
  16. Edwin Stanton
    Lincoln's secretary of war

    used his management to help lead union troops to victory
  17. impeachment
    the act of removing a federal office holder from their office
  18. Fifteenth Amendment
    prohibits federal and state governments from denying a citizens right to vote
  19. scalawags
    southern whites who supported reconstruction and the republican party
  20. carpetbaggers
    northerners who moved south during the reconstruction era
  21. Blanche K. Bruce
    first black senator to serve a full term
  22. Hiram Revels
    minister in African Methodist Episcopal Church

    senator and congressman
  23. sharecropping
    land owner allows tenant to use land in return for share of crops produced
  24. spoilsmen
    a person who seeks profit from the spoils system
  25. patronage
    granting favors, giving contracts, or making appointments to office in return for political support.
  26. Jane Addams
    created the Hull House
  27. Frank L. Baum
    created the Wizard of Oz
  28. Catharine Beecher
    was a proponent of Victorian Morality
  29. Edward Bellamy
    wrote Looking Backwards
  30. William Jennings Bryan
    "Cross of Gold" speech
  31. Andrew Carnegie
    critic of imperialism and the Spanish American War
  32. Carrie Chapman Catt
    President of the National American Women's Suffrage Association
  33. Anthony Comstock
    New York Society for the Suppression of Vice
  34. Leon Czolgosz
    assassinated President McKinley
  35. Herbert Croly
    wrote newspaper The New Republic
  36. Eugene V. Debbs
    president of the American Railway Union
  37. John Dewey
    Education Reform
  38. Theodore Dreiser
    wrote The Financier
  39. W.E.B. DuBois
    wrote The Souls of Black Folk
  40. William Lloyd Garrison
    wrote The Liberator
  41. Washington Gladden
    Social Gospel Movement
  42. Samuel Gompers
    American Federation of Labor
  43. Oliver Wendell Holmes
    First Progressive Supreme Court Justice
  44. William James
    wrote "Pragmatism"
  45. Samuel "Golden Rule" Jones
    reform mayor of Toledo, Ohio
  46. Scott Joplin
    wrote "Maple Leaf Rag"
  47. Florence Kelley
    National Consumers' League/ labor reform
  48. Rudyard Kipling
    wrote The White Man's Burden
  49. Robert LaFollette
    Wisconsin Political Reformer
  50. Mary Lease
    Farmer's Alliance
  51. Henry Cabot Lodge
    supported immigration restrictions
  52. Alfred Thayer Mahan
    wrote Influence of Sea Power Upon History
  53. J.P. Morgan
    US Steel
  54. Frederick Law Olmstead
    Designer of city parks
  55. Alice Paul
    Congressional Union Party/ Women's Party
  56. Jacob Riis
    wrote How the Other Half Lives
  57. Margaret Sanger
    birth control advocate
  58. Lincoln Steffens
    wrote Shame of the Cities
  59. Ida Tarbell
    wrote History of Standard Oil
  60. Frederick Jackson Turner
    wrote Frontier Thesis
  61. William Tweed
    boss of Tammany Hall
  62. Robert Wagner
    reformed NY state labor laws
  63. Booker T. Washington
    created the Tuskegee Institute
  64. Ida B. Wells
    spoke out against lynching
  65. Frank Lloyd Wright
    modernist architect
  66. Jay Gould
    leading American railroad developer and speculator
  67. Credit Mobilier
    scandal involving Union Pacific Railroad and Credit Mobilier of America construction company

    in relation to building of eastern part of first transcontinental railroad
  68. William Tweed
    boss of Tammany Hall
  69. Thomas Nast
    German immigrant

    "Father of the American Cartoon"
  70. Liberal Republicans
    short lived third party of 1872 that attempted to curb Grant administration corruption
  71. Horace Greely
    Colorful, eccentric newspaper editor who carried the liberal republicans and the democrat banners against Grant in 1872
  72. Panic of 1873
    financial crisis that triggered depression in North America and Europe

  73. Greenbacks
    paper currency issued by the federal government that had no gold or silver backing it
  74. Redeemers
    white democrats who used political power to oppress black community
  75. Ku Klux Klan
    whit supremacist society that was originally founded as a social club by former confederate soldiers after the civil war
  76. Force Acts
    government forbid the use of force or terror to prohibit someone from voting because of their race
  77. Amnesty Act of 1872
    removed the last of the restrictions on former confederates except for the leaders

    allowed southern conservatives to vote for democrats to retake control of congress
  78. Rutherford B. Hayes
    Governor of Ohio nominated by the republicans for the election of 1876
  79. Samuel J. Tilden
    Democratic nominee for the presidential election of 1876
  80. Compromise of 1877
    imbalance in number of popular votes

    Hayes to become president under the conditions that he must immediately remove federal support for the republicans in the south and support the building of the transcontinental railroad
  81. Comstock Lode
    richest known U.S. deposit of silver ore
  82. Chinese Exclusion Act
    Suspended Chinese immigration
  83. cattle drivers
    cowboys leading large herds of cattle north
  84. cowboys
    a hired man who tends to cattle and performs many of his duties on horseback  
  85. barbed wire
    Joseph Glidden's cheaper way to make fencing
  86. Great Plains
    the frontier that was settled by thousands during the homestead act of 1862
  87. Oklahoma Territory
    A territory that was once set aside for use by Native Americans that was thrown open for settlement in 1889
  88. Frederick Jackson Turner
    Frontier Thesis
    argued that 300 years of frontier experience played a fundamental role in shaping the unique character of American society
  89. Indian Reservations
    large tracts of land assigned to plains tribes with definite boundaries
  90. Indian Wars
    Sporadic outbursts of fighting between U.S. troops and plains people
  91. Sitting Bull
    A leader in the Red River War against the Comanche and a second Sioux war
  92. Crazy Horse
    a leader in the Red River War against the Comanchs, and a second Sioux War
  93. George Custer
    A commander that was defeated by the Sioux Indians at Little Big Horn in 1876
  94. Little Big Horn
    battle between the Sioux Indians and U.S. troops that resulted in U.S. defeat in 1876
  95. Chief Joseph
    A man who led a band of Nez Perce Indians into Canada.  The effort was ended in defeat and surrender in 1877
  96. Helen Hunt Jackson
    Author of the book: A Century of Dishonor
  97. Dawes Severalty Act
    A new approach designed to break up tribal organizations.  New policy proved a failure
  98. Ghost Dance
    The last effort of Native americans to resis U.s. domination and drive whites from their ancestral lands, came through as a religious movement
  99. Wounded Knee
    A massacre in which over 200 Native American Men, women, and children were gunned down by the U.S. Army in the Dakotas.  Marked the end of the Indian wars.
  100. Indian Reorganization Act
    An act that promoted the reestablishment of tribal organization and culture
  101. New South
    The vision of some southerners of a self-sufficient Southern economy built on modern capitalist values, industrial growth, and improved transportation
  102. crop lien system
    The borrowing of supplies by farmers from local merchants with a lien, or mortgage on their crops to be paid at harvest
  103. George Washington Carver
    An African American scientist at Tuskegee Institute in Alabama, who promoted the growing of such crops as peanuts, sweet potatoes, and soybeans
  104. Tuskegee Institute
    A scientific institute in Alabama
  105. Farmer's Southern Alliance
    An organization that rallied behind political reforms to solve the farmer's economic problems
  106. Colored Farmer's National Alliance
    An organization for colored farmers who rallied behind political reforms to solve the farmers' economic problems
  107. segregation laws
    laws created by the reedemers in order to treat African Americans as social inferiors by separating them from whites in public facilities
  108. Civil Rights Cases of 1883
    A case in which the court ruled that Congress could not legislate against the racial descrimination practiced by private citizens, which included railroads, hotels, and other businesses used by the public
  109. Plessy v. Ferguson
    A landmark case in which the Supreme Court upheld a Louisiana law requiring "separate but equal accommodations" for white and black passengers on railroads.  The court ruled that the Louisiana law did not violate the 14th ammendment's guarantee of "equal protection of the laws"
  110. Jim Crow Laws
    A wave of segregation laws
  111. grandfather clause
    made it impossible for anyone to vote who didnt have a grandfather who had placed ballots in elections before reconstruction
  112. poll tax
    a tax on voting making it impossible for poor people to vote
  113. literacy test
    a literacy test required in order to be able to vote

    made it impossible for poorly educated blacks and immigrants to vote
  114. Henry Turner
    a bishop who formed the International Migration Society in 1894 to help American blacks emigrate to Africa
  115. Ida B. Wells
    Editor of the Memphis Free Speech, a black newspaper
  116. Booker T. Washington
    former slave who graduated from Hampton Institute.  

    He established an agricultural school in Tuskegee Alabama
  117. National Negro Business League
    a league which established 320 chapters across the country to support business owned and operated by African American
  118. Grange Movement/ Grangers
    Organized by Oliver H. Kelley primarily as a social and educational organization for farmers and their families.  Took political action to defend members against middlemen, trusts, and railroads.
  119. Granger Laws
    laws that regulated the rates charges by railroads and elevators. 

    Made it illegal for railroads to fix prices by means of pools and give rebates
  120. Munn v. Illinois
    Supreme Court upheld right of a state to regulate business of a public nature such as railroads
  121. Wabash v. Illinois
    Supreme Court ruled that individual states could not regulate interstate commerce
  122. Interstate Commerce Act
    Required all railroad rated to be reasonable and just. 

    Set up first federal regulatory agency, the Interstate Commerce Commision
  123. farmers' alliances
    Alliances formed in different states and regions to serve farmers' needs for education in the latest scientific methods as well as for organized economic and political action
  124. Ocala Platform
    A platform that supported direct election of U.S. senators, lowered tariff rates, set a graduated income tax, and created a new banking system regulated by the federal government
  125. Consolidation of Railroads
    uniformity, new technology, price fixing, monopolies, improved transportation lowers prices, time zones, government regulation of business
  126. Vanderbilt

  127. Gould

    watering stock
  128. Carnegie
  129. J.P. Morgan


    keeps country from going bankrupt
  130. Rockefeller
    Standard oil

  131. Sherman anti-trust act
    • "Combinations in restraint of trade"
    • - price fixing, monopoly

  132. U.S. v. E. C. Knight
    - weakened sherman anti-trust act

    • SC rules narrowly
    • - manufacturing is not commerce
  133. U.S. v. swift
    Manufacturing is part of a stream of commerce
  134. Advertising
    Attract customers

    brand loyalty

    sell overstock
  135. South slow to industrialize
    Lack of capital

    lack of education


    lack of cities/lack of labor
  136. Urban growth
    Immigrants -11 million

    farms to cities/ economic opportunity
  137. Challenges to Immigration
    South europe - spain, italy, greece, balkans

    eastern europe- russia, jews
  138. Challenges
    • Ellis island - medical inspection
    • employment opportunities (low skill jobs only)
    • dangerous voyage
    • language barrier
    • nativism
    • ethnic communities
  139. Slums
    • Crowded
    • poor accomidations
    • pollution
    • high infant mortality
    • crime
    • fire
  140. Department store
    One stop shopping
  141. Higher education
    • Sports
    • coed education
    • better training for doctors
    • expansion of higher ed private colleges
  142. Leisure time
    • Need for social distraction from factory life
    • disposable income
    • artificial light
  143. Twain -Dreiser
    • Realism
    • popular fiction
  144. Wright
    • Modernism
    • architecture
  145. Gilded age reform movements
    • Labor
    • socialism
    • poverty morality
    • NY children's aid society
  146. Labor movement
    Wages and hours
  147. Socialism
    • Gov't should own business
    • share profit
  148. Poverty morality
    • Poverty was a result of a person's immorality
    • jacob Riis - how the other half lives
  149. NY Children's Aid Society
  150. Rebates
    Discounts issued by railroad companies