LANGUAGE ART 8
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WHICH IS SINGULAR AND WHICH IS PLURAL?
WHICH IS SINGULAR WHICH IS PLURAL?
WHEN YOU HAVE A QUOTATION AND IT ENDS YOUR SENTENCE, WHERE DOES THE PERIOD GO?
INSIDE THE QUOTE.
25. He said, “ I guess I needed to measure myself against an outstanding person so I would know how much I still need to learn.”
DEFINE CONJUNCTIVE ADVERB.
HOWEVER, INDEED, FINALLY, HENCE, NEXT, THUS, ALSO, STILL, OTHERWISE, ACCORDING, INDEED, LIKEWISE, FINALLY, SUBSEQUENTLY, FURTHERMORE.
MC ; CONJUNCTIVE ADVERB , MC
WHAT IS AN ANAGRAM FOR THE COORDINATING CONJUNCTIONS?
- F = for
- A = and
- N = nor
- B = but
- O = or
- Y = yet
- S = so
Recognize a coordinating conjunction when you see one.
DEFINE Difference between coordination and subordination.
- Coordinating conjunction (FANBOYS) when you want to give equal emphasis to two main clauses.
- USE COMMA BEFORE IT.
- Subordination, however, emphasizes the idea in the main clause more than the one in the subordinate clause.
- ONLY USE COMMA IF PLACED BEFORE THE MAIN CLAUSE.
IF THE STRUCTURE IS MC SC THEN DO NOT USE COMMA.
DEFINE COMMA SPLICE AND HOW FIX THEM.
- A comma splice occurs when two independent clauses are connected with only a comma.
- SO IF YOU DON'T SEE A COMMA, IT'S A RUN OFF SENTENCE!
1. MAKE THE 2 CLAUSES TWO SEPARATE SENTENCES.
2. USE A CONJUNCTIVE ADVERB. (;
3. USE A COMMA AND A COORDINATING CONJUNCTION (,
- 4. SUBORDINATE ONE MAIN CLAUSE TO THE OTHER.
- (MAKE ONE SENTENCE MODIFY THE OTHER OR HAVE ONE CLAUSE LOOK LIKE A Q AND HAVE THE SUB CLAUSE ANSWER IT.) EX: BECAUSE X, Y
- 5. USE A SEMICOLON. ONLY IF THE TWO CLAUSES ARE VERY CONNECTED IN THEIR IDEA. OR IF A COMMA IS USED IN THE SENTENCES.
- EX: Music was a part of the meal as well; sometimes just instruments but often singers, too, would entertain the crowd
PLACE COMMAS WHERE NEEDED.
November 11 1918 the armistice ending World War I was signed.
November 11, 1918, the armistice ending World War I was signed.
TAKE HOME: COMMA AFTER THE YEAR!!
IS IT OK TO PLACE A COMMA AFTER A COORDINATING CONJUNCTIONS?
YES. ONLY WHEN A PHASE OR CLAUSE AFTER IT IS UTILIZING IT.
EX: The foundations of the house had been poured, but, to his disappointment, nothing else had been done because of the carpenters' strike.
I realized at once that something was wrong I was not, however, the only person who was concerned.
I realized at once that something was wrong; I was not, however, the only person who was concerned.
TAKE HOME: JUST BECAUSE YOU SEE CONJUNCTIVE ADVERB DO NOT MEAN YOU PUT A SEMICOLON IN FRONT OF IT.
Commas between Coordinate Adjectives.
WHAT THE HELL ARE THEY?
WHAT IS THE 2 PART TEST?
Coordinate adjectives are adjectives that appear in sequence with one another to modify the same noun.
For example, the adjectives in the phrases bright, sunny day and dark and stormy night are coordinate adjectives.
Coordinate adjectives are usually separated with either commas or and, and and always comes before the final adjective.
- TO TEST IF A COMMA IS NEEDED:
- First, we try placing the word and between the two adjectives.
Second, we reverse them.
If, in both instances, the resulting phrase still sounds appropriate, we are most likely dealing with coordinate adjectives and should use a comma between them.
T OR F
IS THE WORD ALTHOUGH A CONJUNCTIVE ADVERB?
SO DO NOT USE A SEMICOLON BEFORE IT OR A COMMA AFTER IT.
Isabel enjoys the museum although she cannot afford the entrance fee.
Explanation: Do not use a comma when an independent (strong) clause comes before a dependent (weak) clause.
"Isabel enjoys the museum" is the strong clause. The weak clause is "although she cannot afford the entrance fees."
Paul Simon sang, "I am a rock, I am an island."
WHY IS THIS WRONG?
Use a semicolon in place of a period between two independent clauses.
WHAT IS STATED IS A COMMA SPLICE!
THE CORRECT WAY WOULD BE:
Paul Simon sang, "I am a rock; I am an island."
When an independent clause precedes a dependent clause do you use a comma?
- Please contact me if you have any questions.
When an independent clause precedes a dependent clause, do not use a comma.
- "Please contact me" is the independent clause.
- The dependent clause is "if you have any questions."
T OR F
OMIT A COMMA WHEN:
THE DATE IS REVERSED.
NO COMPLETE DATE IS GIVEN.
ONLY THE MONTH AND YEAR ARE GIVEN.
The elections will be held on the first Tuesday of November 2008.
- THIS IS CORRECT!
- NOTICE NO COMMA.
IS THIS CORRECT OR NOT?
"The elections will be held on the first Tuesday of November 2008."
IT IS CORRECT!
No commas are needed because no complete dates are given.
IS THIS CORRECT?
FOCUS ON COMMAS.
The elections will be held on Tuesday, November 4, 2008, and the polls will be kept open until 8:00 p.m
YES, YES IT IS.
Commas are used with complete dates to separate the day of the week from the month, after the day of the month, as well as after the year.
YOU HAVE A LIST.
YOU CAN USE A COLON, SEMICOLON HOW DO YOU KNOW?
IS WHEN A WORD
INTRODUCES THE LIST OR OTHER PUNCTUATION IS PRESENT.
EX:I need to locate four states on the map; namely
, Minnesota, Michigan, California, and Nevada.
- COLON ONLY WHEN IT'S A LIST.
- CAMP HAS A LOT OF FUN THINGS: SWIM, BOAT, AND CRAFT.
T OR F
When a subsequent sentence explains something in the sentence prior, introduce it with a colon and do not capitalize the first word of the new sentence.
This is the point that Einstein made: you cannot fix a problem with the problem.
NOTE: ONE CAN CAPITALIZE THE FIRST WORD AFTER THE COLON, BUT BE CONSISTENT THOUGHT THE COMPOSITION.
WHICH IS CORRECT:
Our philosophy teacher thinks...
Our Philosophy teacher thinks
Our philosophy teacher thinks.. IS RIGHT
IT'S A GENERAL TEACHER, NOT A SPECIFIC ONE ( OUR PHI 631 TEACHER OR PHI 631)
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