Psych exam 2 mod 10-12

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Psych exam 2 mod 10-12
2014-03-08 17:34:45
Psych exam mod 10 12

Psych exam 2 mod 10-12
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  1. Cognition
    All the mental activities associated with thinking, knowing, remembering, and communicating.
  2. Sensorimotor
    • 0-2
    • sensory impressions
    • motor activities
    • senses an actions through looking, hearing, touching, mouthing, and grasping.
    • object permanence develops
    • stranger anxiety
  3. Preperational
    • 2-6
    • Pretend play
    • During the child learns to use language but does not yet comprehend the mental operations of concrete logic.
  4. Concrete operational
    • 6/7-11
    • During which children gain the mental operations that enable them to think logically about concrete events.
    • Conservation skills develop (da cups)
    • mathematical ability develops
  5. Formal operational
    • 12+
    • People begin to think logically about abstract concepts
  6. Object permanence
    awareness that objects continue to exist when not perceived
  7. Conservation
    (concrete) that properties such as mass, volume, and number remain the same despite changes in the forms of objects
  8. Harry Harlow studies on attachment
    Contradicts attachment derives from an association with nourishment.
  9. Stranger anxiety
    A newly emerging ability to evaluate people as familiar and possibly threatening helps protect babies 8 months and older.
  10. Attachment
    An emotional tie with another person, shown in young children bu their seeking closeness to the caregiver and showing distress on separation
  11. Erik Erickson theory
    Each stage of life has it's own psychological task, a crisis that needs resolution.
  12. Identity
    Our sense of self; according to Erikson, the adolescent's task is to solidify a sense of self by testing and integrating various roles.
  13. Social Identity
    the "we" aspect of our self-concept; the past of our answer to "Who am!?" that comes from our group memberships.
  14. Intimacy
    In Erickson's theory, the ability to form close, loving relationships; a primary developmental task in late adolescence and early adulthood.
  15. Emerging adulthood
    For some people in the modern cultures a period from the late teens to mid-twenties, bridging the gap between adolescent dependence and full independence and responsible adulthood.
  16. Infancy
    Trust vs. Mistrust
  17. Toddlerhood
    Autonomy vs. Shame and doubt
  18. Preschool
    Initiative vs. Guilt
  19. Elementary
    Competence vs. Inferiority
  20. Adolesense physical changes
    • puberty ( period of sexual maturation during which a person becomes capable of reproducing )
    • cognitive development
    • formal operational stage morals reasoning
  21. Adolensence
    • Identity vs. Role confusion
    • Sense of self who am I?
    • if were able to resolve role reversion.
  22. Young adulthood
    • Intimacy vs. Isolation
    • Forming close relationships
    • intimacy develops after an identity is established
    • independence from parents
    • relating to parents as other adults
  23. Middle adulthood
    Gererativity  vs. Stagnation
  24. Late Adulthood/later life
    • Integrity vs. Despair 
    • Feeling life that life has been meaningful and worthwhile without regrets
  25. Physical Ability
    Peak during early aduthood
  26. Later adulthood 40+ physical changes
    • menopause (females/ pmf)
    • reaction times slow
    • sensory abilities change
    • normal memory loss
    • some older people will suffer from Alzheimer  (loss of cognitive abilities depletion of acetylcholine in cortex)
  27. Empty Nest
    Usually a happy place
  28. Later Adulthood: Social life
    • 2 major aspects of adult life
    • work and relationships
    • older age = higher life satisfaction
    • as we age our self-concept becomes more positive