Deformational Plagiocephaly

Card Set Information

Author:
dmshaw9
ID:
265475
Filename:
Deformational Plagiocephaly
Updated:
2014-03-07 18:07:30
Tags:
Deformational Plagiocephaly
Folders:
NM2
Description:
NM2
Show Answers:

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview

The flashcards below were created by user dmshaw9 on FreezingBlue Flashcards. What would you like to do?


  1. Deformational Plagiocephaly
    Results from the inability of an otherwise normal malleable cranial complex to grow symmetrically either as result of intrauterine constraint and/or postnatal positioning
  2. Common Types
    • Brachycephaly: short, flattening, wide
    • Dolichocephaly: long (a.k.a. scaphocephaly)
    • Deformational Plagiocephaly: flat, asymmetric
  3. Five Stages of Occipital Plagiocephaly
    • Type 1: restricted to back of skull, posterior asymmetry
    • Type 2: adds malposition to affected ear
    • Type 3: adds forehead deformity (frontal asymmetry)
    • Type 4: adds malar deformity (facial deformity, orbital dystopia)
    • Type 5: adds attempt of brain to decompress vertically or temporally (temporal bossing or posterior vertical cranial growth)
  4. Stages of Brachycephaly
    • Type 1: central posterior skull
    • Type 2: widening of posterior skull lateral to central depression
    • Type 3: attempts to decompress the brain w/ temporal or vertical skull growth
  5. Presentation of an Infant w/ Deformational Plagiocephaly
    • Asymmetrical posterior flattening
    • Anterior & inferior ear shift
    • Forehead bossing on side of flattening
    • Cheek asymmetry
    • Jaw asymmetry (chin deviates to opp side)
    • Open cranial sutures
  6. Other Causes of Persistent Cranial Abnormality
    • Craniosynostosis
    • Demineralization bone disorders
    • Depressed skull fracture
    • Tumor or hydrocephaly
    • Microcephaly
  7. Plagiocephaly Risk Factors
    • Positional preference
    • Non-varying sleep position
    • Diapering and feeding from same side
    • Decreased tummy time
    • In utero constraint
    • Torticollis or cervical imbalance
  8. Possible Outcomes for Children w/ Plagiocephaly
    • Jaw Dysfunction
    • Visual Field Constriction
    • Impaired Auditory Processing
    • Otitis Media
    • Asymmetry/Flatting of Posterior Bran & Cerebellar Vermis
    • Shortening of Corpus Callosum

What would you like to do?

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview