EMS Exam 1 Vocab

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Scott57
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265600
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EMS Exam 1 Vocab
Updated:
2014-04-17 10:30:01
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EMR
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Section 1 of EMR Class
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  1. A person who is able to perform basic life support skills and limited advanced life support skills.
    advanced emergency medical technician (AEMT)
  2. The use of specialized equipment such as cardiac monitors, defibrillators, intravenous fluids, drug infusion, and endotracheal intubation to stabilize a patient's condition.
    advanced life support (ALS)
  3. A hospital with adequate medical resources to provide continuing care to sick or injured patients who are transported after field treatment by EMRs.
    appropriate medical facility
  4. Emergency lifesaving procedures performed without advanced emergency procedures to stabilize the conditions of patients who have experienced sudden illness or injury.
    basic life support (BLS)
  5. Delivery of an electric current through a person's chest wall and heart for the purpose of ending lethal heart rhythms such as ventricular fibrillation.
    defibrillation
  6. The first medically trained person to arrive on the scene.
    emergency medical responder (EMR)
  7. A person who is trained and certified to provide basic life support and certain other noninvasive prehospital medical procedures.
    emergency medical technician (EMT)
  8. A fire, police, or EMS agency; a 9-1-1 center; or a seven-digit telephone number used by one or all of the emergency agencies to receive and dispatch requests for emergency care.
    emergency response communications center or public safety answering point (PSAP)
  9. Persons trained and certified to provide advanced life support.
    paramedics
  10. The fifth stage of the grief process, when the person experiencing grief recognizes the finality of the grief-causing event.
    acceptance
  11. The second stage of the grief process, when the person experiencing grief becomes upset or angry at the grief-causing event or other situation.
    anger
  12. The third stage of the grief reaction, when the person experiencing grief barters to change the grief-causing event.
    bargaining
  13. A system of psychological support designed to reduce stress on emergency personnel after a major stress-producing incident.
    critical incident stress debriefing (CISD)
  14. The first stage of a grief reaction, when the person experiencing grief rejects the grief-causing event.
    denial
  15. The fourth stage of the grief reaction, when the person expresses despair—an absence of cheerfulness and hope—as a result of the grief-causing event.
    depression
  16. Stress counselors at the scene of stressful incidents help to deal with stress reduction.
    on-scene peer support
  17. Microorganisms that are capable of causing disease.
    pathogens
  18. Training about stress and stress reactions conducted for public safety personnel before they are exposed to stressful situations.
    preincident stress education
  19. An infection control concept that treats all body fluids as potentially infectious.
    standard precautions
  20. Failure of the emergency medical responder to continue emergency medical treatment until relieved by someone with the same or higher level of training.
    abandonment
  21. A legal document that indicates what a person wants done if they cannot make their own medical decisions. Advance directives include living wills and durable power of attorney for health care.
    advance directive
  22. Able to make rational decisions about personal well-being.
    competent
  23. Blood settling to the lowest point of the body after death, causing discoloration of the skin.
    dependent lividity
  24. A written request giving permission to medical personnel not to attempt resuscitation in the event of cardiac arrest.
    do not resuscitate (DNR) order
  25. A legal document that allows a patient to designate another person to make medical decisions for them if they are unable to make decisions for themselves.
    durable power of attorney for health care
  26. An emergency medical responder's legal responsibility to respond promptly to an emergency scene and provide medical care (within the limits of training and available equipment).
    duty to act
  27. Consent actually given by a person authorizing the emergency medical responder to provide care or transportation.
    expressed consent
  28. Laws that encourage individuals to voluntarily help an injured or suddenly ill person by minimizing the liability for any errors or omissions in rendering good faith emergency care.
    Good Samaritan laws
  29. Consent to receive emergency care that is assumed because the individual is unconscious, underage, or so badly injured or ill that he or she cannot respond.
    implied consent
  30. A legal document that states the types of medical care a person wants or wants withheld if they are unable to make their own treatment decisions. Sometimes called a do not resuscitate (DNR) order.
    living will
  31. Deviation from the accepted standard of care resulting in further injury to the patient.
    negligence
  32. The manner in which an individual must act or behave when giving care.
    standard of care
  33. A powerful two-way radio that is permanently mounted in a communications center.
    base station
  34. A device used to send or receive printed text documents or images over a telephone or radio system.
    fax machine
  35. A computer terminal mounted in a vehicle that sends and receives data through a radio communication system.
    mobile data terminal (MDT)
  36. A two-way radio that is permanently mounted in a vehicle such as a police car or fire truck.
    mobile radio
  37. Communications systems used to send voice or text messages over a radio system to specially designed radio receivers.
    paging systems
  38. A hand-held, battery-operated, two-way radio.
    portable radio
  39. A radio system that automatically retransmits a radio signal on a different frequency.
    repeater
  40. A process in which electronic signals are transmitted and received by radio or telephone; commonly used for sending ECG tracings.
    telemetry
  41. The front surface of the body.
    anterior
  42. The gas formed in respiration and exhaled in breathing.
    carbon dioxide
  43. A tough, elastic form of connective tissue that covers the ends of most bones to form joints; also found in some specific areas such as the nose and the ears.
    cartilage
  44. That portion of the spinal column consisting of the seven vertebrae located in the neck.
    cervical spine
  45. The heart and blood vessels, which together are responsible for the continuous flow of blood throughout the body.
    circulatory system
  46. The tailbone; the small bone below the sacrum formed by the final four vertebrae.
    coccyx
  47. A muscular dome that separates the chest from the abdominal cavity. Contraction of the diaphragm and the chest wall muscles brings air into the lungs; relaxation expels air from the lungs.
    diaphragm
  48. The gastrointestinal tract (stomach and intestines), mouth, salivary glands, pharynx, esophagus, liver, gallbladder, pancreas, rectum, and anus, which together are responsible for the absorption of food and the elimination of solid waste from the body.
    digestive system
  49. Describing structures that are nearer to the free end of an extremity; any location that is farther from the midline than the point of reference named.
    distal
  50. The valve located at the upper end of the voice box that prevents food from entering the larynx.
    epiglottis
  51. The eleventh and twelfth ribs, which do not connect to the sternum.
    floating ribs
  52. The organs of reproduction, together with the organs involved in the production and excretion of urine.
    genitourinary system
  53. The upper arm bone.
    humerus
  54. That portion of the body or body part that lies nearer the feet than the head.
    inferior
  55. A hormone produced by the pancreas that enables glucose in the blood to be used by the cells of the body; supplementary insulin is used in the treatment and control of diabetes mellitus.
    insulin
  56. A place where two bones come into contact.
    joint
  57. A structure composed of cartilage in the neck that guards the entrance to the windpipe and functions as the organ of voice; also called the voice box.
    larynx
  58. Away from the midline of the body.
    lateral
  59. Fibrous bands that connect bones to bones and support and strengthen joints.
    ligaments
  60. The lower part of the back formed by the lowest five nonfused vertebrae.
    lumbar spine
  61. Toward the midline of the body.
    medial
  62. An imaginary vertical line drawn from the midforehead through the nose and the navel to the floor.
    midline
  63. Fiber tracts or pathways that carry messages from the spinal cord and brain to all body parts and back; sensory, motor, or a combination of both.
    nerves
  64. The brain, spinal cord, and nerves.
    nervous system
  65. The closed bony ring, consisting of the sacrum and the pelvic bones, that connects the trunk to the lower extremities.
    pelvis
  66. The fluid part of the blood that carries blood cells, transports nutrients, and removes cellular waste materials.
    plasma
  67. Microscopic disk-shaped elements in the blood that are essential to the formation of a blood clot, the mechanism that stops bleeding.
    platelets
  68. The back surface of the body.
    posterior
  69. Describing structures that are closer to the trunk.
    proximal
  70. The wave of pressure that is created by the heart as it contracts and forces blood out of the heart and into the major arteries.
    pulse
  71. The bone on the thumb side of the forearm.
    radius
  72. All body structures that contribute to normal breathing.
    respiratory system
  73. The paired arches of bone, 12 on either side, that extend from the thoracic vertebrae toward the anterior midline of the trunk.
    ribs
  74. One of three bones (sacrum and two pelvic bones) that make up the pelvic ring; forms the base of the spine.
    sacrum
  75. The proximal portions of the upper extremity; each is made up of the clavicle, the scapula, and the humerus.
    shoulder girdles
  76. The bones of the head, collectively; serves as the protective structure for the brain.
    skull
  77. The breastbone.
    sternum
  78. Toward the head; lying higher in the body.
    superior
  79. Tough, rope-like cords of fibrous tissue that attach muscles to bones.
    tendons
  80. The 12 vertebrae that attach to the 12 ribs; the upper part of the back.
    thoracic spine
  81. The superficial landmarks on the body that serve as location guides to the structures that lie beneath them.
    topographic anatomy
  82. The bone on the little-finger side of the forearm.
    ulna
  83. The 33 bones of the spinal column: 7 cervical, 12 thoracic, 5 lumbar, 5 sacral, and 4 coccygeal vertebrae.
    vertebrae
  84. The flexible cartilage at the lower tip of the sternum.
    xiphoid process

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