World History CH 28 Q's

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World History CH 28 Q's
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2014-03-09 20:42:13
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World History CH 28 Q's
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  1. *23. Picasso's masterpiece Guernica portrays the

    A. reality of Stalinist concentration camps.
    B. brutality and darkness of the twentieth century.
    C. suffering brought on by the Great Depression.
    D. artist's romantic nature.
    E. ups and downs of everyday life.
    B. brutality and darkness of the twentieth century.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  2. *24. To resolve the economic problems of Germany and international tensions in Europe, the U.S.
    developed the

    A. Agricultural Adjustment Act.
    B. New Deal.
    C. Dawes Plan.
    D. Locarno Pact.
    E. League of Nations.
    C. Dawes Plan.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  3. *25. The parliamentary governments of Germany in the mid- to late 1920s were dominated by

    A. Social Democrats.
    B. conservative aristocrats.
    C. right-wing nationalists.
    D. Christian Democrats.
    E. moderate businessmen.
    E. moderate businessmen.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  4. 26. After World War I some historians criticized Gustave Streseman, the most prominent moderate politician in Weimar Germany, for
    A. his Francophilia.
    B. his multiple mistresses.
    C. his strident nationalism during World War I.
    D. his rejection of the welfare state.
    E. his embrace of Nazism after 1929.
    C. his strident nationalism during World War I.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  5. *27. The "middle way" refers to the
    A. British Liberal Party.
    B. reform of German reparations payments.
    C. new literary efforts of writers such as Joyce and Faulkner.
    D. Scandinavian response to the Great Depression.
    E. design philosophy of the Bauhaus.
    D. Scandinavian response to the Great Depression.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  6. *28. The composer Arnold Schonberg is known for
    A. his creation of"twelve-tone" music that abandoned traditional harmony and tonality.
    B. his composition of nationalistic German operas.
    C. his symphonies composed for broadcast to popular audiences on the German Deutsche Welle radio network.
    D. his use of pulsing dissonant rhythms in the ballet Rites of Spring.
    E. his composition of musical background for the first "talkies."
    A. his creation of"twelve-tone" music that abandoned traditional harmony and tonality.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  7. *29. At its height during the Great Depression, unemployment in the United States reached
    A. 25 percent.
    B. 10 percent.
    C. 75 percent.
    D. 33 percent.
    E. 50 percent.
    D. 33 percent.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  8. *30. According to the text, Britain was more ready to conciliate Germany than France following the Versailles peace settlement because
    A. the British and Germans shared a common cultural heritage.
    B. the British had depended heavily on the German market for their exports before World War I.
    C. the British hoped to purchase new ships for their battle fleet in Germany.
    D. the British feared the growth of French military power.
    E. the British wanted a strong Germany as a bulwark against Bolshevism.
    B. the British had depended heavily on the German market for their exports before World War I.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  9. *31. All of the following artistic styles emerged in the Age of Uncertainty except
    A. impressionism.
    B. extreme expressionism.
    C. surrealism.
    D. cubism.
    E. dadaism.
    A. impressionism.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  10. *32. The British political party that emerged during the 1920s as the champion of the working class and the main opposition to the Conservative party was the
    A. Liberal party.
    B. Christian Democratic party.
    C. Labour party.
    D. Communist party.
    E. Social Democratic party.
    C. Labour party.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  11. *33. All of the following statements about the Bauhaus movement are accurate except that it
    A. combined expressionism and cubism to form surrealism.
    B. was led by Walter Gropius.
    C. combined fine and applied arts.
    D. stressed functional design.
    E. used mass-produced building materials.
    A. combined expressionism and cubism to form surrealism.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  12. *34. Authors such as Marcel Proust, James Joyce, and William Faulkner wrote about
    A. the complexity and irrationality of the human mind.
    B. societal problems.
    C. utopian escapist themes.
    D. romantic themes of love and personal fulfillment.
    E. Christian salvation.
    A. the complexity and irrationality of the human mind.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  13. *35. One of the earliest full-length feature films produced in the United States was
    A. Birth of a Nation.
    B. What the Butler Saw.
    C. The Great Train Robbery.
    D. Metropolitan.
    E. Gone with the Wind.
    A. Birth of a Nation.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  14. *36. The logical empiricism espoused by Ludwig Wittgenstein argued that
    A. angst zeit was the fundamental reality of the modem age.
    B. individuals must become "engaged" in modern life.
    C. one must search for moral values and then act on those values.
    D. philosophy is only the clarification of thoughts.
    E. the concept of God could be adapted to fit within the Einsteinian universe.
    D. philosophy is only the clarification of thoughts.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  15. *37. Challenges to the centrality of rational thought to understand the human condition came from all of the following philosophers except
    A. Soren Kierkegaard.'
    B. Friedrich Nietzsche.
    C. Georges Sorel.
    D. Ludwig Wittgenstein.
    E. Henri Bergson.
    D. Ludwig Wittgenstein.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  16. *38. Jean-Paul Sartre stressed
    A. that individuals must give meaning to life through actions.
    B. the remoteness of God.
    C. that philosophy is only the study of language.
    D. the role of emotion in understanding reality.
    E. the role of religion in human behavior.
    A. that individuals must give meaning to life through actions.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  17. *39. Friedrich Nietzsche maintained all of the following except that

    A. conventional morality was suffocating self-realization and excellence.
    B. religious belief provided stability in an absurd world.
    C. rationality had been overemphasized.
    d. a few superior beings could rise above the masses to become heroes.
    e. Christianity was a"slave morality."
    B. religious belief provided stability in an absurd world.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  18. *40. The Christian revival alter World War 1 depended heavily on which of the following earlier philosophers and theologians?
    A. Soren Kierkegaard.
    B. Ignatius Loyola.
    C. Friedrich Nietzsche.
    D. Gabriel Marcel.
    E. Jean-Jacques Rousseau.
    A. Soren Kierkegaard.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  19. *41. Albert Einstein's greatest contribution to the destruction of the Newtonian universe was his
    A. principle of uncertainty.
    B. theory of special relativity.
    C. deconstruction of atomic theory.
    D. discovery of the radioactive properties of radium.
    E. discovery of quanta.
    B. theory of special relativity.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  20. *42. In The Decline of the West, Oswald Spengler argued that
    A. the West would soon be conquered by "the yellow race."
    B. traditional Christian morality was weakening the West.
    C. rampant homosexuality was destroying Western culture.
    D. decolonization was a moral imperative for Europe.
    E. only socialism could save the West.
    A. the West would soon be conquered by "the yellow race."
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  21. *43. The first major public broadcasts of special events by radio were made in
    A. 1938.
    B. 1933.
    C. 1920.
    D. 1901.
    E. 1912.
    C. 1920.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  22. *44. The British Broadcasting Corporation is representative of
    A. the role of private corporations in the development of radio entertainment.
    B. Britain's direct control of the airwaves.
    C. propaganda value of radio broadcasts.
    D. a middle path between private networks in the U.S. and direct control on the Continent.
    E. the failure of publicly owned radio to reach the masses.
    D. a middle path between private networks in the U.S. and direct control on the Continent.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  23. 45. To replace the Dual Entente, France turned to a defensive alliance with
    A. the United States.
    B. Italy and Austria.
    C. the "little Entente."
    D. the Soviet Union.
    E. Spain.
    C. the "little Entente."
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  24. *46. With the U.S. failure to ratify the Versailles Treaty, many French leaders placed their hopes for future security on
    A. the alliance with Great Britain.
    B. the League of Nations.
    C. Bolshevik pressure on Germany.
    D. strict implementation of the treaty.
    E. a closer relationship with Germany.
    D. strict implementation of the treaty.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  25. *47. When Germany refused to make its second reparations payment, France and Belgium
    A. declared war.
    B. declared the Versailles Treaty null and void.
    C. occupied the Ruhr district.
    D. appealed to the League of Nations.
    E. established a naval blockade of German ports.
    C. occupied the Ruhr district.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  26. *48. German government printing of money to pay unemployment benefits to workers striking in the Ruhr against the Franco-Belgian occupation of 1923 led to
    A. French withdrawal from the Ruhr.
    B. buying up of German currency by French speculators.
    C. a rise in the Ruhr workers' standard of living.
    D. the crash of the U.S. stock market.
    E. hyperinflation.
    E. hyperinflation.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  27. *49. The political stability of the mid- to late 1920s was due to all of the following except the
    A. Locarno treaties.
    B. Dawes Plan.
    C. German entry into the League of Nations.
    D. Munich Agreement.
    E. Kellogg-Briand Pact.
    D. Munich Agreement.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  28. *50. In the 1920s support for Adolf Hitler's National Socialist Party
    A. was strongest among wealthy businessmen and aristocrats.
    B. declined until the party had no seats in the Reichstag.
    C. was weak and confined to a few anti-Semites, ultranationalists, and angry veterans.
    D. was broad throughout the German population.
    E. was stronger than that for any political party other than the Social Democrats.
    C. was weak and confined to a few anti-Semites, ultranationalists, and angry veterans.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  29. *51. Buying stocks "on margin" refers to the practice of
    A. buying stocks with loans from stockbrokers.
    B. buying stocks with retirement funds.
    C. buying stocks with loans secured against high-risk bonds.
    D. buying stocks in high-risk businesses.
    E. buying stocks and selling them as soon as any gain is realized.
    A. buying stocks with loans from stockbrokers.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  30. *52. According to the text, the American stock market crash of October 1929 was primarily the result of
    A. an imbalance between real investment and speculation.
    B. nationalist economic policies in Europe.
    C. the government's Keynesian economic policies.
    D. too much overseas investment.
    E. failure of Germany to keep up reparations payments.
    A. an imbalance between real investment and speculation.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  31. *53. President Franklin Roosevelt's Works Progress Administration attempted to
    A. solve the problem of unemployment.
    B. nationalize banks, railroads, and heavy industry.
    C. establish a social welfare system.
    D. plan and control the U.S. economy.
    E. set up a comprehensive program of wage and price controls for the U.S. economy.
    A. solve the problem of unemployment.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  32. *54. Swedish response to the Depression involved
    A. increasing state spending on public works projects and increasing social welfare benefits.
    B. balancing the government budget by cutting government programs.
    C. erecting trade barriers and putting the currency on the gold standard.
    D. taking out loans from American banks.
    E. increasing military spending.
    A. increasing state spending on public works projects and increasing social welfare benefits.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  33. 55. The most fundamental commitment of the New Deal was to
    A. reform the capitalist system.
    B. use the federal government to provide for the welfare of all Americans.
    C. reduce the United States' international trade deficit.
    D. concentrate political power in the federal government.
    E. resuscitate free trade economics and balanced budgets as soon as possible.
    B. use the federal government to provide for the welfare of all Americans.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  34. *56. According to the text, the Great Depression did not hit Britain as hard as the United States or Germany in part because
    A. Britain had a tradition of deficit spending by the government.
    B. the British economy gradually reoriented away from international markets and toward production of consumer goods for the domestic market.
    C. British colonies served as a constant market for British goods.
    D. the British government followed the recommendations of economist John Maynard Keynes.
    E. the United States provided Britain with substantial economic assistance.
    B. the British economy gradually reoriented away from international markets and toward production of consumer goods for the domestic market.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  35. *57. The Popular Front was formed in response to
    A. U.S. isolationism.
    B. the occupation of the Ruhr.
    C. the growth of fascism.
    D. the threat of Soviet intervention in the Spanish Civil War.
    E. the growth of communism.
    C. the growth of fascism.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  36. 58. The victory of the Popular Front in the French elections of 1936 indicated the
    A. underlying political unity of the French republic.
    B. readiness of the French people to accept authoritarian solutions to their problems.
    C. weakness of the political left.
    D. strength of the extreme right.
    E. weakness of moderate republicans.
    E. weakness of moderate republicans.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  37. 59. John Maynard Keynes's critique of the postwar settlement called for
    A. an enhanced role for the League of Nations.
    B. strict enforcement of the Versailles Treaty.
    C. the implementation of new economic policies.
    D. a complete revision of the Versailles settlement.
    E. American forgiveness of wartime loans to Britain and France.
    D. a complete revision of the Versailles settlement.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  38. *60. Leni Riefenstahl's film The Triumph of the Will
    A. was a bizarre expressionist masterpiece.
    B. brilliantly dramatized the communist view of Russian history.
    C. starred Charlie Chaplin in his greatest role.
    D. exposed the financial and sexual corruption of the Nazi party.
    E. was a masterpiece of Nazi propaganda.
    E. was a masterpiece of Nazi propaganda.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  39. *61. "spirit of Locarno" referred to the belief that
    A. God was dead.
    B. capitalism and bourgeois culture were dying.
    C. Bolshevism could be overthrown.
    D. the Great Depression would never end.
    E. peace was possible.
    E. peace was possible.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  40. 62. Besides movies, the most popular form of entertainment among the working classes was
    A. religious revival meetings.
    B. radio.
    C. horse racing.
    D. hunting and fishing.
    E. television.
    B. radio.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  41. 63. According to Freud, human behavior
    A. cannot be understood.
    B. is motivated by rational calculation.
    C. is a compromise among instinct, reason, and moral values.
    D. is driven solely by subconscious instinctual drives for sex and power.
    E. is controlled by societal norms and moral values.
    C. is a compromise among instinct, reason, and moral values.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  42. 64. In his Road to Wigan Pier, written during the Great Depression and excerpted in "Listening to the Past", George Orwell argues that
    A. English workers need to stop marrying young and wasting money on luxuries if they wish to improve their lot.
    B. Traditional family structures have proved inadequate to cope with the economic hardships of the Depression.
    C. the Depression has undermined the traditional values of the working class in northern England.
    D. the availability of cheap luxury goods has helped prevent a revolution in Britain.
    E. only a worker revolution can solve Britain's economic problems.
    D. the availability of cheap luxury goods has helped prevent a revolution in Britain.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)

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