The campaign to capture German and Italian forces in Italy.
The code name for the Battle of Normandy; Allied invasion of Western Europe.
One of the five beaches along the Normandy coast of France that was invaded by Canadians to push the Nazis back.
Victory in Europe; the day the Allies announced the surrender of German forces.
American Naval base that the Japanese attacked.
Prisoner of War (PoW)
Japanese camps for captured soldiers.
Battle of Midway
The turning point of the Pacific theatre; Japanese string of victory over when Americans intercepted Japanese fleet.
American strategy; selecting key islands.
The Manhattan Project
US funded an expensive and secretive project to see if it's possible to create an atomic bomb.
A Japanese industrial city of 340,000 people; the place where "Little Boy" was dropped.
A Japanese city of 250,000 people; the place "Fat Man" was dropped.
Victory in Japan; the day Japan surrendered.
Canadian Women's Army Corps(CWAC)
Women's branches of the army.
RCAF Women's Division
Women's branches of the army
Women's Royal Canadian Naval Service; branch of the army
War Supply Board
Created and managed by C.D. Howe to organize Canadian industry toward the singular purpose of supplying the front.
Lend Lease Act
A program which the US supplied Allied nations with vast amount of war materials.
Hyde Park Declaration
Issued by Prime Minister King and President Roosevelt; US would buy more raw materials from Canada and supply Canada with American parts for weapons production.
Info spread for the purpose of promoting a particular cause.
British Commonwealth Air Training Plan
Facilities in Canada to train pilots and other crew members from Commonwealth countries.
A special spy training facility located outside of Oshawa, Ontario.
National Resource Mobilization Act
Implemented by King which Required all men to help with the war effort.
A vote on a single issue; King held asking Canadians to release him from his promise not to introduce conscription.
People who are a citizen of the enemy's country.
A camp for prisoners of war.
Custodian of Aliens Act
A law that allowed the possessions of Japanese Canadians to be sold without their permission.
Used to describe Hitler's massive attempt to exterminate all of the Jewish people in Europe.
St. Louis Incident
Jewish refugees were fleeing Germany, heading for Cuba, but were refused, so they redirected their route to Halifax. Canada denied their ship's entry and they were sent home.
Designated areas in a city where Jews were compelled to live.
A Nazi program that sent all Jews to extermination camps to be killed in gas chambers.
The systematic extermination of a religious or racial group.
A Nazi concentration camp for Jews.
Many Nazis were in trial for the crimes they committed; military tribunals held by the Allies after WWII.
Conference held in Iran; first time that Roosevelt, Churchill, and Stalin met.
Conference in the south of the Soviet Union where Roosevelt, Churchill, and Stalin planned the final decisions regarding the future of Germany
Conference held near Berlin; supposed to be a planning session for the peace conference, but instead, the former war allies can no longer trust each other. In reality, it was more like setting the stage for the next war (the Cold War).