Chapter 5 Chem

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Author:
BrOleg
ID:
265779
Filename:
Chapter 5 Chem
Updated:
2014-03-10 12:09:03
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Chemistry
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  1. hydrolysis
    water is a reactant in the splitting of a larger molecule
  2. hydration
    an alkene is converted to an alcohol R-OH
  3. reduction
    • an organic acid is converted to an aldehyde
    • gain electron
    • lose oxygen, gain hydrogen
  4. condensation
    two molecules are joined, and water is produced
  5. carboxylation
    carbon dioxide is added to a molecule
  6. phosphorylation
    A condensation reaction where a phosphate (Pi) is bonded to another molecule.
  7. oxidation
    • loss of electron
    • add oxygen, lose hydrogen
  8. addition
    any alkene reaction involving combining with a molecule X-Y, with loss of the C=C double bond.
  9. combustion
    an alkane reacts rapidly in air to produce CO2, H2O, and heat
  10. reversible
    an equilibrium reaction
  11. synthesis
    the general term for A + B à AB reactions
  12. hydrogenation
    an alkene is converted to an alkane
  13. Synthesis reaction
    A + B ---> AB
  14. Decomposition reaction
    AB ---> A + B
  15. Exchange reaction
    • AB + C ---> AC + B (single)
    • AB + CD ----> AD + CB (double)

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