When where Class "A" non-fireproof multiple dwellings built?
On or after 1929
What is the height width and length of Old Law Tenements?
3-7 stories high...20'-25' wide and 50' to 85' deep
When were most Old Law Tenements required for fire retard there stairwells?
If an Old Law Tenement has front and rear fire escapes, what is this an indication of?
4 apartments per floor
What is the width and depth of New Law Tenements(built between 1901-1916)?
6-7 stories...35' to 50' and 85' depths....5 to 6 apartments per floor
In order to avoid being built of fireproof construction the floor areas of new law tenements was broken up into what size?
2500 square feet or less
Between 1930 and 1940 firewalls were required to be carried to the __________ and after 1940 to the ___________.
Underside of roof boards.....the top of the roofboards
Firewalls carried to:
CUT...Ceiling before 1930
Underside of roof boards 1930-1940
Top of the roofbaords after 1940
MD's built after 1929 size of fire area to be enclosed by fire walls is ______sq. feet
3000 sq. feet
The limitation of height, six stories or 75 feet, for NFP residence buildings, is bypassed for buildings when?
Buildings that are built on a grade
After 2 lines have been stretched up a stairwell where should additional line be stretched?
Via fire escape or windows, making use of ropes to pull up lines
At MD's can you operate hose lines into a hole on the roof?
No...A roof line should be used only to prevent fire from extending past the trench, to protect exposures, or to extinguish fire that cannot be reached from below, such as fire in a cornice
Where should the first line be stretched?
By way of the interior stairs
Where is the 2nd line stretched to?
The 2nd line is also usually stretched by way of the interior stairs to the same floor as the first line. It is meant to augment the first line, if necessary. If not needed on the original fire floor it is then advanced to the floor above
Where is the 3rd line stretched?
It is usually stretched via the fire escape.
Who should carry the "k" tool?
Ladder company officer or FE firefighter
How should windows be opened in apartments not involved in fire?
Opened 2/3 's from the top and 1/3 from the bottom to allow heat ad smoke to vent and cool air to enter the room
Who's responsibility is it to determine the location of the fire, whether it is extending and to where it is extending?
The first ladder company to arrive
Can you use engine companies to pull ceilings at top floor fires?
YES or special call more ladder companies
In an Old Law or New Law Tenement when you have fire on two floors what do you do?
Special call an extra engine and truck. If progress is not made on at least one floor in a short period of time, transmit a 2nd alarm
As the IC, there is fire extending via a shaft into an exposure what should you do?
Transmit a 2nd alarm
As the IC, if you have fire extending into 2 exposures what do you do?
Transmit a 3rd alarm
Where should member's inside the building and not engaged in operations stay?
In the hallways on the floors below the fire and not crowd the stairs and landings
What is the best defenses for arson...such as fires being discovered later on lower floors?
The stretching of a backup line
Who should make known to the IC and other members the manner in which the floors and apartments are designated?
The First Officer inside the fire building
If a gas meter is on fire what should you do?
Allow it to burn until the gas is shutdown....continue to soak down combustibles in the area
What are some situations which may call for the use of outside streams?
To protect life by putting a stream between the fire and the occupants
To protect exposures
To confine the fire
To diminish heavy fire so that an interior attack can be made
Who may order the use of outside streams?
Only the IC
What must be done before outside streams can be used with members in thee building?
Members must be warned and move to a safe area. The safe location must be verified by radio or personal contact , by the IC
The absence of a fire escape on the front of an OLT will usually indicate what?
Railroad flats...corner building may be the exception to this rule
In OLT...where should the first line be stretched for a cellar fire?
To the cellar entrance door which is located inside the building, under the interior stairway on the first floor
In OLT....where should the 2nd line be stretched for a cellar fire?
Advanced into the cellar by way of the front or rear entrance to the cellar
In OLT...for store fires with a large volume of fire how should the lines stretched?
A 2 1/2 line should be stretched to the store and a 2nd line stretched to the entrance hallway
In OLT...who should report as soon as possible the layout of shafts between buildings and whether there is any visible fire in these shafts?
The roof firefighter
In OLT...stairway fires...where should the first line be stretched?
Up the stairway, operated to extinguish fire, shutdown and moved further up the stairway...If possible direct the line up the well hole to cool down stairs and hall....A 2nd line should be stretched to follow and backup 1st line
In OLT...shaft fires...where should the first line be stretched?
To the nearest point from which water can be directed onto the fire in the shaft.....A 2nd line may be necessary if it appears that fire might have extended into an adjoining building
For fires in rooms in the vicinity of a shaft, after the fire in the room has been controlled, the line should be opened up where?
Up the shaft to extinguish fire and cool the shaft
What may possible indications of a collapse in an OLT?
Plaster ceilings falling
floors or ceilings sagging
and unusual creaking noises
What are the requirements for 2nd means of egress for SRO's in OLT's?
Each occupant has access to both means of egress(stairs and fire escape)...they must be sprinklered and stairways...no roof tank supplied from city main
Regardless of fire location where must a prompt particular attention made towards?
The upper floors because smoke often goes there
In OLT....if a party wall balcony is found what must be done?
The ROOF firefighter MUST notify the IC....who may consider special calling a Ladder company
What is the height and spacing of a rear tenement from the front tenement?
generally 2-5 stories...and usually between 10-25' between buildings
H-types are required to be divided into areas of not more then what?
3000 sq. feet
What are Transverse stairs?
A person can go from one stairway to another via public hall on all floors of the building...Tremendous asset at heavy fire operations on top floors
What are wing stairs?
Are located at the front and rear of each wing. The floor landing leads to the public hall that will join other stairs in that wing only. The public hall does not transverse to the other wing of the H
What are isolated stairs?
Access is limited to the apartments served by the stairs and no access to other wings....line operations confined to their limited area
If a wastepipe is hot to the touch of the roof firefighter what must be done?
A top floor examination is required and the IC must be notified
Before a line is committed to an H type building what must be done?
You must have the exact location of the fire
What should be used ad the primary means to the roof in a H type building?
Would be winged or isolated stairways in the same building or adjoining building if feasible
As the IC if you have a medium fire condition or 2 lines operating in an H type what should you do?
Special call an extra engine and truck
At an H type if two floors are involved, or at extensive cockloft fires what should the IC do?
Transmit a 2nd alarm
Who tells the IC the location of fire apartment, number of apartments on floor, fire conditions, access, fire extension, difficulties or delays gaining entrance into apt, and occupants?
The first officer on the firefloor
H-type...store fire...where does the 1st line go?
In H type....where does the 2nd line go?
Used to backup the 1st line...if not needed can advance to the floor above...if 2 lines needed in store 3rd line goes to floor above
At store fires in H types what must be promptly checked and rechecked at a later time?
The top floor and cockloft... due to fire spread via voids and its ability to jump floors
Cellar fire in an H type where is the first line usually stretched?
By way of the usually numerous exterior approaches to seat of fire and extinguish
On which side of a the trench cut should inspection hole be made?
2 or more holes on the fire side of the trench...when and if the fire reaches these holes is the trench pulled
How wide should a trench cut be?
At least 3 feet wide
Where should the trench cut be ?
20 feet from the initial trench cut
How do you operate a line on the roof when you have cut a trench?
Operate the line in a brief side to side sweeping motion
How deep can cocklofts in H-types get?
Up to 4 feet
If the 2nd ladder is delayed at H types, the 1st Ladder officer shall orders members to the floor above to check for fire extension, then what?
if discovered they are to immediately proceed to the top floor and check...Notify IC of all discoveries
A fire escape in the throat often spans the firewall and indicates 2 separate apartments in the throat