B- Vitamins for exam 2

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efrain12
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265809
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B- Vitamins for exam 2
Updated:
2014-03-10 15:01:40
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Metabolism
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B-vitamins description etc
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  1. (thiamine) 2 food sources
    Pork and sunflower seeds
  2. Thiamin)2 main coenzymes
    -Thiamin diphsophate

    -Thiamin pyrophosphate
  3. Thiamin) Biochemical or physiological function
    Oxidative decarboxylation of a-Keto acids and 2-keto sugars
  4. Thiamin) deficiency syndrome or symptoms (6)
    -beriberi

    -muscle weakness

    -anorexia

    -tachycardia

    -enlarged heart

    -edema
  5. Thiamin) Some conditions and or individuals at risk for deficiency (3)
    -alcoholism

    -malabsorptive conditions

    -elderly
  6. Riboflavin) 2 main coenzymes
    -flavin adenine dinucleotide (FAD)

    -flavin mononucleotide (FMN)
  7. Riboflavin) biochemical or physiological functions
    electron transfer reactions
  8. Riboflavin) deficiency syndrome or symptoms (8)
    -ariboflavinosis

    -cheilosis

    -glossitis

    -hyperemia

    -edema

    -angular stomatitis

    -photophobia
  9. Riboflavin) 2 food sources
    meats and eggs
  10. Riboflavin) Some conditions or individuals at risk for deficiency (3)
    -alcoholism

    -trauma

    -hypermetabolic conditions
  11. (niacin) 2 main coenzymes
    -NAD

    -NADP
  12. (niacin) biochemical or physiological function
    -electron transfer reactions
  13. (niacin) deficiency syndrome or symptoms (4)
    -pellegra

    -diarrhea

    -dermatitis

    -mental confusion or dementia
  14. (niacin) 2 food sources of niacin
    -tuna

    -beef liver
  15. (niacin) Some conditions and or individuals at risk for deficiency (3)
    -alcoholism

    -malabsorptive conditions

    - hartnup disease
  16. Pantothenic acid) Main conenzyme
    CoA
  17. Pantothenic acid) biochemical or physiological functions
    -acyl transfer reactions
  18. Pantothenic acid) deficiency syndrome or symptoms (4)
    -deficiency very rare

    -numbness and tingling or hands and feet

    -vomitting

    -fatigue
  19. Pantothenic acid) food sources
    Widespread in foods
  20. Pantothenic acid) some conditions and or individuals at risk for deficiency (2)
    -alcoholism

    -malabsorptive conditions
  21. Biotin) main conenzyme
    carboxybiotinyl lysine
  22. Biotin) biochemical or physiological functions
    CO2 transfer/ carboxylation reactions
  23. Biotin) deficiency syndrome or symptoms (5)
    Deficiency very rare

    -anorexia

    -nausea

    -glossitis

    -depression

    -dry scale dermatitis
  24. Biotin) food sources
    liver

    soybeans
  25. Biotin) some conditions or individuals at risk for deficiency (3)
    -Excessive raw egg ingestion

    -alcoholism

    -malabsorptive conditions
  26. Vitamin B6) main coenzymes
    PLP
  27. Vitamin B6) biochemical or physiological functions
    transamination and decarboxylation reactions
  28. Vitamin B6) deficiency syndrome or symptoms (3)
    -dermatitis

    -glossitis

    -convulsions
  29. Vitamin B6) food sources
    -steak

    -navy beans
  30. Vitamin B6) some conditions or individuals at risk for deficiency (3)
    -elderly

    -alcoholism

    -use of certain medications
  31. folate) biochemical or physiological functions
    One carbon transfer reactions
  32. folate) deficiency syndrome or symptoms (5)
    -megaloblastic anemia

    -diarrhea

    -fatigue

    -depression

    -confusion
  33. folate) food sources
    -spinach

    -asparagus
  34. folate) some conditions and or individuals at risk for deficiency (3)
    -alcoholism

    -malabsorptive conditions

    -use of certain medications
  35. vitamin b12) biochemical or physiological functions (2)
    -methylation of homocysteine to methionine

    -conversion of methylmalonyl-CoA to succinyl-CoA
  36. vitamin b12) deficiency syndrome or symptoms (2)
    -megaloblastic anemia

    -degeneration of peripheral nerves
  37. vitamin b12) food sources
    meat and shellfish
  38. vitamin b12) some conditions or individuals at risk for deficiency (4)
    -elderly

    -strict vegetarians

    -pernicious anemia

    -disorders affecting stomach and ileum
  39. Acerbic acid (vitamin C)) main coenzyme
    none
  40. Acerbic acid (vitamin C)) biochemical or physiological functions (2)
    -antioxidant

    -hydroxylating enzymes involved in synthesis of collagen, carnitine, norepinephrine
  41. Acerbic acid (vitamin C)) deficiency syndrome or symptoms (6)
    -scurvy

    -hyperkeratosis of hair follicles

    -psychological manifestations

    -retarded wound healing

    -bleeding gums

    -spontaneous rupture of capillaries
  42. Acerbic acid (vitamin C)) food sources (2)
    -papaya

    -orange juice
  43. Acerbic acid (vitamin C)) conditions or individuals at risk for deficiency (3)
    -elderly

    -alcoholism

    -smoking

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