art 101 midterm part 3

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  1. form
    shape of things
  2. content
    what is in a painting
  3. iconography
    interoperation of images/icons
  4. abstract
    not resembling reality
  5. subjective
    based on personal ideal
  6. objective
    based on facts
  7. conceptual art
    concepts being discussed is more important than the look
  8. context
    where we see things
  9. academic art
  10. narrative context
  11. implied line
    line implied by movement or direction
  12. positive/negative shape
    • positive shape = figure
    • negative shape = ground
  13. linear perspective
    mathematical system for creating the illusion of space and distance on a flat surface
  14. one point linear perspective
    piece with only one vanishing point
  15. vanishing point
    ppoint on the horizon line where parallel lines appear to converge
  16. two point linear perspective
    a version of linear perspective in which there are two or more vanishing points in the composition
  17. forshortening
    modification of perspective to decrease distortion resulting from the apparent visual contraction of an object or figure as it extends backwards
  18. texture
    apparent look
  19. pointillism
    lots of small dots
  20. absolute symmetry
    term used when each half of a composition is exactly the same
  21. asymmetrically balanced
    balance achieved in a composition when neither side reflects or mirrors the other
  22. tertiary color
    color between each primary color and its neighboring secondary colors
  23. complementary color scheme
    colors directly opposite of each other
  24. simultaneous contrast
    two complementary colors that when together look brighter and more intense then when seen alone
  25. monochromatic color scheme
    one color
  26. analogous color scheme
    colors adjacent to each other on the color wheel
  27. triadic color scheme
    3 colors equidistant from each other
  28. arbitrary color
  29. chiaroscuro
    the shadow cast by a figure darker than the shadowed surface itself
  30. modeling
    rendering of form usually by hatching or chiaroscuro to create the illusion of 3d form
  31. tenebrism
    heightened form of chiaroscuro
  32. highlights
    spot or one of the spots of highest key or value in a picture
  33. shadow
    unlighted surface of a form
  34. pastel
    soft crayon made of chalk and pigment
  35. pprint
    any one of multiple impressions made from a master image
  36. relief
    in printmaking any process in which any area of the matrix not meant to be printed is carved away (think stamp)
  37. intaglio
    form of printmaking which the line is incised into the surface of the printing plate
  38. didacticism support
    an approach to making art emphasizing its ability to teach and elevate the mind
  39. ground
    coating applied to a canvas to prepare it for painting or etching
  40. solvent
    also a vehicle 

    a thinner that enables paint to flow more readily that also cleans brishes
  41. vehicle
    thinner that enables paint to flow more readily

    also a solvent
  42. boun fresco
    wet fresco
  43. fresco secco
    dry fresco
  44. glazing
    painting in layers
  45. watercolor
    a painting medium consisting of pigments suspeneded in a solution of water and gum arabic
  46. acrylic
    plastic resin that when mixed with water and pigment forms and inorganic and quick drying paint
  47. mixed media
    combination of medias in a work
  48. collage
    work made by pasting various scraps together
  49. daguerrotype
    early form of photography 

    copper plate polished with silver
  50. dodging
    photographic technique that decreases the exposure of selected areas of the print that the photographer wishes to be lighter
  51. burning
    a photographic technique that increases the exposure to areas of the print that should be darker
  52. aperture
    the opening that determines the quantity of light admitted by a camera
  53. shutter speed
    the speed and length that the aperture stays open
  54. auteurs
    directors who are the authors of their work
  55. performance art
    art that includes a human activity
  56. subtractive
    process in which form is discovered by the removal of materials
  57. additive
    form is built up by the addition of materials
  58. low (bas) relief
    a sculpture in which the figures and objects remain attached to a background plane and project off it by less than one half their normal depth
  59. high (haute) relief
    sculpture that you can see at least half their normal depth
  60. in-the-round
    scupture that requires no wall support and can be seen from all sides
  61. contrapposto
    the disposition of the hman figure in which hips and legs are turned in opposition to the shoulders and chest
  62. casting
    process of making sculpture by pouring molten material into a mold
  63. assemblage
    an additive sculptural process in which various and diverse elements are combined
  64. installation
    an environment that is indoors
  65. earthwork
    an environment that is outdoors
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art 101 midterm part 3
2014-03-10 21:03:32

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