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The movable end of a joint
The fixed end of a joint
Bending parts at a joint so that the angle between them decreased and the parts come closer together.
Moving parts at a joint so that the angle between them increase and the parts move father apart.
The extension of the parts at a joint beyond the anatomical position; abnormal extension beyond the normal range of motion, resulting in injury.
Movement at the ankle that brings the foot closer to the shin (flexing the toe)
Movement at the ankle that brings the foot farther from the shin (pointing the toe)
Moving a part away from the midline or from the axial line of the limb. (straight leg out / fingers spread).
Moving a part toward the midline or toward the axial line of the limb (closing straight legs / fingers closed).
Moving a part around an axis (head twisting side to side).
Turning a limb on its longitudinal axis so its anterior surface moves toward the midline.
Medial (internal) Rotation
Turning a limb on its longitudinal axis away from the midline of the body.
Lateral (external) Rotation
Moving a part so that its end follows a circular path.
Rotation of the forearm so the palm is upward or facing anteriorly (facing up).
Rotation of the forearm so the palm is downward of facing posteriorly (facing down).
Turing the foot so the plantar surface faces laterally.
Turing the foot so the plantar surface faces medially.
Moving a part forward (chin forward).
Moving a part backward.
Raising a part (shrugging the shoulders)
Lowering a part (drooping the shoulders)
Movement of Joints