Movementofjoints.txt

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Author:
AP101e2014
ID:
265891
Filename:
Movementofjoints.txt
Updated:
2014-03-10 21:47:23
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Description:
Movement of Joints
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  1. The movable end of a joint
    Insertion
  2. The fixed end of a joint
    Origin
  3. Bending parts at a joint so that the angle between them decreased and the parts come closer together.
    Flexion
  4. Moving parts at a joint so that the angle between them increase and the parts move father apart.
    Extension
  5. The extension of the parts at a joint beyond the anatomical position; abnormal extension beyond the normal range of motion, resulting in injury.
    Hyperextension
  6. Movement at the ankle that brings the foot closer to the shin (flexing the toe)
    Dorsiflexion
  7. Movement at the ankle that brings the foot farther from the shin (pointing the toe)
    Plantar Flexion
  8. Moving a part away from the midline or from the axial line of the limb. (straight leg out / fingers spread).
    Abduction
  9. Moving a part toward the midline or toward the axial line of the limb (closing straight legs / fingers closed).
    Adduction
  10. Moving a part around an axis (head twisting side to side).
    Rotation
  11. Turning a limb on its longitudinal axis so its anterior surface moves toward the midline.
    Medial (internal) Rotation
  12. Turning a limb on its longitudinal axis away from the midline of the body.
    Lateral (external) Rotation
  13. Moving a part so that its end follows a circular path.
    Circumduction
  14. Rotation of the forearm so the palm is upward or facing anteriorly (facing up).
    Supination
  15. Rotation of the forearm so the palm is downward of facing posteriorly (facing down).
    Pronation
  16. Turing the foot so the plantar surface faces laterally.
    Eversion
  17. Turing the foot so the plantar surface faces medially.
    Inversion
  18. Moving a part forward (chin forward).
    Protraction
  19. Moving a part backward.
    Retraction
  20. Raising a part (shrugging the shoulders)
    Elevation
  21. Lowering a part (drooping the shoulders)
    Depression

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