Ch 18 Endocrine System

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Author:
melitachristine
ID:
266055
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Ch 18 Endocrine System
Updated:
2015-02-28 23:39:02
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medical terminology
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  1. aden/o
    gland
  2. adrenal/o
    adrenal gland
  3. gonad/o
    sex glands (ovaries and testes)
  4. pancreat/o
    pancreas
  5. parathyroid/o
    parathyroid gland
  6. pituitar/o
    pituitary gland; hypophysis
  7. thyr/o
    thyroid/o
    thyroid gland
  8. andr/o
    male
  9. calc/o
    calci/o
    calcium
  10. cortic/o
    cortex, outer region
  11. crin/o
    secrete
  12. dips/o
    thirst
  13. estr/o
    female
  14. gluc/o
    sugar
  15. glyc/o
    sugar
  16. home/o
    sameness
  17. hormon/o
    hormone
  18. kal/i
    potassium
  19. lact/o
    milk
  20. myx/o
    mucus
  21. natr/o
    sodium
  22. phys/o
    growing
  23. somat/o
    body
  24. ster/o
    solid structure
  25. toc/o
    childbirth
  26. toxic/o
    poison
  27. ur/o
    urine
  28. -agon
    assemble, gather together
  29. -emia
    blood condition
  30. -in
    -ine
    substance
  31. -tropin
    stimulating the function of (to turn or act on)
  32. -uria
    urine condition
  33. eu-
    good, normal
  34. hyper-
    excessive, above
  35. hypo-
    • deficient
    • below
    • under
    • less than normal
  36. oxy-
    rapid, sharp, acid
  37. pan-
    all
  38. poly-
    • many
    • increased
  39. tetra-
    four
  40. tri-
    three
  41. what hormone(s) -- thyroid gland
    • T3, T4 (inc metabolism)
    • calictonin (dec blood calcium)
  42. what hormone -- parathyroids
    parathyroid hormone (inc blood calcium)
  43. what hormones adrenals (5)
    • cortisol (inc blood sugar)
    • aldosterone (inc reabsorption of Na+)
    • androgens, estrogens (2ndary sex char.)
    • epinepherine (adrenaline) (sympathomimetic)
    • norepinepherine (noradrenaline) (sympathomimetic)
  44. what hormones -- pancreas
    • insulin (dec blood sugar)
    • glucagon (inc blood sugar)
  45. what hormones -- pituitary (8)
    • growth hormone/somatotropin (GH/STH)
    • thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH)
    • adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) - stimulates adrenals
    • FSH
    • LH
    • prolactin (PRL)
    • ADH antidiuretic hormone/vasopressin
    • oxytocin (OT)
  46. what hormone(s) -- ovaries
    • estrogens
    • progesterone
  47. what hormone(s) -- testes
    testosterone

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