carpentry 1 - Blueprint Views and Groups of Drawings Part A & B

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  1. What are 5 views that make up a set of drawings?
    • 1. Plans (views from above and cutaway top views)
    • 2. Elevations (front, rear & side views)
    • 3. Building cross-sections (cutaway front, rear & side views)
    • 4. Sections (enlarged cutaway views showing the construction of one of the building components)
    • 5. Details (an enlarged targeted area of a building section)
  2. Name 5 types of plans that show orthographic views.
    • 1. survey
    • 2. plot
    • 3. landscape
    • 4. site (a combination of survey, plot & landscape)
    • 5. roof
  3. Name 4 types of cutaway orthographic views on a set of plans.
    • 1. Foundation
    • 2. Floor
    • 3. Reflective ceiling
    • 4. Layout (truss & engineered floor systems)
  4. At what height is the cutting plane line taken for most floor plans?
    1800mm (6 ft) -- and must pass through all built-in items
  5. In the kitchen what height is the cutting plane taken at?
    1200mm (4 ft) -- placing it between lower and upper cabinets
  6. What are exterior vertical orthographic views called?
  7. Describe the difference between longitudinal and transverse sections.
    • Longitudinal = Length  
    • Transverse = Width
  8. What 2 things make up 'a section line'?
    • 1. cutting plane
    • 2. arrow head
  9. What kind of detailed information about the building components and systems do sections show?
    Detailed info about the components and construction of building systems
  10. What are 'break lines'?
    Show that the centre segment of the system has been removed?
  11. What are 'detailed drawings'? (2 things)
    • Provide:
    • 1. clarity for specifically targeted areas from other drawings.
    • 2. Correlation of the different elements of the building system
  12. Where is the title of a section found in a section or detail indicator?
    • Title of the section or detail is given above the line
    • Page on which it can be found is shown below the line
  13. What is 'a schedule'?
    Table used to identify, describe and locate specific info about building components
  14. What are 9 things included in architectural drawings?
    • 1. Type of structure
    • 2. Exterior styling and finishes
    • 3. Building envelope
    • 4. How interior is broken up into different spaces
    • 5. Circulation routes
    • 6. Locations/sizes of doors & windows
    • 7. Types of interior finish & trim
    • 8. Locations/extents of cabinets & millwork
    • 9. Specialty items
  15. Name 6 structural elements that would be detailed in structural drawings.
    • 1. Foundation
    • 2. Foundation walls
    • 3. Structural framework
    • 4. Size/spacing/grade/strength/type of material for structural members
    • 5. Concrete reinforcement
    • 6. Connections
  16. What are 'shop drawings'?
    • For building components that are manufactured OFF site, they stipulate the:
    •  1. Layout
    •  2. Opening sizes
    •  3. Connections 
    •  4. Fastening and mounting heights
  17. What type of plan would include: the legal description, lot numbers, block number & plan number?
    Survey plan
  18. On what type of plan would you find the 'geodetic elevation' and 'construction elevation' for the top of the main floor sub-floor?
    Plot plan
  19. Elevation plans: which walls can be distorted?
    Walls that are not parallel to the view will be distorted
  20. What scale are 'cross-sections' drawn at?
    the same scale as the foundation, floor plans & elevations
  21. Where are building section lines repeated?
    On foundation and each of the floor plans at the same location
  22. What is 'geodetic elevation'?
    Elevation or height of a given point on land above sea level
  23. What is 'invert elevation'?
    The bottom of the pipe where it will actually be resting
  24. How is the location of a main beam in the basement indicated on a foundation plan?
    Because the elevation of the main beam is above the cutting plane, it is indicated with a phantom line -- a line drawn with a heavy centre line
  25. List 8 things that may be included in a floor plan.
    • 1. Exterior walls
    • 2. Position and size of windows
    • 3. Partitions and room layouts
    • 4. Types/sizes/locations of doors
    • 5. Extent of cabinets & millwork features
    • 6. Types of appliances and plumbing fixtures
    • 7. Positions & types of lights, switches & plugs
    • 8. Location of registers/supply ducts/return air grills & ducts
  26. When a window size (e.g. 1600 x 900H) what does the first number indicate?
  27. What do the following letters indicate when found after a window dimension: A, C, SL
    • A - awning
    • C - casement
    • SL - sliding
  28. When viewing windows on a floor plan, what indicates that there may be a window schedule available?
    Number or letter is encased by a circle, hexagon or diamond adjacent to the window
  29. Do floor plans show the layout of framing members or how the partitions intersect?
    No. It is YOUR responsibility to ensure it is up to code.
  30. List 3 methods for determining the lengths of cabinets.
    • 1. Calculating (using the wall dimensions)
    • 2. Knowing the standard unit sizes of the different components
    • 3. Referring to interior elevations
  31. What info is given on a floor plan regarding a set of stairs? (2 things)
    • 1. Direction arrow with abbreviation indicating whether the stairs go up or down from the floor
    • 2. Number of risers required to reach next floor level
  32. When a difference appears between drawings and shop drawings, which one should be followed?
    Shop drawings -- specific to that product
  33. What is a building's weight supported by?
    The surrounding soil & buildings weight is transferred to the soil by structural footings or piles
  34. Pad dimensions 760mm x 760mm x 255mm. What is the 3rd dimension?
    Pad thickness
  35. Where are footings placed?
    Below the frost line (foundation walls are set on top of the footings)
  36. What is a 'pony wall'?
    Extends the height of a wall from the foundation to the underside of the floor joist
  37. What divides a crawl space and a basement?
    A bearing wall
  38. Who thinks you're cute?
    Your sweetie.
  39. What kind of foundation is used where no crawlspace or basement is required?
    Grade beams and piles
  40. What is the most referenced drawing in a set of blueprints?
    Floor plan
  41. Why can windows usually not be determined by the symbols used on plans?
    Due to relatively small scale used for floor plans.
  42. What is the letter following the dimensions of a window?
    Reference to the type of window
  43. What are the 7 types of windows (F, C, A, H, SL, SH, DH)
    • 1. F - fixed
    • 2. C - casement
    • 3. A - awning
    • 4. H - hopper (hinged on bottom)
    • 5. SL - sliding (horizontal sliding)
    • 6. SH - single hung (vertical sliding)
    • 7. DH - double hung (bypassing vertical sliding)
  44. What should you NEVER use to frame a windows rough opening?
    Architectural drawing -- use supplier's shop drawing
  45. What is the minimum an interior door can open?
    90 degrees
  46. What is the difference between a dashed-line and non-dashed line to indicate a door opening (without a door)
    • Dashed line - archway
    • Non-dashed line - opening extends from floor to ceiling
  47. On a plan, what are the lower kitchen cabinets shown as?
    Continuous line.
  48. On a plan, what are the upper kitchen cabinets shown as?
    Dashed line.
  49. Describe the lines for a closet
    • Front edge of closet shelf - solid line
    • Closet rod below it - dashed line
  50. The number of risers required is always ____ more than the number of treads indicated on the drawing.
  51. How are roof beams shown?
    Same way as beams are shown on foundation plans
Card Set:
carpentry 1 - Blueprint Views and Groups of Drawings Part A & B
2014-03-12 03:25:46
carpentry 1 - Blueprint Views and Groups of Drawings Part A & B
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