ArT 101

Card Set Information

ArT 101
2014-03-18 02:14:55

Second exam
Show Answers:

  1. Analytical line/ Classical
    • Closely related to classical line
    • A line that is mathematical, precise and rationally
  2. Autographic line
    Any use of line that is distinctto the artist who employs it and is therefore recognizable as a kind of “signature” style.
  3. Line quality
    Lines are tools for communication
  4. Hatching
    Parallel lines that create the effects of shading and modeling.
  5. Contour line
    The visible border of an object in space
  6. Expressive line
    A kind of line that springs from the artist’s emotions or feelings –loose, gestural and energetic – epitomized by curvilinear forms, as opposed toanalytic or classical line.
  7. Line
    One of the most fundamental elements of art
  8. Shape
    When the first line is drawn. Shape helps define the object
  9. Proportion
    The size of one picture element in relation to the size of another
  10. Perspective
    The illusion that further away things appear smaller.
    • Artist name: Paul Cezanne
    • Painting's name: The basket of apples.
    • Oil on canvas
    • Description:  The painting is a "still life." The idea of motion. The edges of the table, both front and back do not line up. The wine bottle is tilted sideways, and the apples appear to be spilling forward, out of the basket. Mke the space dynamic instead of static.
    • Artist: Alberto Giacometti
    • Paintings name: Man pointing 1947.
    • Bronze
    • Description:  It is an example of implied line. This skeletal figure represents the human condition itself, isolated and alone and yet somehow manage and willing to communicate with the world around it.
    • Artist name: Titan
    • Painting's name: Assumption and Consecration of the Virgin.
    • Oil on wood
    • Content: Example of implied line. Titan ties together the three separate horizontal areas of the piece. Implied lines that creat simple, interlocking, symmetrical triangles that serve to unify the worlds of the divine and the mortal.
    • Artist's name: Vincent Van Gogh
    • Painting's name: The starry night 
    • Oil on canvas 
    • Content: Expressive. The circular motion. Endless movement.  His lines are personal and loose, expressive lines, almost out of control.
    • Artist's name: Vincent Van Gogh. 
    • Painting name: The sower
    • Oil on canvas
    • Content: Goes back to the essential of drawing line. Each area of the painting now contained color that connected it to the opposite area, green to violet and orange to yellow. In the second painting of the sower, van gogh eliminated the house and tree, in order for the focal point be the sower. There are an anthology of line: short and long, curved and straight, wide and narrow.
    • Artist name: Sol Lewitt
    • Painting's name: Wall drawing 
    • Colored ink washes
    • Content: Analytic line. Line is precise, controlled, mathematically rigorous, logical, and rationally organized.
    • Artist name: Jasper Johns 
    • Painting's name: Numbers in color 1958-59
    • Encaustic and newspaper on canvas. 
    • Content:  Analytic or grid line. It is fluid and loose, yet the grid here seems to contain and control it , to exercise some sort of rational authority over it. 
    • Artist name: Hung Liu 
    • Painting's name: Virgin/Vessel 
    • Oil on canvas, broom
    • Content: The disfigured feet of the woman are traditional Chinese foot binding. The woman's body has become a secual vessel, like the one in front of her
    • Artist name: Robert Mapplethorpe 
    • Painting's name: Lysa Lyon 
    • Content: The pose of Lyon seems to imitate Zeus. Suggests a feminist critique of Western Cultural. Male and Female nude carry with them recognizably sexist implications man as strong and rational, woman as weak and given to emotional outbursts.
    • Artist name: Martin Puryear 
    • Painting's name: Self 
    • Polychromed red cedar and mahogany
    • Content: A sculptural mass that stands nearly six feet high. Made of wood, it looms out of the floor like a giant basalt outcropping and it seems ti satisfy the other implied meaning of mass: seems to posses weight and density as well as volume. It actually does not posses the mass it visually announces. Lightweight built in thin layers of of wood.
    • Artist's name: Leonardo Da vinci 
    • Painting's name: The last supper 
    • Mural (Oil and tempera on plaster). 
    • Content: One point perspective bringing the focus to Jesus in the middle of the painting
    • Artist name: Gustave Caillebotte
    • Painting's  name: Place de L'Europe on a Rainy Day
    • Oil on canvas
    • Content: It has two point linear perspective, it creates a much more complex composition. A series of multiple vanishing point organize a complex array of parallel lines. Moving across and through these perspective lines are the implied lines of the pedestrians's movement. He imposes order by dividing the canvas into four equal rectangles.
    • Artist's name: Andrea Mantegna
    • Painting's name: The dead Christ
    • Tempera on canvas 
    • Content: Use of foreshortening to make christ's feet to be appropriate. The dimensions of the closer extremities are adjusted in order to make up for the distortion created by the point of view.
    • Artist name: Henri Matisse 
    • Painting's name: Harmony in Red 
    • Oil on Canvas 
    • Content: Is flat. but only has few things (chair, and a table) that make it look dimensional. Table and wall are made of the same fabric. Some perspectives ate off and the use of recurring patterns. Matisse has eliminated three dimensionally by uniting the different spaces in one large field of uniform color and design.
    • Artist's name: Paul M Cezanne
    • Painting's name: In a red chair 
    • Oil on canvas
    • Content: Lack of spatial depth.Complimentary colors. Red and green. Expressive line in the skirt.
    • Artist name: Leonardo Da Vinci 
    • Painting's name: Madonna of the Rocks 
    • Oil on panel
    • Content: Atmospheric perspective. Foreshortening in the madonnas hand over the infant Jesus. We assume that the rocks far away are the same that the one that are near, but the atmosphere has change them.
    • Artist name: J M W Turner
    • Painting's name: Rain, Steam, and Speed- the Great Western Railroad
    • Oil on canvas
    • Content:  Employs linear perspective as well as atmospheric perspective: the diagonal lines of the two bridges converge on a vanishing point on the horizon. Light and atmosphere dominate it.
    • Artist name: Mary Cassatt 
    • Painting's name: In the loge
    • Oil on canvas
    • Content: A study between light and dark. The guy is in the zone of light and teh dreamtic division between male and female spaces. Her face and her hand holding the binoculars enter the space of light.
    • artist name: Artemisia Gentileschi 
    • Painting's name: Judith and Maidservant with the head of Holofernes
    • Oil on canvas 
    • Content: She took the chiaroscuro to a new level. She uses a technique called tenebrism. It makes use of large areas of dark contrasting sharply with smaller brightly illuminated areas. Its figues are heroic, illuminated in a strong artificial spotlight.
    • Artist name: Georges Seurat
    • Painting's name: La Chahut 
    • Oil on canvas 
    • Content: He tries to harmonize his complementary colors rather than create a sense of tension with them. Tried to harmonize his complementary colors. Thousands of tiny dots. Rather than mixing colors Seurat believed the eye could optically mix colors.
    • Artist's name: Pierre Bonnard 
    • Painting's name: The terrace at Vernon
    • Oil on canvas
    • Content: He makes use of arbitrary colors. Make object's color not look real.
    • Artist name: Vincent Van Gogh 
    • Painting's name: The night Cafe
    • Oil on canvas 
    • Content: Van Gogh implies red and green. Perspective is not normal.
    • Artist name: Alexander Calder 
    • Painting's name: Untitled 
    • Aluminum and steel 
    • Content: It is an example of kinetic art. Art that moves or at least seems to move.
    • Artist name: Michelangelo 
    • Painting's name: Pieta 
    • Marble
    • Content: It enlarge Mary's leg so it doesn't look awkward. Realistic texture. The Virgin is also unusually youthful, and in repose, rather than the older, sorrowing Mary of most pietàs. She is shown as youthful for two reasons; God is the source of all beauty and she is one of the closest to God, also the exterior is thought as the revelation of the interior (the virgin is morally beautiful). First work that Michelangelo signed because people believed that was Da Vinci.
    • Artist name: Max Ernst 
    • Painting's name The horde 
    • Oil on canvas
    • Content: Invented frottage or texture rubs. He was able to create a wide variety of textural effects.
    • Artist name: Isidro Escamilla
    • Painting's name: Virgin of Guadalupe. 
    • Oil on canvas 
    • Content: Painting invite us to experience it in a linear or temporal way. Through time and motion.
    • Artist name: Claude Monet
    • Painting's name: Water lilies, Morning: Willos 
    • Triptych 
    • Content: Monet used brownie motion technique. There is not focal point, no sense of unified perspective. It seems to organize itself around and through the viewer's own acts of perception and movement.
    • Artist name: Bridget Riley 
    • Painting's name: Drift No. 2
    • Acrylic on canvas 
    • Content: It is an optical painting (creates movement) She wanted to test heat which created violent color vibrations.
    • Artist name: Jackson Pollock 
    • Painting's name: No. 29
    • Oil expanded steel, string, glass and pebbles on glass. 
    • Content: It is what he called Galactic space, "Action painting." He just splashes the painting on the canvas.
    • Artist name: Leonardo Da Vinci 
    • Painting's name: Study of human proportion 
    • Pen and ink drawing 
    • Content: Figure is perfectly balanced and symmetrical.The very center of the composition is the figure's navel, a focal point that represents the source of life itself, the fetus connection by the umbilical cord to its mother's womb. Mind and matter, the material and the transcendental are unified by the design into a coherent whole.
    • Artist name: Rose window 
    • Painting's name: Chartres Cathedral 
    • Content: Radial balance. Flowerlike structure. Jesus in the center. It was called like that because the dominant colors were rose and flowerlike structure.
    • Artist name: Larry Poons
    • Painting's name: Orange Crush 
    • Acrylic on canvas 
    • Content: The painting becomes afocal because the viewer's eye is continually distracted from its point of vision. No focal points due to the sharp contrast between the white fits and solid orange.
    • Artist name: Hokusai 
    • Painting's name: The great Wave off Kanagawa 
    • Color woodcut 
    • Content: Fuji the mountain represents Japan itself and the print juxtaposes the perils of the moment with the enduring life of the nation.
    • Artist name: Judith F Baca 
    • Painting's name: La memoria de Nuestra tierra
    • Acrylic on canvas
    • Content: one f the problems with the painting was that there was 3/4 image a reference to the lynching of Mexican American workers in CA
  11. Negative Shape or shape
    Empty space, surrounded and shaped so that it acquires a sense of form or volume
  12. One point linear perspective
    A version of linear perspective in which there is only one vanishing point in the composition
  13. Vanishing point
    In linear perspective the point on the horizon line where parallel lines appear to converge
  14. Vantage point
    In linear perspective the point where the viewer is postioned.
  15. Two point linear perspective
    A version of linear p-erspective in which there are two (or more) vanishing points in the composition.
  16. Foreshortening
    The modification of perspective to decrease distortion resulting from the apparent visual contraction of an object or figure as it extends backward from the picture plane at an angle approaching the perpendicular.
  17. Atmospheric or aerial perspective
    A technique often employed in landscape painting, designed to suggest three dimensional space in the two dimensional space of the picture plane and in which forms and objects distant from the viewer become less distinct often bluer or cooler in color and contrast among the various distant elements in greatly reduced.
  18. Chiaroscuro
    In drawing and painting the use of light and dark to create the effect of three dimensional, modeled surfaces.
  19. Primary colors
    the hues that in theory cannot be created from a mixture of other hues and from which all other hues are created-namely in pigment, red, yellow and blue and in refracted light, red, orange-green, and blue-violet.
  20. Arbitrary colors
    Color that that has no realistic or natural relation to the object that is depicted as in a blue horse or a purple cow, but that may have emotional expressive significance.
  21. Optical art
    An art style particularly popular in the 1960s in which line and color are manipulated in ways that stimulate the eye into believing it perceives movement.
  22. balance
    The even distribution of weight either actual weight or visual weight in a composition.
  23. Radial balance
    A circular composition in which the elements project outward from a central core at regular intervals like the spokes of a wheel
  24. Focal point
    In a work of art, the center of visual attention often different from the physical center of the work.
  25. proportion
    In any composition the relashionship between the parts to each other and to the whole
  26. Scale
    The comparative size of an object in relation to other objects and settings