it project management 67

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it project management 67
2014-03-12 09:21:20

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  1. A tangible and verifiable piece of work is called
  2. is a significant event or archievement that provides evidence that a deliverable has been completed or that a phase is formally over.
    A milestone
  3. the next level decomposition of a WBS element must represent ___ of the work applicable to the next higher element
    100 percent rule
  4. WBS
    represents a logical decomposition of the work to be performed and focuses on how the product, service, or result is naturally subdivided
  5. One way to ensure that the WBS has the appropriate level of detail is to ensure that the people who do the work are involved in its development.
  6. Time boxing involves allocating a time segment for a task rather than attempting to estimate how long that task should take.
  7. COCOMO is a parametric mode
  8. The PMBOK® area called project time management includes 

    • Define Activities

      Estimate Activity Durations

      Develop Schedule

      Control Schedule

  9. WBS is not
    should be developed by the PM
  10. WBS is
    The WBS provides a hierarchical structure that outlines the activities or work that needs to be done in order to complete the project scope.

    • The WBS should support the project's MOV.

    • The WBS provides a bridge or link between the project’s scope and the detailed project plan.

    The WBS provides a framework for developing a tactical plan to structure the project work.
  11. Confidence in project estimates will be highest 
    later in the project
  12. An estimation technique characterized by schedule and cost estimates of how long something should take or should cost.
    Top down estimating
  13. bottom up estimating
    diving the project into smaller modules and then directly estimating the time and effort in terms of person hours for each module
  14. can be a very effective estimating technique by forcing examination of project risks so that specific budget or schedule targets can be achieved
    Top-Down Estimating
  15. An entity in an Entity-Relationship Diagram (ERD) would be considered an:
    Internal Logical File (ILF)
  16. An ERD (entity-relationship diagram)
    describes the entities and relationships within the application boundary, so the entities in the ERD can be considered as an internal logic file.
  17. An entity or data set that includes customer names and addresses that  is maintained by another application system would be called an:
    External Interface File (EIF)
  18. Function points in a software application program

    • focus on the functionality and complexity of an application system or module.

  19. With COCOMO, _____ projects are challenging in that they may support a new business process or area that is new to the organization.

    • embedded

  20. _____ are rules of thumb used to estimate the current project based on prior project experience.
  21. The project budget is determined by the project schedule, the cost of the resources assigned to each of the tasks, and by any other direct or indirect costs and reserves.
  22. the PMBOK® area called project cost management includes estimate costs, determine budget, and control costs.
  23. Project network diagrams provide valuable information about the logical sequence and dependencies among the various activities and tasks so that a completion date or deadline can be determined.
  24. Predecessor activities are activities that can be worked on at the same time as another activity.
  25. Parallel activities can shorten the project schedule, but can have an impact on project resources if a resource is assigned to two tasks at the same time.
  26. The critical path is the longest path in the project network and also is the shortest time in which the project can be completed.
  27. PERT was developed in the 1950s to create a visual representation of scheduled activities, their logical sequence, and interrelationships using a statistical probability distribution.
  28. Installing a server before loading the operating system is an example of a finish-to-start relationship.
  29. Sunk costs include such things as rent, utilities, insurance, and other administrative costs.
  30. Once the project schedule and budget are accepted by the client or sponsor, the project plan becomes the baseline plan that will be used as a benchmark to track the project’s actual progress.
  31. The amount of time an activity can be delayed before affecting the project deadline is _____
  32. The technique used to find the sequence of tasks with zero slack (or float) is most closely associated with:
    critical path analysis
  33. Adding resources to an activity to shorten the critical path is called____