The ways/ process that we learn the ways of society or other groups.
What is "Nature"?
Charactoristics that are hereditary.
e.g.: genes and biology
What is "Nurture"?
Characteristics are social environment.
What is the "Self"?
how we think others see us, and how we see ourselves.
What is Charles Horton Colley known for?
The "Looking-Glass Self".
What are the 3 parts to the "Looking-Glass Self"?
1)We imagine how we appear to those around us.
2)We interpret other's reactions.
3)we develop a self concept.
What is the significants of the "Looking-glass Self"?
The development on self,does NOT depend on the accuracy of the evaluation.
What is positive self concept?
Think good reflection.
What is Negative Self-Concept?
think bad reflection.
Who is George Herbert Mead?
He focused on: self concepts; Role-Taking; and The importance of play.
How do kids Play based on Mead's work?
Kids learn by taking the roles of others, by 1st taking the roles of a significant other. and 2nd by eventually taking on the role of the generalized other (when they anticipate what's going to happen next).
What are the 3 stages of learning by taking the roles of others, according to Mead?
Imitation stage: "the Parrot" when we copy the behavior of others with out understanding what it means. (age:0-3)
Play Stage: Can take on the roles of others. costumes and dress up. (age: 3-6)
Games Stage: can take on multiple roles at the same time. (age:6+)
E.g. when playing team sports.
According to Mead what is the "self"?
our learned understanding of the responses of others to conduct.
What are the 2 parts to "Self" according to Mead?
The "I" (active part. evaluates others reactions.) & the "Me" (passive part. I am a target/ object of action.)
Who is Jean Piaget?
Tells us how we learn to reason (How our minds develop) and the development of our ability to reason.
According to Piaget, what is the Sensorimotor Stage?
When we direct contact with our environment, don't really think, and we learn "object permanence".
According to Piaget, what is the Preoperational Stage?
We can learn a Lang., can not understand causation, can count, but when don't know what the #'s mean, and can not see from others point of view.
According to Piaget, what is Concrete operation stage?
When we can take on the roles of others and team play. we can understand causation and #"s. We also learn the "rule of conservation".
According to Piaget, what is Formal Operation Stage?
Can do abstract thinking and critical thinking, and can also trace logical answer for "What if" Q's.
In Sociology, Sigmund Freud is known for what?
His development of personality. (the id, ego, &superego.)
According to Freud, what is the id?
the inner part of us that drives us to seek self gratification. (pleasure)
According to Freud, what is the ego?
the Balancer. (can't have it all.)
According to Freud, what is the Superego?
The makeup of norms and values that we are suppose to follow. makes you feel guilty if you go against it.