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2014-03-12 23:30:26

Chapter 13 & 14
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  1. cubism
    art style pioneered by Picasso, presenting space and form as though seen through a prism; multiple views of a single object are presented simultaneously.
  2. Pablo Picasso
    Spanish painter (1881-1973), genius of 20th Century art; developed many personal styles of expression, including cubism.
  3. Analytical cubism
    the name given to Picasso and associate George Braque's work during the time period 1910-1912. Images depicted space seen from several points simultaneously, resulting in paintings composed of rhythmic geometric planes.
  4. Synthetic cubism
    Cubist works that built upon initial cubist observations, but also added symbolic elements and collage for representations of the subject matter.
  5. Futurism
    20th century style of modern art that focused on representing the speed, motion, and movement of modern urban life.
  6. Manifesto
    a public declaration of one's ideas & artistic intent.
  7. Artist's Books
    work of art in the form of  book, often created as a one-of-a-kind piece. Often uses or distorts the codex format in an unusual and unique manner.
  8. Dada
    early 20th century movement that claimed to be anti-art and had a strong negative and destructive element; focused on randomness and accidental effects.
  9. Marcel Duchamp
    the most prominent visual artist of the dada movement; exhibited a urinal as art, presented oddly juxtaposed objects as "ready-made" works of art.
  10. Photomontage
    the technique of manipulating found photographic images to create jarring juxtapositions and chance associations.
  11. Surrealism
    art movement that began in the early 1920's; imagery focused on dreamlike subjects and the unconscious mind.
  12. Expressionism
    20th century art movement; artists depicted not objective reality but subjective motions and personal responses to subjects and events.
  13. Wassily Kandinsky
    Russian painter, founding member of Der Blaue Reiter, who because the leading advocate of art that could reveal the spiritual nature of people through orchestration of color, line and form in purely abstract means.
  14. Man Ray
    An American photographer from Philadelphia who experimented with photographic abstractions, pioneered solarization and photograms (which he called Rayographs).
  15. Plakatstil
    The reductive, flat-color poster design style that emerged in Germany early in the 20th century.
  16. Lucian Bernhard
    (1883-1972) self taught artist, pivotal designer of German Plakastil posters. He established the approach to the poster using flat color shapes to illustrate the product, along with the product name hand-painted.
  17. James Montgomery Flagg
    American illustrator whose sketchy painting style was widely known, created 46 war posters, created the iconic "Uncle Sam" recruitment poster based on a model by Thomas Nast.
  18. J.C. Leyendecker
    Was America's most popular illustrator between the World Wars, developed the handsome styling of the "Arrow Collar man".
  19. Ludwig Hohlwein
    Leading Plakastil designer; created advertising images and was ultimately recruited by Hitler and the 3rd Reich to design Nazi propaganda images.
  20. Art Deco
    Popular geometric design style of the 1920-30's. Based on Cubism and design styles from ancient Egyptian, Aztec, Assyria.
  21. A.M. Cassandre
    French Art Deco poster designer; known for his bold, simple designs that emphasized two-dimensionality and are composed of broad, simplified planes of colors. He designed many popular travel posters.
  22. Paul Colin
    the most productive and prolific French designer of French advertising posters in the early 20th century. He used conceptual images and a painterly illustration style.