When do we establish our capacities for sensuality and intimacy?
What are common forms of sex related behavior during childhood?
masturbation and public nudity
What do sexologists recommend as suitable forms of sex education for young children?
books, nudity, show and tell
What is a nocturnal emission?
What do adolescents consider as having sex?
What does the data suggest about teenagers having sexual intercourse?
boys have no problems, girls before 15 have regret
What is the primary source of sex information for the majority of teenagers?
from friends and independent research
How do erotic fantasies and masturbation help adolescents?
makes them open to sexuality
What is dyadic withdrawal?
Are there differences in the patterns of same gender sexual activity between boys and girls?
boys do more (masturbation, homosexual and heterosexual)
What are recent trends in adolescent sexual activity regarding intercourse and outercourse?
intercourse decreased, oral increased, age of sex is younger
What about teen pregnancy rates and methods for preventing pregnancy?
teen pregnancy rises when abstinence only programs are implemented, when handed contraceptives and sex ed pregnancy decreases
What is typical of couples’ attitudes toward sex and marriage after several years?
sex is better and more free
What has Gottman identified as factors in a happy marriage?
be familiar with partner
turn to each other
let your partner influence you
solve the solvable problems
help each other realize dreams
What do psychologists mean by “good enough sex?”
sex that is sufficient but not perfect every time
Who reports greater sexual satisfaction, married people or single people? What about younger or older individuals? What about people in monogamous relationships vs. those in non-monogamous relationships?
married people are more satisfied
older people are more satisfied
people in relationships are more satisfied
What are some current trends in marriage?
marrying as a teenager higher divorce rate
single mothers marry less
college educated people marry more
people with divorced parents marry less
What is the current rate of divorce for first time marriages? What about 2nd marriages? What about 3rd marriages?
1st marriages: 41%
2nd marriages: 60%
3rd marriages: 73%
What is cohabitation? What effects does it have on later marriage? Why?
living together; more marriages fail because they are used to living together; "selection effect" not special
What does research on sexual fidelity indicate?
40% of marriages have infidelity
men and women cheat (50%)
Describe the three types of extramarital affairs discussed in class. Which is most harmful to the marriage?
Opportunistic: cheat because they're weak
Romantic: don't love spouse, fall in love with someone else
Commemorative: committed to spouse, but no feelings
What do we mean by equal status contact?
contact on equal basis by both parties
What do psychologists mean by propinquity?
the state of being close to someone
What are false stereotypes regarding aging and sexuality?
sex is for the young, the young enjoy it more
What is the relationship between aging and sexuality in men and women?