Management Ch. 6
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Specification of the jobs to be done within an organization and the ways in which they relate to one another.
Diagram depicting a company's structure and showing employees where they fit into its operations.
Chain of command
Reporting relationships within a company
The process of identifying the specific jobs that need to be done and desginating people who will perform them.
Process of grouping jobs into logical units.
Separate company unit responsible for its own costs and profits.
Dividing an organisation according to specific products or services being created.
Dividing an organization according to production processes used to create a good or service.
Dividing an organization according to groups' functions or activities.
Dividing an organization to offer products and meet needs for identifiable customer groups.
Dividing an organization according to the areas of the country or the world served by a business.
Organizzation in which most decision-making authority is held by upper-level management
Flat organizational structure
Characteristic of decentralized companies with relatively few layers of management.
Tall organizational structure
Characteristic of decentralized companies with multiple layers of management.
Span of control
Number of people supervised by one manager.
Process through which a manager allocates work to subordinates
Duty to perform an assigned task.
Power to make the decisions necessary to complete a task
Obligation employees have to their manager for the successful completion of an assigned task.
Organizational structure in which authority flows in a direct chain of command from the top of the company to the bottom.
Department directly linked to the production and sales of a specific product.
Authority based on expertise that usually involves counseling and advising line managers.
Advisers and councelors who help line departments in making decisions but who do not have the authority to make final decisions.
Committee and Team Authority
Authority granted to committees or teams involved in a firm's daily operations.
Groups of operating employees who are empowered to plan and organize their own work and to perform that work with a minimum of supervision.
Organization structure in which authority is determined by the relationships between group functions and activities.
Organizational structure in which corporate divisions operate as autonomous businesses under a larger corporate umbrella
Department that resembles a separate business in that it produces and markets its own products.
Organizational structure creates by superimposing one form of structure onto another
International Organizational Structures
Approaches to organizational structure developed in response to the need to manufacture, purchase, and sell in global markets.
Management Ch. 6
Business Essentials Ch. 6