GENETICS UNIT TEST

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Author:
meeeemi
ID:
266331
Filename:
GENETICS UNIT TEST
Updated:
2014-03-13 16:20:28
Tags:
bio
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Description:
3/13/14
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  1. What are 2 reasons to use gel electrophoresis?
    • Convicting criminals
    • Determining parents
  2. What are the 4 ways to detect a disorder?
    • Amniocentesis
    • Karyotyping
    • Blood screening
    • Gel electrophoresis
  3. What is used to isolate genes from DNA?
    restriction enzymes
  4. What is an example of a protein product that is produced using splicing/recombinant DNA
    insulin, hormones
  5. Wide varieties of dogs and plants with desired characteristics are a result of what genetic process?
    selective breeding
  6. Why would a body need more than one type of enzyme?
    Enzymes have specific functions based on their shape
  7. What are 3 advantages of using human insulin over
    • less side effects
    • less likely to be rejected
    • cheaper
  8. Why can an egg containing a nucleus from body cell develop?
    The body cell has the entire genome
  9. What 2 things are the backbone/make up DNA?
    Deoxyribose and phospate
  10. Genes are responsible for making...
    protiens
  11. What bases pair with each other?
    • Adenine & thymine
    • Cytosine & guanine
  12. Transcription occurs in which cell organelle?
    nucleus
  13. Translation occurs in which cell organelle?
    ribosome

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