Legal Studies Chapter 11 Key Terms

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tmoy4565
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266354
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Legal Studies Chapter 11 Key Terms
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2014-03-13 20:05:15
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Legal Studies Exam
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Legal Studies Exam #1
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  1. Acceptance
    The offeree's notification to the offeror that the offeree agrees to be bound by the terms of the offeror's proposal. Although historically the terms of acceptance had to be the mirror image of the terms of the offer, the Uniform Commercial Code provides that even modified terms of the offer in a definite expression of acceptance constitute a contract.
  2. Agreement
    A meeting of two or more minds in regard to the terms of a contract; usually broken down into two events--an offer by one party to form a contract, and an acceptance of the offer by the person to whom the offer is made.
  3. Browse-wrap terms
    Terms and conditions of use that are presented to an internet user at the time certain products, such as software, are being downloaded but need not be agreed to (by clicking "I agree," for example) before being able to install or use the product.
  4. Click-on agreement
    An agreement that arises when a buyer, engaging in a transaction on a computer, indicates his or her assent to be bound by the terms of an offer by clicking on a button that says, for example, "I agree"; sometimes referred to as a click-on license or a click-wrap agreement.
  5. Counteroffer
    An offeree's response to an offer in which the offeree rejects the original and at the same time makes a new offer.
  6. Cybernotary
    A legally recognized authority that can certify the validity of digital signatures.
  7. E-contract
    A contract that is entered into in cyberspace and is evidenced only by electronic impulses (such as those that make up a computer's memory), rather than, for example, a typewritten form.
  8. E-signature
    As defined by the Uniform Electronic Transactions act, "an electronic sound, symbol, or process attached to or logically associated with a record and executed or adopted by a person with the intent to sign the record."
  9. Forum-selection Clause
    A provision in a contract that designating the court, jurisdiction, or tribunal that will decide any disputes arising under the contract.
  10. Mailbox rule
    A rule providing that an acceptance of an offer becomes effective on dispatch(on being placed in a mailbox), if mail is, expressly or impliedly, an authorized means of communication of acceptance to the offeror.
  11. Mirror Image Rule
    A common law rule that requires, for a valid contractual agreement, that the terms of the offeree's acceptance adhere exactly to the terms of the offeror's offeror.
  12. Offer
    A promise or commitment to perform or refrain from performing some specified act in the future.
  13. Option Contract
    A contract under which the offeror cannot revoke his or her offer for a stipulated time period and the offeree can accept or reject the offer during this period without fear that the offer will be made to another person. The offeree must give consideration for the option(the irrevocable offer) to be enforceable.
  14. Partnering Agreement
    An agreement between a seller and a buyer who frequently do business with each other on the terms and conditions that will apply to all subsequently formed electronic contracts.
  15. Record
    According to the Uniform Electronic Transactions Act, information is either inscribed on a tangible medium or stored in an electronic or other medium and is retrievable. The Uniform Computer Transactions Act uses the term record instead of writing.
  16. Revocation
    The withdrawal of an offer by the offereror.Unless an offer is irrevocable, it can be revoked at any time prior to acceptance without liability.
  17. Shrink-wrap Agreement
    An agreement whose terms are expressed in a document located inside a box in which goods (usually software) are packaged; sometimes called a shrink wrap license.

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