Chapter 12 Medical Overview

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hiker0001
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266464
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Chapter 12 Medical Overview
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2014-03-14 17:32:07
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Chapter 12 Medical Overview
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Chapter 12 Medical Overview
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  1. The ____ is your awareness and concern for potentially serious underlying and unseen injuries or illness.
    index of suspicion
  2. When palpating the chest and abdomen, you are attempting to identify areas of:
    tenderness
  3. Patients who are being treated with penicillin for syphilis are considered noncommunicable within:
    24 to 48 hours
  4. Chancres from syphilis are usually located:
    in the genital region
  5. Hepatitis A can only be transmitted from a patient who has an ____ infection.
    acute
  6. The transmission risk for humans with Avian flu is ____.
    low
  7. Of individuals carrying the herpes simplex virus, __% are asymptomatic.
    80
  8. ____ is not easily transmitted in the EMS work setting and is far less contagious than hepatitis B.
    HIV
  9. Although syphilis is commonly thought of as a sexually transmitted disease, it is also a ____ disease.
    bloodborne
  10. ____-____ hepatitis is not contagious.
    Toxin-induced
  11. Hepatitis _ is transmitted orally through oral or fecal contamination.
    A
  12. Most forms of meningitis are not contagious.  However, one form, ____ meningitis, is highly contagious.
    meningococcal
  13. In many states, meningitis is “____.”
    reportable
  14. A chronic mycobacterial disease that usually strikes the lungs
    Tuberculosis
  15. If the ____ involves the brain or kidneys, the patient is only slightly contagious.
    tuberculosis
  16. Disease that occurs shortly after infection is called ____ tuberculosis.
    primary
  17. ____ tuberculosis is common and can be much more difficult to treat, especially because an increasing number of tuberculosis strains have grown resistant to most antibiotics.
    Reactive
  18. TB patients who pose the highest risk almost always have a ____.
    cough
  19. Consider ____ tuberculosis to be the only contagious form because it is the only one that is spread by airborne transmission.
    respiratory
  20. An airborne disease caused by bacteria that mostly affects children younger than 6 years which produces a cough with a distinctive sound.
    pertussis, whooping cough
  21. MRSA
    Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus
  22. Studies have shown that 5% to 15% of health care providers carry ____ in their nares.
    MRSA
  23. The incubation period for MRSA appears to be between _ and __ days.
    • 5
    • 45
  24. You should form your general impression of the patient during the:
    primary assessment
  25. A 58-year-old man complains of chest discomfort and nausea. He is conscious and alert; his blood pressure is 140/90 mm Hg, his pulse is 104 beats/min, and his respirations are 16 breaths/min. Your partner has applied supplemental oxygen.  Prior to assisting the patient with one of his prescribed nitroglycerin tablets, you ask him if he takes medication to treat erectile dysfunction and he tells you that he does.
    You should:
    A. recall that erectile dysfunction drugs can cause hypertension if given with nitroglycerin.
    B. ask him what he takes, how much, and when he last took it.
    C. avoid giving him nitroglycerin and transport him at once.
    D. administer his nitroglycerin and then reassess his blood pressure.
    B. ask him what he takes, how much, and when he last took it.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  26. In addition to obtaining a SAMPLE history and asking questions related to the chief complaint, what else should you inquire about when assessing a patient with a potentially infectious disease?
    A. drug allergies
    B. sexual practices
    C. HIV status
    D. recent travel
    D. recent travel
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)

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