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  1. In what taxpayers can the front cornice be removed to gain access to the cockloft?
    Older type pre 1920
  2. When should a roof sector supervisor be used on the roof of a taxpayer?
    As soon as can be either a company officer or chief...unless cutting is critical then a chief officer should be assigned
  3. Generally , wood joists run the short side of the building or occupancy, particularly in the older taxpayers where the occupancies within a taxpayer have frontages not exceeding ____ feet?
  4. What is the recommended whole size when cutting a taxpayers roof?
    8' x 8'...when not possible cut the largest hole possible
  5. When cutting first floors in taxpayers to vent the cellar where should you cut?
    The cut should be made as near to the windows as possible and away from the doorways aisles...All such cuts should be covered by a hose line
  6. What is the paramount concern in operations with bow string truss roofs?
    Life hazard and safety of the members involved in the operation
  7. True or False....Under no circumstances shall any member operate on the roof of any building involved in a content or structural fire with a wooden, metal or combination bowstring truss design
  8. At vacant buildings with bowstring truss roof construction, what should be the primary tactical consideration?
    Exterior operations
  9. At large or advanced fires or where the timber trusses or the underside of the roof are involved in fire, what should be the primary tactical consideration?
    Exterior operations
  10. IN buildings with ceilings, the bowstring trusses are found in an attic area above the ceilings. This can be extremely dangerous, as interior operating forces at an apparent small localized fire may be unaware of fire involvement in the trusses above them. How can you detect fire conditions above?
    • Use the thermal imaging camera
    • Make a triangular cut in the slopping hip section in the front and/ or rear of the roof from the safety of a tower ladder bucket
  11. Can you operate on the roof of a bowstring truss building not involved in fire?
    Yes....IC must take into consideration the past history of building, particularly if it was vacant
  12. With newer taxpayers, lightweight open web steel joists are often used. Corrugated steel is the most common type decking how often is the joists spaced?
    Every 4 to 6 feet
  13. What indicates a gypsum roof and can you operate on it?
    The presence of a white powdery residue during saw operations..NO NEVER..notify Roof Sector supervisor and IC and get off roof
  14. How wide should a trench cut be?
    At least 3 feet wide
  15. What do you do when two hand lines are operating on an advanced fire in a store?
    Special call an extra engine and truck
  16. When do you transmit a 2nd alarm in a taxpayer?
    • Extension to the cockloft
    • Adjoining occupancy
    • or advanced fire in the cellar
  17. A properly positioned tower ladder can cover a building with a frontage of ____feet?
  18. What should be the portable ladder placement at a taxpayer?
    • 2 on the front...used to indicate boundries of the building
    • One on each additional side for a total of 5
  19. If the building has a fire command station who should establish the ICP at this location?
    First to arrive BC
  20. If a building doesn't have a Fire Command Station or the location of the station makes it unsuitable for use, where should the ICP be established?
    The ICP should be established outside the building close enough to maintain radio communications with operating units but far enough away to be able to properly size up the situation
  21. When can you use a 1 3/4 line in a taxpayer?
    • After the initial attack
    • In adjoining exposures when compatible with fire conditions
  22. What is to be given a high priority after the establishment of the initial line?
    Supplying the sprinkler system
  23. For fire that is traveling rapidly along a row of stores in a taxpayer it may be best to do what?
    Skip stores and stretch lines into alternate stores ahead of the fire
  24. What must be done with interior forces before operating into a trench?
    The must be withdrawn
  25. Who announces over the handie talkie when initial hose line operations are to commence?
    The engine company officer
  26. What may provide entrance to the cellar of a taxpayer?4 things
    • An interior trap door
    • An interior cellar stairway
    • An exterior flush sidewalk door
    • An exterior stairway or horizontal entrance from an adjoining occupancy
  27. True or False---If there is an interior stair to the cellar, especially if it is an open stair and conditions permit, the first line must be stretched to this point to prevent the spread of fire and to permit operations on the first floor?
  28. If the first line is stretched down the interior stairs where should the second line go?
    To the top of the stairs to protect the members in the cellar and prevent upward extension of the fire
  29. If you cant hit the fire and their is high stock in the basement what can you do with the line?
    Try to deflect off the ceiling and over the stock
  30. Cellars of large area or heavy fire conditions may require what?
    Two lines advancing in unison...if this doesn't work then heavy outside streams maybe required
  31. What should you use as a last resort for cellar fires in taxpayers?
    The use of the stang nozzle or tower ladder pipe to flood the 1st floor
  32. Who ensures that the sprinkler system is supplied at a taxpayer fire?
    The 3rd engine
  33. At a store fire in a taxpayer during business hours where should the 1st engine stretch there line?
    Between the people and the fire...break store windows for line advancement and leaves doors for people to exit
  34. Where should the first two handlines be stretched for a store fire?
    To the store involved
  35. For fire in the cockloft the IC should order what into the interior of the store?
    The cockloft nozzle
  36. What is the last resort for a cockloft fire?
    The use of towerladder, multiversal and deck pipe streams
  37. What is the major problems at cockloft fires?
    • Rapid extension of fire thru out
    • serious exposure to adjoining buildings, particularly on the lee side of the building
    • Life hazards
    • collapse of celings, roof, parapet walls, ac units or equipment on roof
    • Danger of pent up gases in cockloft exploding
  38. When fire has control of the cockloft and the need for exposure protection is critical where is the first line stretched?
    Into the most seriously exposed occupancy, depending on life hazard and severity of the fire...when exposures are NOT a problem stretch line into store under the main body of fire
  39. When fire has control of the cockloft and the 2nd engine is not needed on the first line and exposure protection is critical where do they stretch the 2nd line to?
    Stretch a line into another seriously exposed building...may be advisable to skip stores to confine fire
  40. Who's responsibility is it to locate and identify the fire area?
    The first ladder company...if they cannot not do it because they are attending to a life then the 2nd ladder company shall do it
  41. When should the roof fire firefighter check for extension into the cockloft?
    Early and often
  42. How high off the street level should the tower ladder be positioned if the use of the heavy stream is needed?
    A foot or two
  43. When can you suspect a cellar fire?
    Suspect a cellar fire if smoke shows in many stores and there is a high heat condition on the first floor with no visible flame in either case
  44. When sending members into cellars to shutdown utilities, how many masked members must be sent down?
    2 to act as a team
  45. Who is responsible for shutting down utilities in a taxpayer fire?
    The 1st truck forcible entry team
  46. Where should the 2nd due truck inside team go for a cellar fire in a taxpayer?
    To adjoining stores to check for extension
  47. Who brings the saw to the roof of a cellar fire in a taxpayer?
    The 2nd due roof man
  48. Where do most taxpayer fires originate?
    In the store occupancy which is usually the street level, in the rear storage or utility area
  49. Ventilation of the store at the front by the removal of show window shall be done if ordered by?
    Incident Commander and a charged line is in position
  50. Where does the 1st LCC of an aerial go for a cockloft fire?
    To the roof
  51. Who takes a saw to the roof for a cockloft fire in a taxpayer?
    The 1st and 2nd due roof
  52. T or F --You can use the Bam Bam tool on case hardened cylinders
    False they are ineffective
  53. How do you make a cut with the power saw on the security gates?
    Make a triangle with the APEX at the top
  54. What are the OV's tool assignment at a taxpayer fire?
    The Maul and Halligan
  55. True or False --When the member going to the roof is carrying the saw, a hook must also be taken.  Members going to the roof subsequently should bring an ax or iron with the saw if available.
  56. Truck companies , other then 1st or 2nd arriving on the initial alarm, should report in with what besides their normal tool assignment?
    10 and 12 foot hooks
  57. What must not be overlooked if the occupancy on the second floor is a dance hall, meeting hall, etc?
    The possibility of a large open stairway
  58. What is the most common size of taxpayers?
    100 x 100'
  59. Since when was the newer type of taxpayer constructed?
    Since the 1960's and can contain newer construction methods such as lightweight construction
  60. When was the most common type of taxpayer built from?
    1920's threw 1960's
  61. What is often the only access to a  mezzanine are?
    A small wooden stairs or just a ladder
  62. Rules for sprinkler protection? 1938 code?
    area exceeding 10,000 square feet
  63. Rules for sprinkler protection? 1968 code?
    Area exceeding 7,500  square feet
  64. Rules for sprinkler protection? 2008 code?
    FULL BUILDING---Area exceeding 12,000 square feet OR the combined area on all floors including mezzanines exceeds 24,000 square feet. (BC 903.2.6) Storage of merchandise is in high-piled racks or rack storage arrays (BC 903.2.6.1)  OCCUPANCY WITHIN BUILDING-Area exceeding 7,500 square feet OR area of any size is located 3 stories above grade OR area of any size is located in a High Rise building OR area of any size contains an unenclosed stair or escalator connecting two or more
  65. What can be the size of the cockloft in a taxpayer?
    4 inches to more then 6 feet
  66. There are many types of roofs on taxpayers but the most common is constructed of?
    wood joists covered with either tongue and groove boards or plywood
  67. The roof joists may be supported at approximately ___ -foot intervals, by exterior brick bearing walls, interior load bearing studded partitions, wood or steel girders supported by steel lally columns or wood columns.
  68. Updated calculations have revealed that bowstring truss roofs may only support  ___ % of the load they were originally designed to hold.
  69. In older type truss roof buildings, the trusses may be spaced ___ or ___ feet apart with roof beams installed between the trusses to support the roof coverings.
    10 or 20
  70. Buildings with bowstring truss roofs must be entered into the eCIDS program, with the abbreviation _____  as the FD Designation.
  71. Open web steel joists come in standardized lengths, depths and carrying capacities.  They are used to span long distances up to ___ feet.
    60 feet
  72. A 12' x 24' marquee, 4' deep, when filled would contain approximately ___ tons of water.  In effect, a hanging swimming pool.  Marquees are required by the building code to have drainage facilities.  Many have been found to have roof type gutters and down spouts blocked with debris, rubbish and rubber balls.
    35 tons
  73. An average 50 foot long steel beam, heated uniformly over its length to 970 F will extend in length approximately____ inches.  A longer "I" beam will expand a proportionately greater distance, and as the temperature increases, the rate of expansion increases.  At 1000 F a 100-foot long beam will have extended in length __________inches
    4; 9 1/2 inches
  74. When these steel beams are heated from ____F to _____ F, their yield strength drops dramatically and they start to soften and fail. This temperature can be reached in ___ to ___ minutes at a fire and it is only a matter of time at an uncontrolled fire (thirty minutes for the smaller beam sections), until these beams can be heated beyond their strength limitations.
    1000F to 1500F...... 5 to 10 minutes
  75. Cast iron columns are unpredictable and fail, on the average, in about ____ minutes in fire endurance tests. Some columns fail sooner than cast iron columns.
    30 minutes
  76. T or F --- The failure of a column is generally more serious than the failure of a girder or beam
  77. Security gates---Doors used in residential installations range in weight from ___to ___pounds.  Larger commercial occupancies will have much larger and heavier doors.
    150 to 400 lbs.
  78. How can you secure a security gate from falling freely down once the springs are busted?
    Using vice grips on rail or putting a ladder underneath it
  79. Heavy body of fire which has been burning out of control for ___ minutes or more, particularly in a large open floor area can be a warning sign for a collapse
    20 minutes
  80. Some occupancies containing hazardous materials are?
    • Drug stores
    • paint stores
    • super markets
    • bakeries
    • swimming pool supply stores
    • smoke shops
  81. How should you put out fire in a smoke shop?
    Use 2 1/2 and knock down from sidewalk area before entry is attempted...use extreme caution
  82. Three basic factors necessary for ordinary combustion are also necessary for a backdraft are?
    • combustibles
    • oxygen
    • heat
  83. Warning signs of a potential backdraft are?
    • reversal of air
    • glass windows stained with smoke and pulsating from pressure
  84. What are the colors of smoke associated with potential backdrafts?
    • Dirty brown
    • yellow brown
    • gray yellow
    • Dense black smoke
  85. It must be remembered that in a high heat condition, combustible gases and highly heated contents are now present in the structure.  All that is missing is a source of air or oxygen to create an explosive fire.  A room or fire area requires only ___ percent of its space to contain the explosive mixture for the entire area to possibly explode.  The entire area could explode when firefighters enter to search and allow fresh air to enter with them.
    25 percent
  86. How many saws and men should be on the roof for a taxpayer fire?
    At minimum 2 saws and 4 a roof sector supervisor
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FDNY Taxpayers
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