Chapter 10 pregnancy

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BenWood
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266543
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Chapter 10 pregnancy
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2014-03-23 14:24:35
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Chapter 10 pregnancy
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Chapter 10 pregnancy
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  1. ___ means "born alive" and development of fertilized egg occurs ___ the mother.
    Viviparous, inside.
  2. A true uterus capable of supporting the development of the embryo to completition is a characteristic of ____ ____.
    Placental mammals.
  3. ___ are mammals that lay eggs.
    Monotremes
  4. Placental mammals have a true ____ capable of supporting the development of the embryo to completetion.
    uterus
  5. ___ are mammals that do not have a placenta.
    Marsupials
  6. Signs of pregnany
  7. ___ is produced by implanting embryo and maintains early pregnany.
    hCG.
  8. Pregnancy tests measure hCG levels but typically can't detect presense of hCG until __ - __ weeks after a missed menstrual period.
    2-4
  9. ___ is the term that means false pregnancy.
    Pseudocyesis.
  10. 2-3 weeks after a missed period physicians midwives or clinics review:
    medical history including any surgeries diseases or past venereal diseases and general health, pattern of menstrual cycles, and previous pregnancies or miscarriages.
  11. When visiting a physician it is important to communicate any genetic ___ of self or partner.
    disorders
  12. These are performed to determine if you're pregnant.
    Complete pelvic exam, blood sample, diabetic test, and pap smear.
  13. Estimated number of STDs infested pregnant women.
  14. Monthly exams for first __-__ months of the pregnancy and __ a month following that time until last month of pregnancy when visits will be weekly.
    5-6, twice.
  15. # of recommended doctor visits during pregnancy
    ~18-20
  16. Stages of Prenatal Development: ___ ___ and ___
    Preembryo (preimplantation), embryo, and fetus
  17. ___ is the developing offspring.
    Conceptus
  18. Preembryo (preimplantation): zygote -> ___ week after fertilization.
    2nd
  19. Embryo: __-___ week after fertilization. When tissues + organs are formed.


    3rd-8th
  20. Fetus: __- __ week after fertilization. When growth and maturation occurs.


    9th-38th
  21. A trimester is ___ months
    3
  22. Actual length of pregnancy: ___ days (__ weeks)
    266, 38
  23. Clincal length of pregnancy: __ days (__ weeks)
    280, 40
  24. Estimated delivery date by counting back __ months from 1st day of last period then add 1 year and __ days.
    3, 7
  25. Placentation: after __ weeks (~_ months) the placenta is fully formed.
    9, 3
  26. Hormones secreted by the placenta are ___, ___, and ____
    progesterone, human placental lactogen (hPL), human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) *more to come
  27. After 9 weeks (~ 3 months) the ___ is fully formed.
    placenta
  28. Human placental lactogen (hPL) stimulates ___ growth.
    fetal
  29. Human placental lactogen (hPL) stimulates __ development and __ production.
    breast, milk
  30. Human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) produced by ___ ___
    implanting embryo
  31. Human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) maintains early ___.
    pregnancy.
  32. Formation of the placenta is called ___.
    placentation
  33. Fetal (extraembryonic) membranes are membranes that extend beyond the ___.
    embryo.
  34. Fetal (extraembryonic membranes) develop during __ and __ weeks.
    2nd and 3rd
  35. ___ is a fluid filled sac that eventually surrounds embryo.
    Amnion
  36. ___ forms part of digestive tract; 1st site of RBC formation; source for germ cells.
    Yolk sac
  37. __ form umbilical cord.
    Allantois
  38. ___ form embryonic portion of placenta.
    Chorion
  39. ___ are outgrowths from yolk sacs.
    Allantois
  40. ___ produce finger-like projections into endometrium.
    Chorion
  41. __ are finger-lik projections produced by chorion.
    Chorionic villi
  42. The structure formed during pregnancy through which the embryo/fetus derives nutrients.
    Placenta
  43. Placenta is composed of ___ and ___ tissues.
    Fetal and meternal.
  44. Chorion is the ___ portion that the placenta is composed of.
    fetal
  45. Decidua is the ___ portion the placenta is composed of.
    maternal.
  46. Placenta diagram
  47. Chorion frondosum bears numberous chorionic ___ that interlock with the decidua ___.
    villi, basalis.
  48. Since the beginning of the HIV/AIDs epidemic, 15000 children have been infect and 3000 have died. ___ % of those infected were infected during prgnancy or birth (perinatal transmission).
    90
  49. In most cases (health status of mother plays a role) HIV will not cross through the __ from mother to baby.
    placenta.
  50. Diagram 2 of placenta / pregnancy
  51. Transformation of female body during pregnancy.
  52. The __-___ ___ is primary source of steroid hormones in pregnant female.
    fetal-placental unit.
  53. ___ is the major estrogen during pregnancy.


    Estriol
  54. hCG maintains the ____ during the first ___ weeks of pregnancy (syncytiotrophoblast)
    corpus luteum, 8
  55. Progesterone maintains the ___.
    Endometrium
  56. Estriol & Estradiol stimulate ___ growth and blood flow
    uterine.
  57. Progresterone suppresses ___ contractions.
    myometrial
  58. Estriol & Estradiol stimulate ____ contractions.
    myometrial
  59. Progesterone inhibits _-_- axis (inhibits GnRH release)
    H-P-O
  60. Estriol & Estradiol increase ____ uptake.
    cholesterol.
  61. Progesterone stimulates ___ gland development.
    mammary
  62. Estriol & Estradiol stimulate ___ gland development.
    mammary
  63. hPGH (human placental growth hormone) & hPL (human placental lactogen) promote and regulates ___ growth.
    fetal.
  64. Prolactin and hPL prepare ___ glands for ___ production
    mammary, milk
  65. CRH (corticotropin-releasing hormone) initates ____.
    parturition (birth)
  66. hPGH (human placental growth hormone) & hPL (human placental lactogen) regulates maternal and fetal ___ utilization.
    energy.

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