Ch7T1,2

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Author:
aphy101
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266552
Filename:
Ch7T1,2
Updated:
2014-03-15 14:26:44
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profmwinston
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Description:
Chapter 7 Topics 1 and 2
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  1. Layer of hyaline cartilage that coats the articulating portion of the epiphysis.
    Articular Cartilage
  2. Type of bone that has a continuous extracellular matrix with no gaps.
    Compact Bone
  3. Shaft of the bone.
    Diaphysis
  4. Portion of the bone that is farthest from the torso.
    Distal Epiphysis
  5. Semi-rigid tube with a hollow chamber formed in the diaphysis.
    Medullary Cavity
  6. Tough vascular covering of dense connective tissue that encloses the bone.
    Periosteum
  7. Portion of the bone that is closest to the torso.
    Proximal Epiphysis
  8. Type of bone that consists of many branching plates called trabeculae with irregular spaces between them.
    Spongy Bone
  9. Thin bony plates that compose spongy bone.
    Trabeculae
  10. Thin membrane containing bone-forming cells that lines the medullary cavity.
    Endosteum
  11. Expanded portions at the ends of a long bone that articulates with another bone.
    Epiphyses or Epiphyseal Plates
  12. A specialized type of soft connective tissue.
    Marrow
  13. Cements osteons together to form compact bone.
    Bone Matrix
  14. Transports nutrients and wastes to and from bone cells.
    Canaliculi
  15. Longitudinal canal containing blood vessels and nerves; the blood and nerve fibers travel to and nourish bone cells via perforating canals between them.
    Central Canal
  16. Transverse canal that connect central canals; contain larger blood vessels and nerves by which the smaller ones in the central canals communicate with the surface of the bone and the medullary cavity.
    Perforating Canal or Volkmann’s Canal
  17. Tiny chambers in bone matrix housing osteocytes.
    Lacunae
  18. A layer of bone matrix.
    Lamella
  19. Bone cells.
    Osteocytes
  20. Cylinder-shaped units surrounding central canals composed of osteocytes and extracellular matrix.
    Osteons

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