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Layer of hyaline cartilage that coats the articulating portion of the epiphysis.
Type of bone that has a continuous extracellular matrix with no gaps.
Shaft of the bone.
Portion of the bone that is farthest from the torso.
Semi-rigid tube with a hollow chamber formed in the diaphysis.
Tough vascular covering of dense connective tissue that encloses the bone.
Portion of the bone that is closest to the torso.
Type of bone that consists of many branching plates called trabeculae with irregular spaces between them.
Thin bony plates that compose spongy bone.
Thin membrane containing bone-forming cells that lines the medullary cavity.
Expanded portions at the ends of a long bone that articulates with another bone.
Epiphyses or Epiphyseal Plates
A specialized type of soft connective tissue.
Cements osteons together to form compact bone.
Transports nutrients and wastes to and from bone cells.
Longitudinal canal containing blood vessels and nerves; the blood and nerve fibers travel to and nourish bone cells via perforating canals between them.
Transverse canal that connect central canals; contain larger blood vessels and nerves by which the smaller ones in the central canals communicate with the surface of the bone and the medullary cavity.
Perforating Canal or Volkmann’s Canal
Tiny chambers in bone matrix housing osteocytes.
A layer of bone matrix.
Cylinder-shaped units surrounding central canals composed of osteocytes and extracellular matrix.
Chapter 7 Topics 1 and 2