ASP Domain 1

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ASP Domain 1
2014-03-16 21:42:00

Domain 1 - Recognizing Safety, Health, and Environmental Hazards
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  1. A baceria can cause injury to the human body by:
    • Invasion and destruction of cells
    • Production of toxic materials
    • Producing damaging hypersensitivity reactions
  2. A virus can adversely affect the human body by:
    Taking over the metabolic function of the cells
  3. Body cell exposure to extremely low temperature causes:
    Hypothermic injury
  4. Ionizing radiation causes injury within the cell by attacking and altering the:
  5. Acoustic trauma is:
    Instantaneous damage caused by a loud noise
  6. Study of the relationship between excessive noise and hearing loss fall within the domain of:
  7. The major emphasis of the science of epidemiology as relates to disease is:
  8. Epidemiological studies that attempt to note the number of cases of a specific disease in a specific time period are generally known as:
    Descriptive studies
  9. In an epidemiological study 2 out of 1,000 people were found to have a disease. the prevalence for this study is:
  10. Antibodies are any part of the body globulines that are capable of chemically react with antigens. One of the major results of this reaction is:
    Neutralization of toxins
  11. Density of a substance is defined as:
    Mass of a unit volume
  12. Atomic number is referred to the number of:
  13. Atomic mass refers to the number of:
    Protons plus neutrons
  14. Isotopes are atoms of a given matter with:
    The same atomic number but different atomic mass. 
  15. A mole of a substance can be calculated by:
    Dividing its weight by its molecular weight
  16. Covalent bonds are formed by:
    Sharing electrons among atoms
  17. Ionic bonds are:
    Are stonger than covalent bonds
  18. Ionic bonds are formed by:
    (answer needed)
  19. Reactions that generate heat are classified as:
  20. 50 gram per liter solution of NaCl has a molarity of
  21. Vapor pressure of a liquid
    Increases with an increase in temperature
  22. The molecular weight of vinegar CH3COOH is:
    C=12, H=1, O=16
  23. Specific heat refers to the:
    The amount of heat required to raise the temperature of a unit mass by one degree.
  24. Heat of fusion refers to:
    The amount of heat required to melt a solid without chaning its temperature
  25. The empirical formula is:
  26. How many moles of sulfur are there in 20 grams of sulfur. Sulfur has an atomic weight of 32
  27. Ideal Gas Law
    P V = n R T

    • where:
    • P - Pressure  (1 pascal)
    • V - Volume
    • n - number of moles of a substance
    • r - constant  (Universal gas constant 8.3145)
    • T - Temperature
  28. Within the Ideal Gas Law, pressure is expressed as:


    1 Pa = 1 Newton/sq meter
  29. Within the Ideal Gas law, the universal constant is expressed as:
    R = 8.3145  L kPa / K mol
  30. Standard Temperature and Pressure (STP):
    zero (0) degrees Celsius

    100 Kilopascals
  31. One Mole of any ideal gas takes up:
    22.4 liters of space at Standard Temperature and Pressure (STP)
  32. Absolute Zero
    Temperature at which all movement of all particles stops

    0 Kelvins = -273.15 degrees C
  33. The universal color used for displaying radiation hazards signs and labels is:
    Magenta on Yellow background
  34. Work place exposures to radiation are typically measrued in units of:
  35. The rate of a chemical reaction increases with an increase in temperature. In order for the temperature to increase, we must add heat to the reaction meadia. A "runaway chemical reaction" is defined as one that the rate of reaction increase is out of control. This type of hazardous reaction can most probably take place in what class of chemical reaction?
  36. The reaction between an acid and a base can best be described as:
  37. Hydrocarbons are compounds that contain only carbon and hydrogen atoms in their molecules. Hydrocarbons are classified into , alkanes, alkenes, and alkynes...To what class of hydrocarbons does the flammable gas ethylene belong?
  38. A toxic chemical is one that can create an adverse effect:
    In relatively small dosage
  39. Acute toxicity refers to:
    Immediate adverse effects of a toxic chemical
  40. Simple asphyxiants are those chemicals which:
    Cause suffocation by reducing oxygen concentration
  41. Chemical asphyxiants are those chemicals which:
    have a higher affinity for binding with hemoglobin than oxygen
  42. The effect a target-organ chemical produces in the body primary depends on:
    The amount of chemical
  43. Chemicals that attack the liver upon entry into the body are called:
  44. Chemicals that attack the kidney upon entry into the bady are called:
  45. Sensitizers are chemicals that usually:
    • Do not have any sensitization effect on the first exposure.
    • Can cause an allergic effect after repeated exposures.
    • May cause sensitization in some people and have no sensitization effects on others.
  46. A reproductive toxin:
    • May affect both males and females
    • Interferes with the reproduction process by creation of mutations or teratogenesis