Chapter 16 - South Asia
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Physical Geography of South Asia
What are the three major rivers that begin in the Himalayas and run across part of India?
Indus, the Ganga, and the Brahmaputra.
What is an alluvial plain and what is special about the alluvial plain of the Ganges?
An alluvial plain is a largely flat landform created by the deposition of sediment over a long period of time by one or more rivers coming from highland regions, from which alluvial soil forms.
When is the monsoon season in India and what is a cyclone?
Most of the region has little or no rainfall for eight months of the year. Then, beginning in May and early June, temperatures begin to rise sharply. Cyclone - a storm with high winds and heavy rains.
How does the rainfall differ when it is not the monsoon season?
Some areas don't get monsoons at all so they stay dry. When it isn't the monsoon season it is still rainy, but not as much.
What are the natural resources of the area?
Water, silver, petroleum, and forests are some of the natural resources of South Asia.
History of South Asia
Where are the remains of one of the oldest know civilizations found, and how old are they?
Lankan is in the Indian Ocean southwest of the Bay of Bengal. Sri Lanka is separated from the Indian subcontinent by the Gulf of Mannar and Palk Strait.
How can artifacts show that people traveled over long distances?
If the same sort of artifact is found in an area and another this can show that it has moved with the people it originated from. This can make a trail which could turn into a long one to show that people traveled over long distances.
What is the caste system and how did it work?
In India, the caste system is a system of social stratification and which is now also used as a basis for affirmative action. Historically, it separated communities into thousands of endogamous hereditary groups called Jātis.It divides humanity into classes by a number of things. In the Hindu caste system one may be divided by occupation. The priestly and educated at the top, the soldiers and leaders next followed by traders and farmers. Artist and service people would be considered the lowest.
What are the two major legacies of the Aryan civilizations?
The first legacy was social. Aryans believed that society could be successful only if people followed strict roles and tasks. So, they established the caste system. The second legacy was literary. The Aryans composed long poetic texts, called the Vedas, in the ancient Sanskrit language.
What ancient language is the parent of Hindi and was also influential in the development of Greek and Latin?
Sanskrit is the parent language of Hindi, one of the most important languages in modern India. Sanskrit also greatly influenced the development of ancient Greek and Latin.
What are the Vedas or Rig Veda?
The Vedas are a large body of texts originating in ancient India.The Rig Veda is a collection of Vedic Sanskrit hymns counted among the four Hindu religious texts known as the Vedas.
Who is the founder and what is the holy book of Hindu?
Brahma is the first god in the Hindu triumvirate, or trimurti. The triumvirate consists of three gods who are responsible for the creation, upkeep and destruction of the world. The other two gods are Vishnu and Shiva. Vedas is the Holy book of Hinduism
What is reincarnation and karma?
Reincarnation: the rebirth of a soul in a new body. Karma: the sum of a person's actions in this and previous states of existence, viewed as deciding their fate in future existences.
Who was Siddhartha Gautama?
He is Buddha.
What are the Buddhist 4 noble truths?
The four noble truths are:
The truth of dukkha (suffering, anxiety, unsatisfactoriness)
The truth of the origin of dukkha.
The truth of the cessation of dukkha.
The truth of the path leading to the cessation of dukkha.
The Guptas, a powerful group in India hundreds of years ago, developed many science, math, and medical breakthroughs. What is a major one still used today?
Gupta scholars developed the decimal system in mathematics that we still use today.
What European nation controlled India until 1847 and called their rule Raj? What influential nonviolent person gave India its independence?
The British controlled India and called it Raj. Mohandas K. Gandhi gave India its independence, along with Jawaharlal Nehru.
Life in South Asia
What are the two official languages of India?
Hindi and English.
What religions are India, Pakistan, and Bangladesh?
Muslim is the religion that India, Pakistan, and Bangladesh are.
What is family life like in South Asia and how does marriage often occur?
Family life in South Asia is usually bad but if you have kids it isn't so bad because when the male is out of the house the girl has somebody to talk to or interact with (taking care of her babies or children). A marriage in South Asia often occurs when a girl is at the age of 12-15 and her parents choose a male, usually older than the girl and force the girl to marry him. The male treats her very badly and holds her captive sometimes.
Why do people from South Asia usually not eat a lot of meat?
Because of some of their religious guidelines.
What two South Asian countries are always in disagreement and conflict?
India and Pakistan.
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