opath lists

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emm64
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266756
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opath lists
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2014-08-08 00:25:05
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opath lists
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  1. WHITE LESIONS rub off
    • I: Acute pseudomembranous candidiasis
    • mucous patch
    • materia alba
    • P: chemical burn (ASA, peroxide)
    • toothpaste-associated slough
    • denture paste
    • A: collapsed bullae
  2. Epithelial Thickenings, NOT rub off
    • H: white sponge nevus
    • HBID hereditary benign intraepithelial dyskeratosis
    • Leukoedema
    • I: chronic hyperplastic candidiasis
    • hairy leukoplakia, (hairy tongue)
    • P: frictional keratosis
    • surgical scars & grafts
    • M: Palifermin® keratosis
    • A: lichen planus*, LE, GVH
    • N: leukoplakia (idiopathic)
    • snuff dipper's leukoplakia (smokeless tobacco keratosis)
    • nicotine stomatitis
    • actinic keratosis/cheilitis
    • submucous fibrosis
    • squamous cell CA
  3. PAPILLARY LESIONS
    • I: papillomas:
    • squamous papilloma
    • condyloma acuminatum
    • verruca vulgaris,
    • (multi)focal epithelial hyperplasia
    • P: inflammatory Papillary Hyperplasia
    • N:verrucous keratosis
    • verrucous carcinoma
    • Proliferative Verrucous Leucoplakia.
    • papillary squamous carcinoma
  4. localized juvenile spongiotic gingival hyperplasia
    distinctive form of inflammatory gingival hyperplasia in young patients
  5. RED &/or VASCULAR
    • H: hemangioma
    • Sturge-Weber (encephalotrigeminal angiomatosis)
    • I: atrophic candidiasis
    • median rhomboid glossitis
    • P: radiation, xerostomia
    • A: allergic contact stomatitis"plasma cell gingivitis"lichenoid “family”
    • N: erythroplakia (Dyspl-CIS included in this term)
    • Squamous carcinoma
    • Kaposi’s Sarcoma
  6. petechiae & ecchymoses
    • suction, URI, idiopathic,
    • mononucleosis, thrombocyte disorders*, clotting disorders*,
    • leukemia, strep. Pharyngitis ( & many more)
    • hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia
    • migratory glossitis/ stomatitis
    • ______________
    • pyogenic granuloma, granulation tissue
  7. "red gums"
    • pemphigus*, pemphigoid*, lichen planus*
    • Chronic ulcerative stomatitis
  8. Long Term Ulcers
    • I: Bacterial*:(syphilis*, gonorrhea, tuberculosis, actinomycosis)
    • specific deep fungal*
    • P: chronic trauma, necrotizing.sialometaplasia
    • A: major aphthae, Behcet's, Crohn disease
    • N: squamous cell carcinoma
    • other specific malignancy*
  9. Short term ulcers
    • aphthous ulcers (minor)
    • acute trauma
    • Erythema multiforme
    • cyclic neutropenia
  10. VESICULAR
    • I: HSV *, varicella zoster
    • Specific Coxsackie infections*, measles
  11. BULLOUS/EROSIVE
    • H: epidermolysis bullosa (subtypes not necessary)
    • A: Antibody-mediated*, type 3*, type 4*
  12. PIGMENTED
    • use melanoma as appropriate
    • Flat/circumscribed
    • H: ephelis
    • Lentigo: actinic, simple (P-J synd.)
    • cafe-au-lait, melanotic macule, junctional nevus
    • Flat/ non-circumscribed
    • H: physiologic pigmentation
    • Sun tanning
    • M: Addison disease, Melasma
    • drug-related*
    • P: Post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation
    • smoker's melanosis
  13. Not Flat, pigmented
    • Acquired melanocytic nevi*, congenital melanocytic nevi
    • seborrheic keratosis
    • melanoma#: nodular, sup. spreading, acral lentiginous, lentigo maligna
    • Dermatosis papulosa nigra
  14. melanoma#:
    • nodular,
    • sup. spreading,
    • acral lentiginous,
    • lentigo maligna
  15. SPECIAL CASES (PIGM.)
    • blue nevus, Nevus of Ota, Mongolian spot
    • halo nevus________________
    • NON-MELANOCYTIC
    • amalgam tattoo, heavy metal pigment
  16. SKIN & EYE (SELECTED)
    • basal cell carcinoma
    • Rosacea & rhinophyma, psoriasis
    • actinic keratosis, squamous cell carcinoma
    • Xanthelasma, pinguecula / pterygium, arcus senilis
    • dermatophytoses* know 4 by location
    • alopecia areata
    • Hypopigmented: vitiligo, pityriasis versicolor, halo nevus
    • open & closed & solar comedones
    • Acrochordon/skin tag
    • urticaria
  17. NORMAL Oral
    Gingival fibrous nodules, Retrocuspid papilla
  18. LUMPS & BUMPS
    • Localized Gingival
    • pyogenic granuloma
    • peripheral giant cell gran..
    • peripheral ossifying fibroma
    • focal fibrous hyperplasia
    • peripheral odontogenic fibroma
  19. Away from sulcus (usually)
    Parulis, gingival cyst
  20. infant lumps
    • dental lamina cyst, eruption cyst
    • congenital epulis (CGGCT)
    • mel. neuroectodermal tumor of infancy
  21. Generalized ging. enlargement
    • H: fibromatosis gingivae
    • I: non-spec. hyperpl. gingiv.
    • M: pregnancy, puberty, diabetes
    • Meds:*(phenytoin, nefedipine, cyclosporin
    • N: leukemic
  22. Lateral neck lumps:
    • think lymph node things
    • H: branchial cleft cyst
    • I:non-specific lymphadenitis
    • specific infections
    • Bacterial: tuberculosis
    • cat scratch fever
    • N: metastatic carcinoma
    • lymphoma
    • Hodgkin's **
    • non-Hodgkin's**
    • carotid body tumor
    • lymphangioma
  23. Parotid lumps
    • H: polycystic disease
    • I: non-specific parotitis
    • eg. post anesthesia
    • specific infections
    • mumps, CMV
    • P: Obstructive/ sialolithiasis
    • M: Sialadenosis*
    • obesity, bulemia
    • alcoholism, diabetes, others*
    • A: Sjogren Syndrome
    • N: pleomorphic adenoma
    • papillary cystadenoma lymphomatosum (Warthin tumor)
    • oncocytoma
    • muco-epidermoid carcinoma
    • adenoid cystic carcinoma
    • malignant mixed tumor
    • acinic cell carcinoma
  24. Limit to Midline neck
    • thyroglossal duct cyst
    • thyroid tumor*
    • dermoid cyst
    • goiter
  25. Limit to Palate
    • Torus palatinus
    • incisive canal cyst
    • abscess
  26. Limit to Buccal mucosa &/or lips
    Canalicular adenoma
  27. Limit to Tongue
    lingual thyroid
  28. Limit to Floor of Mouth
    • ranula
    • BLEC
  29. Lumps in general
    • cysticercosis (Taenia solium)
    • benign sal gl tumors*
    • malignant sal gl tumors*
    • mucocele
    • salivary duct cyst
    • amyloid nodule
    • granular cell tumor
  30. Soft tissue lumps (misc)
    • Fibroma, fibrosarcoma,
    • neuroma (MEN2b), traumatic neuroma,
    • neurofibroma (solitary), neurofibromatosis
    • granular cell tumor, schwannoma,
    • neurogenic sarcoma
    • leiomyoma, leiomyosarcoma
    • rhabdomyoma, rhabdomyosarcoma
    • lipoma, liposarcoma
    • hemangioma, lymphangioma, angiosarcoma, (others above)
    • Choristoma (be specific),
    • myositis ossificans: heterotopic ossification (calcification) of muscle.
  31. Transient lingual papillitis
    fungiform papillary glossitis
  32. Candida
    • white, rub: acute pseudomembranous candidiasis
    • white, no rub: chronic hyperplastic candidiasis
    • red: atrophic candidiasis, median rhomboid glossitis
  33. benign salivary
    • pleomorphic adenoma
    • Warthin tumor (papillary cystadenoma lymphomatosum)
    • Oncocytoma
    • Papillary ductal adenoma (papilloma)
  34. malignant salivary
    • Mucoepidermoid carcinoma
    • Adenoid cystic carcinoma
    • carcinoma ex pleomorphic adenoma
    • Acinic cell carcinoma
  35. thyroid tumors
    • Thyroid adenoma
    • papillary, follicular, medullary or anaplastic
  36. petechiae & ecchymoses
    • suction
    • URI (upper respiratory infection)
    • idiopathic
    • mononucleosis
    • thrombocyte disorders*
    • clotting disorders*
    • leukemia,
    • strep. Pharyngitis ( & many more)
  37. lingual papillae
    • fungiform
    • filliform
    • foliate
    • cirvumvallate
  38. dermatophytes
    tinea: capitus, corporis, cruris, pedis

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