Chapter 4 Future oriented memory abilities
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What is prospective memory?
remembering to do something later on or in the future.
What is contextual perspective?
cognitive processes across adulthood take place in everyday life and appear in a different light when age-related contexts are considered.
What is the adaptive nature of cognition?
as we age our lives change, and successful aging depends on how we adapt our cognitive styles to fit those changes.
What is stereotype threat in reference to mental aging?
Members of a group, in this situation old mental age, are aware of a negative stereotype that is widely held about their group and, as a result, might experience anxiety when put in a position that might confirm the stereotype.
What is the goal of "real-world cognition"?
to explore how adults think as they go about their daily activities.
What is the "problem-focused approach"?
looking to obtain further information necessary to achieve the solution to a problem.
What is the "avoidant-denial strategy"?
deciding whether the need to pursue assistance with a problem is necessary or not.
What is the positivity bias?
directing attention away from negative stimuli and having more working memory for positive than negative emotional stimuli. (stronger occurrence in adults compared with young adults)
What is the socioemotional selectivity theory?
younger people view time as expansive and tend to focus on the future (invest time in new activities). older people view time as more limited (direct attention to emotionally meaningful aspects of life)
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