Science & Ethics
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Wat zijn voorbeelden voor niet-morele waarden?
geluk, gezondheid, welzijn
Wat zijn voorbeelden voor direct verplichtende waarden?
het menselijke leven
What is rationalism?
The theory that all knowledge is obtained by logic (Descartes)
What is empiricism?
The theory that all knowledge is obtained by experience (
What is science based on according to logical empirism?
unbiased observations and logical reasoning
What is science according to Bacon?
The collection of data without any previous views
What is a criterion for the scientific character of a statement?
First verifiability was taken, later confirmability
What is the empirical cyle?
from singular empiric basis via generalisation to universal empirical laws to a theory to universal empirical laws.
What is Popper's philosophy of science?
Knowledge is fallible and theories always remain hypothetical; you can never know if you know the thruth
What are the 4 components of a scientific paradigm according to Kuhn?
- symbolic generalisations
- methaphysical presuppositions
Wat zijn de 4 basis waarden van Merton?
- organized scepticism
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