Stress and Health pt 1

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  1. Psychologists and
    physicians have thus developed an interdisciplinary field of _____ _____
    integrates behavioral knowledge with medical knowledge.

    behavioral medicine
  2. Health

    • is a field of psychology that contributes to behavioral
    • medicine. The field studies stress-related aspects of disease
  3. What questions does Health psychology ask?
    • 1.How do
    • emotions and personality factors influence the risk of disease?
    • 2.What
    • attitudes and behaviors prevent illness and promote health and well-being?
    • 3.How do
    • our perceptions determine stress?
    • 4.How can
    • we reduce or control stress?
  4. Stress is not merely a stimulus or a response. It is...

    • a process by which we appraise and cope with
    • environmental threats and challenges. It prepares us for “fight or flight.”
  5. According to Selye, a
    stress response to any kind of

    stimulation is
    similar. The stressed individual goes

    through three phases:

    • (1) alarm reaction,

    (2) resistance/coping

    • (3) exhaustion
  6. Type
    Personality ...
    • is a term used for competitive, hard-driving, impatient,
    • verbally aggressive, and anger-prone people
  7. Type
    B Personality...
    • refers to easygoing, relaxed
    • people
  8. True or False
    Pessimistic adult men are twice as likely to develop
    heart disease over a 10-year period
    • True,
    • Image Upload
  9. Reducing stress by changing events that cause stress or
    by changing how we react to stress is called
    ____ ____ ____
    problem-focused coping
  10. Emotion-focused coping
    • is when

    • we cannot change a stressful situation, and we respond by attending to our own
    • emotional needs.
  11. Discuss the links among explanatory style, stress and health
    • People with an

    • optimistic (instead of pessimistic) explanatory style tend to have more control
    • over stressors, cope better with stressful events, have better moods, and have
    • a stronger immune system.
  12. Describe some of the ways that social support
    acts as a stress buffer.

    • Supportive family members, marriage partners, and close
    • friends help people cope with stress. Their immune functioning calms the
    • cardiovascular system and lowers blood pressure
  13. Explain the difference between coping with
    stress and managing stress.

    • Having a sense of

    • control, an optimistic explanatory style, and social support can reduce stress
    • and improve health.
    • those same factours are also used when coping
  14. Discuss the advantages of aerobic exercise as
    a technique for managing stress and fostering well-being.

    • Many studies suggest that aerobic exercise can elevate
    • mood and well-being because aerobic exercise raises energy, increases
    • self-confidence, and lowers tension, depression, and anxiety.
  15. _____and meditation reduce tension
    and anxiety.

  16. ____ a Type-A
    lifestyle may reduce the recurrence of heart attacks.

  17. Discuss the correlation between religiosity
    and longevity, and offer some possible explanations for this link.

    • Regular religious

    • attendance has been a reliable predictor of a longer life span with a reduced
    • risk of dying.

    Image UploadImage Upload
  18. Investigators suggest there are three factors that
    connect religious involvement and better health think of the chart
    Image Upload

Card Set Information

Stress and Health pt 1
2010-07-14 20:16:26

stress and health pt one
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