Liability insurance not admisible to prove negligence or wrongdoing, but admissible to show ownership, control, or bias.
Subsequent remedial measures admissible to prove ownership, control, or concealment of evidence, but not to show negligence or culpable conduct. NY
: exclusion not applicable in strict liability cases to show manufacturing defect.
Settlement offers not admissible to prove liability or as a prior inconsistent statement.. But offer to settle for less than undisputed liability amount is admissible.
Plea negotiations generally inadmissble.
Victim's past sexual conduct inadmissible except:
- Criminal trial - to show defendant not source of semen, past relations with defendant to show consen, or when constitutional rights of defendant demand it.
- Civil cases - if probative value substantially outweighs prejudicial effect and harm to victim.
- NY: may show victim was convicted of prostitution within three years of the alleged sexual offense; and defense may introduce evidence to rebut evidence of alleged victim's virginity.