IV DRUG Calculations
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_____ is the initial IV line with a large bag of IV fluids attached that runs at a continuous flow rate.
______ attached to the primary line at an injection port; main purpose is to infuse medications on an intermittent basis; referred to as an IV piggyback or IVPB; always hands higher than the primary line during infusion.
____ are used for the purpose of administering IV medication intermittently or for access to a vein in an emergency situation.
Saline IV Locks.
____ indicates that a syringe is attached to the saline lock and the medication is pushed in.
_____ indicates that a volume of IV fluid is infused over a specific period of time through an IV administration set attached to the saline lock.
Common Abbreviations for IV solutions:?
7. D5 and 1/2 NS?
- 1. Normal Saline ( 0.9% Sodium Chloride)
- 2. 0.45% Sodium Chloride
- 3. Dextrose 5% and water
- 4.Dextrose 5% in Lactated Ringers
- 5.Lactated Ringers
- 6. Dextrose 5% in Normal Saline
- 7. Dextrose 5% and 0.45% Normal Saline
_______ is a form of nutritional support in which the nutrients are provided by the IV route; consist of glucose, amino acids, minerals, vitamins, and/or fat emulsions.
Candidates for parenteral nutrition are patients who are unable to digest or absorb ____ nutrition.
Parenteral nutrition is also called ______ and _____.
TPN( total parenteral nutrition) and Hyperalimentation
When blood is administered, a standard blood set or ____ blood set is commonly used.
One spike is attached to the ___ container, and the other, to a bag of _____.
blood container; normal saline
____ is used to flush the IV tubing at the start of the transfusion and at the end.
Tubing for blood administration has an -_____ filter.
IV fluids are usually ordered to be administered at rates expressed in ____
Rates for IV fluids are usually expressed in ___ when an infusion device is not used.
When an infusion device is used, the rate MUST be expressed in?
When is calculating in gtt/min done?
when an electronic device is not used and the nurse has to manually regulate the IV rate by using the roller clamp on the IV tubing.
______ is the calibration of IV tubing in gtt/min; indicated on the box in which the IV tubing is packaged; this calibration is necessary to calculate flow rates.
___ tubing-is a standard type of tubing used for general IV administration; delivers 10,15, or 20 gtts equal to 1 mL; large drops.
____ tubing- delivers tiny drops; used in pediatrics, elderly, and in critical care settings. delivers 60 gtts equal to 1 mL.
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