IV DRUG Calculations

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IV DRUG Calculations
2014-03-19 00:05:18
Quiz prep
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  1. _____ is the initial IV line with a large bag of IV fluids attached that runs at a continuous flow rate.
    Primary Line
  2. ______ attached to the primary line at an injection port; main purpose is to infuse medications on an intermittent basis; referred to as an IV piggyback or IVPB; always hands higher than the primary line during infusion.
    Secondary line
  3. ____ are used for the purpose of administering IV medication intermittently or for access to a vein in an emergency situation.
    Saline IV Locks.
  4. ____ indicates that a syringe is attached to the saline lock and the medication is pushed in.
    IV Push
  5. _____ indicates that a volume of IV fluid is infused over a specific period of time through an IV administration set attached to the saline lock.
    IV Bolus
  6. Common Abbreviations for IV solutions:?
    2.1/2 NS?
    3. D5W?
    4. D5LR?
    5. LR?
    6. D5NS?
    7. D5 and 1/2 NS?
    • 1. Normal Saline ( 0.9% Sodium Chloride)
    • 2. 0.45% Sodium Chloride
    • 3. Dextrose 5% and water
    • 4.Dextrose 5% in Lactated Ringers
    • 5.Lactated Ringers
    • 6. Dextrose 5% in Normal Saline
    • 7. Dextrose 5% and 0.45% Normal Saline
  7. _______ is a form of nutritional support in which the nutrients are provided by the IV route; consist of glucose, amino acids, minerals, vitamins, and/or fat emulsions.
    Parenteral Nutrition
  8. Candidates for parenteral nutrition are patients who are unable to digest or absorb ____ nutrition.
  9. Parenteral nutrition is also called ______ and _____.
    TPN( total parenteral nutrition) and Hyperalimentation
  10. When blood is administered, a standard blood set or ____ blood set is commonly used.
  11. One spike is attached to the ___ container, and the other, to a bag of _____.
    blood container; normal saline
  12. ____ is used to flush the IV tubing at the start of the transfusion and at the end.
    normal saline
  13. Tubing for blood administration has an -_____ filter.
  14. IV fluids are usually ordered to be administered at rates expressed in ____
  15. Rates for IV fluids are usually expressed in ___ when an infusion device is not used.
  16. When an infusion device is used, the rate MUST be expressed in?
  17. When is calculating in gtt/min done?
    when an electronic device is not used and the nurse has to manually regulate the IV rate by using the roller clamp on the IV tubing.
  18. ______ is the calibration of IV tubing in gtt/min; indicated on the box in which the IV tubing is packaged; this calibration is necessary to calculate flow rates.
    drop factor
  19. ___ tubing-is a standard type of tubing used for general IV administration; delivers 10,15, or 20 gtts equal to 1 mL; large drops.
  20. ____ tubing- delivers tiny drops; used in pediatrics, elderly, and in critical care settings. delivers 60 gtts equal to 1 mL.