Muscle Lab

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Author:
Morgan_001
ID:
267051
Filename:
Muscle Lab
Updated:
2014-03-22 17:42:05
Tags:
muscles
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Description:
grey boxes for muscles chapter in lab book
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  1. Epicranius muscle is composed to which two muscles?
    Frontalis and Occipitalis
  2. Frontalis Muscle 
    Location:
    Origin:
    Insersion:
    Action:
    • Frontalis Muscle
    • Location: Scalp
    • Origin: Epicranial aponeurosis 
    • Insertion: skin of eyebrows and nose
    • Action: raise eyebrows, wrinkle forehead
  3. Occipitalis Muscle 
    Location: 
    Origin:
    Insertion:
    Action:
    • Occipitalis Muscle 
    • Location: Scalp
    • Origin: Occipital bone
    • Insertion: epicranial aponeurosis 
    • Action: tense and pull scalp posteriorly
  4. Masseter Muscle 
    Location:
    Origin:
    Insertion:
    Action:
    • Masseter Muscle 
    • Location: Facial 
    • Origin: Zygomatic arch
    • Insertion: rams of mandible 
    • Action: elevate mandible
  5. Orbicularis oculi muscle 
    Location: 
    Origin:
    Insertion:
    Action:
    • Orbicularis oculi muscle 
    • Location: Facial
    • Origin: Frontal and maxilla bones 
    • Insertion: eyelid 
    • Action: close eyes
  6. Orbicularis oris muscle 
    Location:
    Origin:
    Insertion:
    Action:
    • Orbicularis oris muscle 
    • Location: Facial
    • Origin: maxilla and mandible 
    • Insertion: muscle and skin at corners of mouth 
    • Action: close and purse lips
  7. Temporalis muscle 
    Location:
    Origin:
    Insertion:
    Action:
    • Temporalis muscle 
    • Location: Facial
    • Origin: parietal and frontal bones 
    • Insertion: coronoid process of mandible 
    • Action: elevate mandible
  8. Zygomaticus muscle 
    Location:
    Origin:
    Insertion:
    Action:
    • Zygomaticus muscle 
    • Location: Facial
    • Origin: Zygomatic bone
    • Insertion: muscles and skin at corners of mouth
    • Action: raise lateral corners of mouth
  9. Platysma 
    Location:
    Origin:
    Insertion:
    Action:
    • Platysma 
    • Location: Neck
    • Origin: Fascia of thorax 
    • Insertion: mandible, skin and muscle of cheek
    • Action: tense skin of neck, depress mandible
  10. Sternohyoid muscle 
    Location:
    Origin:
    Insertion: 
    Action:
    • Sternohyoid muscle 
    • Location: Neck
    • Origin: Clavicle and manubrium 
    • Insertion: Hyoid bone
    • Action: depress hyoid and larynx
  11. Sternocleidomastoid muscle 
    Location:
    Origin:
    Insertion:
    Action:
    • Sternocleidomastoid muscle 
    • Location: Neck
    • Origin: Clavicle and manubrium 
    • Insertion: mastoid process
    • Action: flex neck (both), bend head toward shoulder and turn face to opposite side (one)
  12. Diaphragm 
    Location:
    Origin:
    Insertion:
    Action:
    • Diaphragm 
    • Location: Thorax 
    • Origin: inferior border of rib cage 
    • Insertion: central tendon
    • Action: expand size of thoracic cavity
  13. External intercostals muscles 
    Location:
    Origin:
    Insertion:
    Action:
    • External intercostals muscles 
    • Location: Thorax
    • Origin: superior rib's inferior border 
    • Insertion: inferior rib's superior border 
    • Action: elevate ribs
  14. Internal intercostals muscles 
    Location:
    Origin:
    Insertion:
    Action:
    • Internal intercostals muscles
    • Location: Thorax
    • Origin: inferior rib's superior border 
    • Insertion: superior rib's inferior border 
    • Action: Depress ribs
  15. Latissimus dorsi muscle 
    Location:
    Origin:
    Insertion:
    Action:
    • Latissimus dorsi muscle 
    • Location: Pectoral Girdle 
    • Origin: spinous processes of T7-L5 vertebrae, ribs 8-12, and iliac crest
    • Insertion: intertubercular sulcus of humerus 
    • Action: extend, adduct, and medially rotate arm at shoulder
  16. Pectoralis major muscle 
    Location:
    Origin:
    Insertion:
    Action:
    • Pectoralis major muscle 
    • Location: Pectoral Girdle 
    • Origin: clavicle, sternum, and cartilage of ribs 2-6
    • Insertion: greater tubercle and intertubercular salcus of humerus 
    • Action: flex, adduct, and medially rotate arm at shoulder
  17. Pectoralis minor muscles 
    Location:
    Origin:
    Insertion:
    Action:
    • Pectoralis minor muscles 
    • Location: Pectoral Girdle 
    • Origin: ribs 3-5
    • Insertion: coracoid process of scapula 
    • Action: ribs fixed- draw scapula forward and downward
  18. Rhomboids (major and minor) muscles 
    Location:
    Origin:
    Insertion: 
    Action:
    • Rhomboids (major and minor) muscles
    • Location: Pectoral Girdle
    • Origin: spinous processes of C7-T5 vertebrae 
    • Insertion: medial edge of scapula 
    • Action: adduct scapula, rotate glenoid cavity downward
  19. Serratus anterior muscle 
    Location:
    Origin:
    Insertion:
    Action:
    • Serratus anterior muscle
    • Location: Pectoral Girdle 
    • Origin: ribs 1-8
    • Insertion: anterior surface of medial edge of scapula 
    • Action: hold scapula against chest wall, rotate glenoid cavity upward
  20. Trapezius muscle 
    Location:
    Origin: 
    Insertion:
    Action:
    • Trapezius muscle 
    • Location: Pectoral Girdle 
    • Origin: occipital bone and spinous processes of the C7-T12 vertebrae 
    • Insertion: acromion and spine of scapula, clavicle 
    • Action: stabilize and move scapula
  21. External Oblique muscles 
    Location:
    Origin:
    Insertion:
    Action:
    • External Oblique muscles 
    • Location: Abdomen 
    • Origin: Ribs 5-12
    • Insertion: linea alba and iliac crest 
    • Action: flex and rotate vertebral column, compress abdomen
  22. Internal oblique muscles 
    Location:
    Origin:
    Insertion:
    Action:
    • Internal oblique muscles 
    • Location: Abdomen 
    • Origin: lumbodorsal fascia and iliac crest 
    • Insertion: ribs 9-12, xiphoid process and line alba
    • Action: flex and rotate vertebral column, compress abdomen
  23. Rectus abdominis muscle
    Location:
    Origin:
    Insertion:
    Action:
    • Rectus abdominis muscle 
    • Location: Abdomen 
    • Origin: pubis 
    • Insertion: xiphoid process, costal cartilage of ribs 5-7 
    • Action: depress ribs, flex vertebral column, compress abdomen
  24. Transversus abdominis muscle 
    Location:
    Origin:
    Insertion:
    Action:
    • Transversus abdominis muscle 
    • Location: Abdomen 
    • Origin: lumbodorsal fascia, iliac crest, cartilage of ribs 6-12
    • Insertion: linea alba and pubis 
    • Action: compress abdomen
  25. Deltoid muscle 
    Location:
    Origin:
    Insertion:
    Action:
    • Deltoid muscle 
    • Location: shoulder 
    • Origin: clavicle, acromion and spine of scapula 
    • Insertion: deltoid tuberosity of humerus 
    • Action: whole muscle- abduct humerus, posterior part- extend humerus , anterior part- flex humerus
  26. Infraspinatus muscle 
    Location:
    Origin: 
    Insertion:
    Action:
    • Infraspinatus muscle 
    • Location: shoulder 
    • Origin: infraspinous fossa of scapula 
    • Insertion: greater tubercle of humerus 
    • Action: laterally rotate humerus
  27. Teres major muscle 
    Location:
    Origin:
    Insertion:
    Action:
    • Teres major muscle 
    • Location: shoulder 
    • Origin: inferior edge of scapula 
    • Insertion: intertubercular sulcas of humerus
    • Action: extend, adduct, and medially rotate humerus
  28. Biceps brachii muscle 
    Location:
    Origin:
    Insertion:
    Action:
    • Biceps brachii muscle 
    • Location: Arm
    • Origin: coracoid process, superior edge of glenoid cavity
    • Insertion: radial tuberosity of radius 
    • Action: flex elbow and shoulder, supinate forearm
  29. Brachialis muscle 
    Location:
    Origin:
    Insertion: 
    Action:
    • Brachialis muscle 
    • Location:Arm
    • Origin: anterior/distal humerus 
    • Insertion: coronoid process of ulna 
    • Action: flex elbow
  30. Triceps brachii muscle 
    Location:
    Origin:
    Insertion:
    Action:
    • Triceps brachii muscle 
    • Location: arm
    • Origin: inferior edge of glenoid cavity, posterior shaft of humerus 
    • Insertion: olecranon process of ulna 
    • Action: extend elbow
  31. Brachioradialis muscle 
    Location:
    Origin:
    Insertion:
    Action:
    • Brachioradialis muscle 
    • Location: forearm 
    • Origin: lateral/distal end of humerus 
    • Insertion: styloid process of radius 
    • Action: flex elbow
  32. Flexor carpi radialis muscle 
    Location:
    Origin:
    Insertion:
    Action:
    • Flexor carpi radialis muscle 
    • Location: forearm 
    • Origin: medial epicondyle of humerus 
    • Insertion: 2nd and 3rd metacarpals 
    • Action: flex and abduct wrist
  33. Flexor carpi ulnaris muscle 
    Location:
    Origin:
    Insertion:
    Action:
    • Flexor carpi ulnaris muscle 
    • Location: forearm 
    • Origin: medial epicondyle of humerus, olecranon process of ulna 
    • Insertion: carpals and 5 metacarpal 
    • Action: flex and adduct wrist
  34. Extensor carpi radialis longus muscle 
    Location: 
    Origin:
    Insertion:
    Action:
    • Extensor carpi radialis longus muscle 
    • Location: forearm 
    • Origin: lateral/distal end of humerus 
    • Insertion: 2nd metacarpal 
    • Action: extend and abduct wrist
  35. Extensor carpi ulnaris muscle 
    Location:
    Origin:
    Insertion:
    Action:
    • Extensor carpi ulnaris muscle 
    • Location: forearm
    • Origin: lateral epicondyle of humerus 
    • Insertion: 5th metacarpal 
    • Action: extend and adduct wrist
  36. Adductor longus muscle 
    Location:
    Origin:
    Insertion:
    Action:
    • Adductor longus muscle 
    • Location: Pelvis/Hips/Thigh
    • Origin: pubis 
    • Insertion: linea aspera of femur 
    • Action: adduct, flex, and medially rotate hip
  37. Adductor magnus muscle 
    Location:
    Origin:
    Insertion:
    Action:
    • Adductor magnus muscle 
    • Location: Pelvis/Hips/Thigh
    • Origin:ischium and pubis 
    • Insertion: linea aspera and near medial or proximal tibia via iliotibial tract 
    • Action: adduct hip, flex or extend hip
  38. Gluteus maximus muscle 
    Location:
    Origin:
    Insertion:
    Action:
    • Gluteus maximus muscle 
    • Location: Pelvis/Hips/Thigh
    • Origin: dorsal ilium, sacrum, and coccyx 
    • Insertion: postero-proximal femur, lateral side of proximal tibia via iliotibial tract 
    • Action: extend and laterally rotate hip
  39. Gluteus medius muscle 
    Location:
    Origin:
    Insertion:
    Action:
    • Gluteus medius muscle 
    • Location: Pelvis/Hips/Thigh
    • Origin: lateral surface of ilium
    • Insertion: greater trochanter of femur 
    • Action: abduct and medially rotate hip
  40. Gracilis muscle 
    Location:
    Origin:
    Insertion:
    Action:
    • Gracilis muscle 
    • Location: Pelvis/Hips/Thigh
    • Origin: pubis 
    • Insertion: medial surface of proximal tibia 
    • Action: adduct and medially rotate hip, flex knee
  41. Which 3 muscles make up the hamstring?
    • Biceps femoris muscle 
    • Semimembranosus muscle 
    • Semitendinosus muscle
  42. Biceps femoris muscle 
    Location:
    Origin:
    Insertion:
    Action:
    • Biceps femoris muscle 
    • Location: Pelvis/Hips/Thigh
    • Origin: ishcium and linea aspera of femur 
    • Insertion: head of fibula and lateral condyle of tibia 
    • Action: extend and laterally rotate hip, flex knee
  43. Semimembranosus muscle 
    Location: 
    Origin:
    Insertion:
    Action:
    • Semimembranosus muscle 
    • Location: Pelvis/Hips/Thigh
    • Origin: ischium 
    • Insertion: medial condyle of tibia 
    • Action: extend and medially rotate hip, flex knee
  44. Semitendinosus muscle 
    Location:
    Origin:
    Insertion:
    Action:
    • Semitendinosus muscle 
    • Location: Pelvis/Hips/Thigh
    • Origin: ischium 
    • Insertion: medial side of proximal tibia 
    • Action: extend and medially rotate hip, flex knee
  45. Iliopsoas muscle 
    Location:
    Origin:
    Insertion:
    Action:
    • Iliopsoas muscle 
    • Location: Pelvis/Hips/Thigh
    • Origin: ilium, sacrum, and lumbar vertebrae 
    • Insertion: lesser trochanter of femur 
    • Action: flex hip and lumbar vertebral column
  46. Pectineus muscle 
    Location:
    Origin:
    Insertion:
    Action:
    • Pectineus muscle 
    • Location: Pelvis/Hips/Thigh
    • Origin: pubis 
    • Insertion: medial and posterior region of proximal femur 
    • Action: adduct, flex, and medially rotate hip
  47. Sartorius muscle 
    Location:
    Origin:
    Insertion:
    Action:
    • Sartorius muscle 
    • Location: Pelvis/Hips/Thigh
    • Origin: anterior ilium
    • Insertion: medial side of proximal tibia 
    • Action: flex and laterally rotate hip, flex knee
  48. Tensor fasciae latae muscle 
    Location:
    Origin:
    Insertion:
    Action:
    • Tensor fasciae latae muscle 
    • Location: Pelvis/Hips/Thigh
    • Origin: iliac crest and anterior ilium 
    • Insertion: lateral side of proximal tibia via iliotibial tract 
    • Action: flex and medially rotate hip
  49. What 4 muscles make up the quadriceps femoris?
    • Rectus femoris muscle 
    • Vastus intermediate muscle 
    • Vastus lateralis muscle 
    • Vastus medialis muscle
  50. Rectus femoris muscle 
    Location:
    Origin:
    Insertion:
    Action:
    • Rectus femoris muscle 
    • Location: Pelvis/Hips/Thigh
    • Origin: superior to the acetabulum 
    • Insertion: tibial tuberosity via patellar ligament 
    • Action: flex hip, extend knee
  51. Vastus intermedius muscle 
    Location:
    Origin:
    Insertion:
    Action:
    • Vastus intermedius msucle 
    • Location: Pelvis/Hips/Thigh
    • Origin: anterolateral femur and linea aspera 
    • Insertion: tibial tuberosity via patellar ligament 
    • Action: extend knee
  52. Vastus lateralis muscle 
    Location:
    Origin:
    Insertion:
    Action:
    • Vastus lateralis muscle 
    • Location: Pelvis/Hips/Thigh
    • Origin: greater trochanter to line aspera of femur 
    • Insertion: tibial tuberosity via patellar ligament 
    • Action: extend knee
  53. Vastus medialis muscle 
    Location:
    Origin:
    Insertion:
    Action:
    • Vastus meidalis muscle 
    • Location: Pelvis/Hips/Thigh
    • Origin: linea aspera of femur 
    • Insertion: tibial tuberosity via patellar ligament 
    • Action: extend knee
  54. Extensor digitorum longus muscle 
    Location:
    Origin:
    Insertion:
    Action:
    • Extensor digitorum longus muscle 
    • Location: Leg
    • Origin: lateral condyle of tibia, proximal fibula 
    • Insertion: toes 2-5
    • Action: extend toes
  55. Fibularis (peroneus) longus muscle 
    Location: 
    Origin:
    Insertion:
    Action:
    • Fibularis (peroneus) longus muscle 
    • Location: Leg
    • Origin: proximal tibia and fibula 
    • Insertion: tarsal and metatarsal bones 
    • Action: extend ankle (plantar flexion), evert foot
  56. Gastrocnemius muscle 
    Location:
    Origin:
    Insertion:
    Action:
    • Gastrocnemius muscle 
    • Location: leg 
    • Origin: medial and lateral condyles of femur 
    • Insertion: calcaneus via calcaneal tendon 
    • Action: extend ankle (plantar flexion), flex knee
  57. Soleus muscle 
    Location:
    Origin:
    Insertion:
    Action:
    • Soleus muscle 
    • Location: Leg 
    • Origin: proximal tibia and fibula 
    • Insertion: calcaneus via calcaneal tendon 
    • Action: extend ankle (plantar flexion)
  58. Tibialis anterior muscle 
    Location:
    Origin:
    Insertion:
    Action:
    • Tibialis anterior muscle 
    • Location: Leg 
    • Origin: lateral condyle and proximal shaft of tibia 
    • Insertion: tarsal and metatarsal bones 
    • Action: fleet ankle (dorsiflexion), invert foot
  59. Calcaneal (achilles) tendon 
    Location:
    Origin:
    Insertion:
    Action:
    • Calcaneal (achilles) tendon 
    • Location: leg 
    • Origin: 
    • Insertion:
    • Action: tendon connecting gastrocnemius and soleus muscles

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