Government- Chapter 5
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A temporary alliance of several groups who come together to form a working majority and so to control a government.
A group of persons who seek to control government through winning of elections and the holding of public party.
In American politics, the Republican and the Democratic parties
One of the politcal parties not widely supported.
Voting for candidates of different parties for different offices at the same election.
The smallest unit of election administration; a voting district.
A society which consists of several distinct cultures and groups.
Parties rooted in poor economic times, lacking a clear ideological base, dissatisfied with current conditions and demanding better times.
Economic Protest Parties
General agreement among various groups on fundamental matters; broad agreement on public questions.
A political system dominated by two major parties.
Parties that have split away from one of the major parites.
A political system in which only one party exists.
Parties that concentrate on only one public policy matter.
A system in which several major and many lesser parties exist, seriously compete for, and actually win, public offices.
Factors that can influence party membership can include any of the following:
- Major Events
- Economic Status
The three major roles that minor parties play can include:
- "Spoiler Role"
Who is the National Chairperson of a Major Political Party?
The leader of the national committee. He/She is chosen by the national committee for a four year term at a meeting held right after the national convention.
A party that is based on a particular set of beliefs- a comprehensive view of social, economic, and political matters.
What does it mean when people say that Americans are "Ideologically homogeneous people"?
It means that over time, the American people have shared mamy of the same ideals, the same basic principles, and the same patterns of belief.
What are the top four signs of weakened political parties?
- 1. People no longer declare a specific party, they say their "independent"
- 2. Split-Ticket Voting
- 3. Changes that make parties more "open" to the public expose conflicts and disorganization
- 4. Changes in technology of campaigining for office
What are the five main funtions of the United States political parties?
- 1. Nominating Candidates- parties select candidates and present them to the voters
- 2. Informing and Activating Supporters- inform and inspire voters interest in their parties/candidates
- 3. The Bonding Agent Function- ensures the good performance of its candidates and officeholders
- 4. Governing- overall popular party controls the government
- 5. Acting as Watchdog-the party not in power watches the one in control to find faults to win the next election
What are the four reasons that we have a two-party system?
- 1. Historical Basis- Nation started out with 2 parties: Federalists and Anti-Federalists
- 2. Force of Tradition- America has always two parties
- 3. The Electoral System- features of govt. such as "single member districts" favor two party systems
- 4. Idological Concensus- The majority of Americans have similar ideas which is why there is not many rival parties that exist
What are the advantages and disadvantages of a multiparty system?
- Provides broader representation of the people
- More responsive to the will of the people
- Give voters more choices at the polls
- DisadvantagesCause parties to form coalitions, which can disolve easily
- Failure of coalitions can cause instability in govt.
What are the four types of minor parties in the United States?
- 1. Ideological Parties- example: Libertarian Party
- 2. Single-Issue Parties- party based on one issue
- 3. Economic Protest Parties- party upset with the current govt. and economic status
- 4. Splinter Party- party that split away from a major political party
What factors make both major parties such highly decentralized organizations?
- -The party out of power lacks a strong leader
- -The federal system distributes powers widely, in turn causing the parties to be decentralized
- - The nominating process pits party members against each other because only one person can chosen to be the party's presidential candidate
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