Blood panel +/-

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Author:
hannahshort
ID:
267172
Filename:
Blood panel +/-
Updated:
2014-03-19 22:01:03
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Sx
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Description:
meaning of increase/decrease in values
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  1. What is Albumin?
    protein produced by the liver
  2. Albumin increase
    dehydration
  3. Albumin decrease
    liver damage
  4. Alkaline Phosphatase increase
    • liver disease
    • bone disease
    • increase blood cortisol due to Cushing's
  5. What is Alanine Aminotransferase?
    enzyme produced by the liver
  6. Alanine Aminotransferase increase
    liver damage

    (SGPT)
  7. What is Amylase?
    • enzyme produced by pancreas
    • helps to breakdown starch --> sugar
  8. Amylase increase
    pancreatitis
  9. What is Bilirubin?
    produced by the liver from old RBCs
  10. Bilirubin increase
    • liver disease
    • gallbladder disease
    • hemolysis
  11. What is Blood Urea Nitrogen?
    waste product produced by the liver from proteins in diet
  12. BUN increase
    kidney disease
  13. BUN decrease
    liver disease
  14. Where does Calcium come from?
    the bones
  15. Calcium increase
    • hyperparathyroidism
    • kidney failure
    • cancer
  16. Calcium decrease
    • before giving birth (eclampsia)
    • malfunctioning parathyroid gland which produces PTH to control blood calcium levels
    • antifreeze poisoning
  17. What is Creatinine?
    waste product of the muscles
  18. Creatinine increase
    • kidney disease
    • dehydration

    (eliminated from the body via kidneys)
  19. Globulin increase
    • stress
    • dehydration
    • allergies
    • liver disease
    • heart disease
    • arthritis
    • diabetes
  20. Globulin decrease
    • antibody issues
    • immunodeficiency virus
  21. Glucose increase
    • Diabetes Mellitus
    • mild increase seen in dogs with Cushing's
    • can temporarily increase due to excitement during blood draw
  22. Glucose decrease
    • pancreatic cancer
    • overwhelming infection (sepsis)
  23. What is Hematocrit?
    amount of RBCs in the blood
  24. Hematocrit increase
    dehydration
  25. Hematocrit decrease
    anemia (hemorrhage, parasites, nutritional deficiencies, liver disease..)
  26. What is hemoglobin?
    carries Oxygen
  27. Hemoglobin increase
    B-12 deficiency
  28. Hemoglobin decrease
    • anemia
    • iron deficiency
  29. Platelet increase
    • fracture
    • blood vessel injury
    • cancer
  30. Platelet decrease
    • bone marrow depression
    • autoimmune hemolytic anemia
    • severe hemorrhage
    • Disseminated Intravascular Coagulation
  31. What is Phosphorus?
    produced by the bones, controlled by PTH which also controls blood Calcium
  32. Phosphorus increase
    kidney disease
  33. Potassium increase
    • kidney failure
    • Addison's disease in dogs
    • ruptured/obstructed bladder

    lost through vomit/diarrhea/urine
  34. What does Mean Corpuscular Hemoglobin mean?
    average weight of each HGB in each RBC
  35. MCH increase
    poorly oxygenated blood
  36. MCH decrease
    iron deficiency
  37. What is Mean Corpuscular Hemoglobin Concentration?
    average % of HGB in each RBC
  38. MCHC increase
    high iron level
  39. MCHC decrease
    anemia
  40. What is Mean Corpuscular Volume?
    avrg size of RBC
  41. MCV increase
    B-12 deficiency
  42. MCV decrease
    iron deficiency
  43. Mean Platelet Volume increase
    • hyperthyroidism
    • risk of thrombosis
  44. MPV decrease
    anemia
  45. RBC Distribution width
    ansiocytosis
  46. RBC increase
    polycythemia--too many RBC being made by bone marrow
  47. RBC decrease
    anemia
  48. Sodium increase
    dehydration
  49. Sodium decrease
    Addison's disease (hypoadrenocorticism)
  50. Total Protein increase
    • dehydration
    • immune system being stimulated to produce large amounts of antibody
  51. WBC increase
    bacterial infection
  52. WBC decrease
    • viral infection
    • poisoning
  53. normal ALT
    20-80 U/L
  54. normal BUN
    10-20 mg/dL

    • dog- 15
    • cat- 17
  55. normal Calcium
    1-2 mg/dL
  56. normal Glucose
    60-120 mg/dL

    • dog- 85
    • cat- 75
  57. normal hemoglobin
    • dog- 14.5 gm/100 mL
    • cat- 12 gm/100 mL
  58. normal platelets
    • dog- 150-600,000
    • cat- 200-800,000
  59. normal TP
    6.2-8 g/dL
  60. normal WBC
    • dog- 11,000 (10-12,000)
    • cat- 13,000

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