Lit Terms set 4

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aronlaszik
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267196
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Lit Terms set 4
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2014-03-20 01:33:47
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lit terms AP lit set 4
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  1. Protagonist
    • :
    •  character around which the action is centered
  2. Pun
    • :  a play on words, often achieved through the
    • use of words with similar sounds but different meanings
  3. Realism
    • :  accuracy in the portrayal of life or
    • reality.  Also known as verisimilitude
  4. Refrain
    • :
    •  repetition of line or phrase at regular intervals (like
    • chorus)
  5. Rhetoric
    • :  the art of presenting ideas in a clear,
    • effective, and persuasive manner
  6. Rhetorical Question
    • :  a question asked merely for rhetorical effect
    • and not requiring an answer
  7. Rhetorical Devices
    • :  literary techniques used to heighten the
    • effectiveness of expression
  8. Rhyme
    :  the repetition of sounds
  9. End rhyme
    • :  repetition of
    • the same sound at the end of the lines
  10. Initial rhyme
    • :  repetition of the
    • same sound at the beginning of the lines
  11. Internal rhyme
    • :  rhyme that occurs
    • within lines
  12. Off rhyme, slant rhyme
    • :  inexact but close
    • rhyme
  13. Sight rhyme
    • :  words that look
    • like they should rhyme but don’t
  14. Rhythm:
    • naturally occurring patterns of stressed and
    • unstressed syllables
  15. Romantic
    • :  a term describing a character or literary work
    • that reflects the characteristics of Romanticism, the literary movement
    • beginning in the late 18th century that stressed emotion,
    • imagination, and individualism.
  16. Rhyme Scheme
    • :
    • end rhyme expressed
    • alphabetically (abbacdcd)
  17. Sarcasm
    • :
    •  harsh, cutting language or tone intended to
    • ridicule
  18. Satire
    • :
    •  the use of humor to emphasize human weaknesses
    • or imperfections in social institutions. 


    • Horation
    • Satire is mildly
    • corrective.  Juvenalian Satire is harsh and bitter
  19. Scansion
    :  the analysis of the meter of a poem
  20. Scene
    • :
    • a real or fictional
    • episode; a division of an act in a play
  21. Setting
    • :
    •  the time, place, and environment in which
    • action takes place
  22. Short Story:
    • brief fictional narrative
    • in prose
  23. Simile
    • :  a
    • comparison of two things using “like,” “as,” or other specifically comparative
    • words.
  24. Situation
    • :  the circumstance at a given moment in a story
    • or poem
  25. Soliloquy
    • :  when a character on stage expresses his or
    • her inner thoughts without addressing anyone else on stage
  26. Sonnet
    • A fourteen line poem.  The two
    • most recognized types of sonnets are English (Shakespearean,         Elizabethan) and Italian (Petrarchan).
  27. The English sonnet
    • has
    • 3 quatrains and an ending couplet.  They
    • rhyme scheme is abab, cdcd, efef, gg. 
    • The first two quatrains set the theme or situation, answered or furthered
    • by the third quatrain, and summarized for finalized by the ending couplet.
  28. The Italian sonnet
    • is
    • divided into an octave or octet (8 lines) and a sestet (six lines).  The             rhyme
    • scheme differs, but a common pattern is abba, abba, cde, cde.   The octave is more uniform in rhyme scheme
    • than the sestet. The octave will present the theme, problem, or situation which
    • is then answered or resolved in the sestet.
  29. Stanzas
    :  the section or division of a poem
  30. Structure
    • :
    •  the arrangement or framework of a sentence, paragraph, or
    • entire work
  31. Style
    • :
    •  the choices a writer makes; the combination of distinctive
    • features of a literary work
  32. Syllepsis
    • :
    •  a construction in which one word is used in two different
    • senses (“After he threw the ball, he threw a fit.”)
  33. Syllogism
    • :
    •  a three-part deductive argument in which a conclusion is
    • based on a major premise and a minor premise (“All men are mortal; Socrates is
    • a man; therefore, Socrates is mortal)
  34. Symbol
    • :
    •  an object that is used to represent something
    • else
  35. Synecdoche
    • :
    •  using one part of an object to represent the entire object
    • (for example, referring to a car simply as “wheels”)
  36. Synesthesia (or synaesthesia
    • ):
    • describing one kind of
    • sensation in terms of another (“a loud color,” “a sweet sound”)
  37. Syntax
    • :
    •  the manner in which words are arranged into sentences
  38. Theme
    • :
    •  a central idea of a work
  39. Thesis
    • :
    •  the primary position taken by a writer or
    • speaker
  40. Tone
    • :
    •  the attitude of a writer, usually implied,
    • toward the subject or audience
  41. Topic
    • :
    •  the subject treated in a paragraph or work
  42. Tragedy
    • :
    •  a work in which the protagonist, a person of high degree, is
    • engaged in a significant struggle and which ends in his ruin or destruction
  43. Tragic Hero:
    • the central character in a
    • tragedy who experiences a tragic downfall. 
    • The tragic hero has a tragic flaw
    • which is the error, misstep, frailty, or flaw that causes the downfall of the
    • tragic hero.  Also referred to as hamartia.
  44. Trilogy
    • :
    •  a work in three parts, each of which is a
    • complete work in itself
  45. Trite
    • :
    •  overused and hackneyed
  46. Tropes
    • :  the generic name for a figure of speech such
    • as image, symbol, simile, and metaphor
  47. Turning Point:
    • the point in a work in
    • which a very significant change occurs
  48. Understatement
    • :
    •  the deliberate representation of something as lesser in
    • magnitude than it actually is; a deliberate under-emphasis
  49. Vernacular
    • :
    •  the everyday speech of a particular country or region, often
    • involving nonstandard usage
  50. Zeugma
    • :  the use of a word to modify two or more
    • words: “He closed the door and his heart on his los love.”
  51. Zeitgeist
    • :  German for “the spirit of the age.”  The moral, emotional, or intellectual
    • characteristics of a particular age.

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